Presentation on theme: "5-1: Jefferson Takes Office"— Presentation transcript:
1 5-1: Jefferson Takes Office Jefferson’s goal was to limit the power of the federal government.
2 Federalists vs. Republicans Thomas Jefferson was a Republican Anticipatory SetFederalists vs. RepublicansRemember that the Federalists wanted a powerful central government, while Republicans felt it should have less power.Thomas Jefferson was a Republican
3 California StandardsSocial Studies Standard 8.4.2: Explain the policy significance of famous speeches (e.g., Jefferson’s Inaugural Address)
4 Inputlaissez faire: the government should not interfere in the economy.judicial review: the authority of the Supreme Court to strike down unconstitutional laws.
5 Republicans Take Charge Input & ModelingRepublicans Take ChargeAfter a bitter election campaign, Thomas Jefferson used his inaugural address to try to bring opposing sides together.In the Election of 1800, Jefferson received 73 electoral votes as did Aaron Burr, his running mate.The House of Representatives took 6 days and 36 votes to finally select Jefferson.To avoid this situation in the future, Congress passed the 12th Amendment in 1804.
6 Jefferson Charts a New Course Input & ModelingJefferson Charts a New CourseAs President, Thomas Jefferson’s main goal was to limit the federal government’s power over states and citizens.Jefferson was the first President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C., the new capital.He believed the federal government was too involved in economic affairs, so he implemented a “laissez faire”, or “let alone” policy.Jefferson fired all tax collectors and cut the number of U.S. diplomats.
7 Jefferson Charts a New Course Input & ModelingJefferson Charts a New CourseAs President, Thomas Jefferson’s main goal was to limit the federal government’s power over states and citizens.Jefferson reduced the army by nearly 40%.He eliminated all federal taxes inside the country.Jefferson ordered fines refunded to those punished under the Sedition Act.Those imprisoned under the Sedition Act were released.
8 Goals and Policies of Thomas Jefferson InputGoals and Policies of Thomas JeffersonCut the number of government employees.Shrink the military.Pay off more state debts using federal money.Jefferson’s “Revolution of 1800”Reduce government expenses to reduce federal power.Ease party disputesEliminate all federal taxes.Allow many Federalists to keep their government jobs.
9 Supreme Court and Judicial Review InputSupreme Court and Judicial ReviewThe Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison established the principle of judicial review.John Adams appointed Judge William Marbury and other judges in the last hours before he left office.The Republicans argued these appointments were aimed at maintaining Federalist power, and Jefferson ordered James Madison to cease work on the appointments.Marbury sued Madison, citing the Judiciary Act of 1789.
10 Supreme Court and Judicial Review InputSupreme Court and Judicial ReviewThe Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison established the principle of judicial review.Chief Justice John Marshall spoke for a unanimous Court, ruling the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional.The Court’s decision established judicial review, the authority of the Supreme Court to strike down unconstitutional laws.
11 Check for Understanding Who decided the presidential election of 1800?The House of RepresentativesWhat action did Jefferson take to help those convicted under the Sedition Act?Refunded the fines and released any prisoners.
12 Guided Practice Independent Practice Answer Finish the worksheet. #1 & 2,IndependentPracticeFinish theworksheet.ed5. government
13 HOMEWORK EXTENSIONWrite a detailed SUMMARY of the section and complete the UNANSWERED QUESTIONS section of your notes.Choose two of the remaining Depth & Complexity ICONS in your notes and explain how they relate to this section.