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The Emerald Isle. The shamrock The Celtic Harp.

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Presentation on theme: "The Emerald Isle. The shamrock The Celtic Harp."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Emerald Isle


3 The shamrock

4 The Celtic Harp

5 Music …fiddle, drums, accordion…

6 Free space for your pictures…

7 IRELAND TODAY POPULATION: about 4.3 ml (1.7 ml in Dublin) LANGUAGE: English and Irish Gaelic LANDMARKS Celtic crosses, monasteries and abbeys SPORTS: cricket, golf, Gaelic football, hurling, hockey, soccer PATRON SAINT: St Patrick ( 17 th March)

8 IRELAND TODAY RELIGION CATHOLIC (85%) SYMBOLS Shamrock Harp MAJOR CITIES Dublin Galway Cork Limerick Belfast

9 IRELAND TODAY - GOVERNMENT EIRE = REPUBLIC OF IRELAND Capital: DUBLIN President (7 years) : Michael D. Higgins (since 2011) Parliament: Senate + House of Representatives = Dail (elected by universal suffrage every 5 years) NORTHERN IRELAND (UK) Capital: BELFAST

10 IRELAND TODAY - ECONOMY AGRICULTURE: cattle, dairy farming, fishing (smoked salmon, oysters, mussels, cod….), potatoes, racehorses FOOD PROCESSING and drinks: soda bread, stews, Guinness beer, whiskey, artisan cheeses, fruit and potato cakes MANUFACTURING: computer technology, metal, engineering, crystal, tweed TOURISM

11 THE CELTIC TIGER 1995-2007: rapid economic growth 2009: end of economic boom Collapse of banking system Property bubble burst Fewer US investments

12 THE IRISH QUESTION St Patrick Monasteries: writing and learning Eg Book of Kells 5 th century Irish Chieftains inland + Vikings controlled the ports - Dublin 7 th –11 th century Henry II Plantagenet: the first British colony Christ Church + St Patrick’s cathedrals 12 th century

13 THE IRISH QUESTION The Tudors: “plantations” Protestant settlers + persecution of rebels Elisabeth I : Trinity Colllege 16th-17th century Oliver Cromwell: civil war 1650s Battle of the Boyne : victory of the “Orangemen” led by William of Orange Persecution for Catholics 1690

14 Ireland – XIX century PM William Pitt: 1/5 Irish Representatives in British Parliament 1801 Act of Union The Great Famine : 1ml died + 2mls emigrated 1845-46 Charles Parnell: Irish MP who demande HOME RULE (Fenian ideal) 1885

15 Irish Independence Easter rising: about 700 republican rebels too Dublin’s GPO and kept it for 4 days IRA and Civil War 24 th April1916 Sinn Fein was born 1905 and organised the IRA, using guerrilla methods to fight for Independence Leader Michael Collins 1919 Anglo-Irish Treaty and creation of the Irish Free State, a dominion without Ulster (six counties).:President de Valera 1932: Stormont Castle built to house the Northern Itreland Assembly 1921 PARTITION

16 THE IRISH QUESTION 1937 : EIRE left the Commonwealth 1949: Republic of Ireland

17 ULSTER AND “THE TROUBLES” Civil Rights Movement for Catholics 1960s Pacific march demanding Civil Rights: 13 civilians shot dead by the “Black and Tan” (British police) Bloody Sunday1972 Londonderry Bobby Sands = martyr for freedom: died in prison during a hunger strike 1981

18 Ireland : Towards Peace Reynolds- Major: Downing Street Declaration: right of self-determination for Northern ireland Anglo-Irish Agreement: ceasefire 1993-94 IRA attack in London Protestant attack on Catholics: 3 dead children Good Friday 1998: Cease fire 1996-98 Trimble (Unionist)-Adams (Fenian): peace Agreement: local Governement with Catholic representatives + IRA give up all weapons. December 1999

19 Ireland : Towards Peace Ian Paisley (Unionist): Prime Minister Arthur McGinness (Nationalist) Deputy Prime Minister = shared power 2007 ELECTIONS

20 Some Famous Irish Writers (dealing with the Irish question) Johnathan Swift Oscal Wilde William Butler Yeats James Joyce Samuel Beckett Frank McCourt Roddy Doyle

21 Johnathan SWIFT (1667-1745), Protestant Dubliner 1729: A Modest Proposal (+ other pamplets) Criticism on the British who don’t do anything against Irish poverty + criticism on Irish passivity Oscar WILDE (1854-1900), born in Dublin, lived in England and Paris James JOYCE (1882-1941), left Dublin for a cosmopolitan, detached perspective

22 WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS (1865-1939) A) Anglo-Irish family => passion for the Irish countryside and folklore - The Rose (1893): romantic, exotic, languid, symbolic B) Love for Maud Gonne, a fervent patriot and actress => the artist has to encourage national consciuosness, themes, traditions - 1899, Irish Theatrical Society, plays at the Abbey theatre

23 WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS (1865-1939) C) Gradual disillusionment as nationalism became mixed up with Catholic middle-class values D) After 1916 => sympathy for “moderate” members of the new government; became senator of the DIAL - Michael Robartes and the Dancer, 1921 IRISH SYMBOLISM: “Norman Tower” => historical cycles & the past “Parnell” => past and present possibilities

24 SEAMUS HEANEY (1939 -…) County of Derry – Northern Ireland; eventually settled in Dublin Graduated in English language and literature; taught in Dublin, Oxford and Harvard (USA) 1995: Nobel Prize for literature Lived throught the conflicts of his time; got involved into the civil rights movement POETRY: a mode of resistance and responsibility

25 SAMUEL BECKETT (1906-1985) Family: protestant, Anglo-Irish, well-off Education: modern languages and literatures at Trinity College, Dublin; worked as a secretary for Joyce; travelled to France 1946: Settled in Paris: taught English and wrote in French 1969: Nobel Prize for literature

26 Francis "Frank" McCourt Irish- American (1930 – 2009) 1996: Angela's Ashes memoir that consists of various anecdotes and stories of Frank McCourt's impoverished childhood and early adulthood in BROOKLYN, New York and Limerick, Ireland, as well as McCourt's struggles with poverty, his father's drinking issues, and his mother's attempts of keeping the family alive. 1996 : it won the Pulitzer rize for Biography and Autobiography. A sequel to the book, 'Tis, was published in 1999, and was followed by Teacher Man in 2005'TisTeacher Man

27 Roddy Doyle (Dublin 1958, ) Novelist, dramatist, screenwriter; several of his books have been made into successful films, e.g. The Commitments, 1991 1993: Booker Prize for Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha, a novel in which the world is described, understood and misunderstood by a ten- year-old Dubliner. A Star Called Henry (1999) - The story of Henry Smart, an IRA assassin and 1916 Easter Rebellion fighter, from his birth in Dublin to his adulthood when he becomes a father. Oh, Play That Thing! (2004) — Henry Smart's adventures in 1924 America, specifically the Lower East Side of New York City, where he catches the attention of local mobsters by hiring kids to carry his sandwich boards. He also goes to Chicago where he becomes a business partner with Louis Armstrong. The title is taken from a phrase that is shouted in one of Louis Armstrong's songs, "Dippermouth Blues". The Dead Republic (2010) — Henry Smart's adventures with Hollywood film- making

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