2INDEX 1 – Introduction 2 – Background 3 – The Act of Union 4 – Home Rule Party5 – The Easter Rising6 – The Irish War of Indipendence6.1 – The Battle of Dublin6.2 – Michael Collins7 – The birth of EIRE8 – Republic of Ireland9 – From the Republic of Ireland until today
4HISTORICAL REASONSIreland was colonized by England in the XIII centuryEnglish introduced feudalism in Ireland, subduing Irish people
5RELIGIOUS QUESTIONConflict between Catholic Irish and Protestant British
6THE BATTLE OF THE BOYNE English Protestants settled in Ulster The war broke out in 1690: English Protestants were supported by William of Orange; Irish Catholics helped by James II
7THE IRISH PEOPLE CONTINUED ASKING FOR INDIPENDENCE
8THE ACT OF UNION Fare clic per modificare stili del testo dello schema Approved on 2th July 1800The Act gave origin to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland that came into effect on 1st January 1801The Anglican Church became the official one.Fare clic per modificare stili del testo dello schemaSecondo livelloTerzo livelloQuarto livelloQuinto livello
9HOME RULE In 1845-46 Irish asked for Home Rule In 1905 the Home Rule Party was founded and called Sinn FeinnIn 1916 uprising in Dublin
10THE EASTER RISINGIn the same year, the Irish Republicans led the Easter RisingThe aims were: the end of British rule in Ireland and the establishment of Irish RepublicanThe bloody and the born of IRA (Irish Republican Army)
11THE IRISH WAR OF INDIPENDENCE British Government VS IRAOutbreak of war in January 1919, ended in 1921Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1921
12THE BATTLE OF DUBLIN The Battle lasted from 28 June to 5 July 1922. It marked the beginning of the Irish Civil War, which ended in 1923.
13Fare clic per modificare stili del testo dello schema Secondo livelloTerzo livelloQuarto livelloQuinto livelloMICHAEL COLLINS ( )Considered by many Irish politicians one of the founder of the Irish State, he was an revolutionary leader, who died during the Civil War.
14THE BIRTH OF EIREThe Irish Free State is renamed EIRE (the Gaelic name of Ireland).The Constitution of Ireland came into force.Ireland was not a Republic yet.
15REPUBLIC OF IRELAND 1948 Republic of Ireland Act. 1949 Ireland became officially a Republic.1955 Ireland joined the United Nations.
16FROM THE REPUBLIC IRELAND UNTIL TODAY The Troubles with the Ulster were not solved.The birth of UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force).The UVF organized many attacks.The Battle of the Bogside (12-14 August 1969).Sunningdale Agreement in 1972.Refuse of Sunningdale Agreement and successive huge strikes.Ceasefires in 1994 between Loyalist and Republican paramilitaries.
17FROM THE REPUBLIC IRELAND UNTIL TODAY IRA continued to commit attacks.Good Friday Agreement in 1997 momentarily stopped the attacks.Nevertheless IRA keeped on dropping bombs.Today IRA lost its control over the nationalists and it is now just a small group of violents.