Presentation on theme: "The Jeffersonian By: Sam Worth, Mayaih Butler & Audrey Smith."— Presentation transcript:
The Jeffersonian By: Sam Worth, Mayaih Butler & Audrey Smith
Prompt The Jeffersonian-Federalist struggle over the judiciary—its causes, the main points of conflict, and the importance of the outcome for the future of the nation.
Jefferson In Power Jefferson’s inaugural address was conciliatory toward his opponents. He hoped to dismantle as much of the Federalist system as possible. In the Judicial system he wanted to abolish the Federal influence.
Jefferson in Power John Marshall headed the court when Jefferson was president, Marshal established the courts power to review laws of congress and the states. Jefferson pardoned all those imprisoned under the Sedition Act Sedition Act: An act for punishment of certain crimes against the U.S.A it was approved July 14 th, 1789
Jefferson in Power Jefferson reduced the number of government employees and slashed the army and navy. Jefferson abolished all taxis except tariff Jefferson aimed to abolish the federal power and eliminate government oversight of the economy.
Judicial Review John Marshall’s Supreme Courts established the Court’s power to review laws of Congress and of the states. Judicial review: the Supreme Court’s right to determine whether an act of congress violates the constitution.
Judicial Review Marbury V. Madison (1803) established the repeal of the courts power of judicial review relative to federal laws. Adams had appointed many justices of the peace for D.C., then Madison Jefferson’s secretary of state refused to issue commissions for them.
Marbury one of the four judges, sued for their offices. Marshall’s decision declared unconstitutional the section of the judiciary act of the 1789 and that allowed the courts to order executive officials to deliver judges commissions.
Judicial Review Fletcher V. Peck (1810) court extended judicial review to state laws. In 1794 four land companies had paid almost every member in the states legislature, 2 U.S> senators, and some federal Judges to secure their right to purchase land in present day Alabama at a large profit Two years later many of the corrupt law- makers were defeated in the new legislature 2 repealed the land grand and subsequent sales.
The Effects The Supreme Courts gained the power to review laws created by congress and the states. The historical impact: We use judicial review in modern day in important day such as Row vs. wade and the supreme court choose what’s legal and what’s not.