Presentation on theme: "Thomas Jefferson and the Supreme Court"— Presentation transcript:
1Thomas Jefferson and the Supreme Court Goals and Policies of Jefferson, Marbury v. Madison
2Jefferson’s Leadership Style Wanted to make the government more democratic - ensuring that all people have the same rightsWas very informalMajor goalsReduce the size of the governmentReconcile party differences
3Reduce Government Size Reduced the federal budget through careful managementPromoted laissez-faire policies in economicsLaissez-faire (let alone) economics means that they are in favor of a free market where goods and services are exchanged with little regulation (Adam Smith)Would benefit everyone, not just the wealthyDecreased the size of government departmentsReduced the size of the armed forcesAsked Congress to repeal (get ride of) the whiskey taxLet the Alien and Sedition Acts expire
4Reconcile Party Differences – Kept these Federalist Ideas Bank of the United StatesContinued to pay off state debts using federal taxesAllowed many Federalists to keep their government jobs
5Pair- Share QuestionWhich of these goals and policies that you wrote down might still be issues today? Why?
6Strengthening the Supreme Court While Republicans gained control of Congress, the Federalists remained powerful in the courts due to John Adams appointmentsChief Justice - John Marshall (Federalist)Marshall said that while the courts were supposed to balance the powers of the President and Congress, it was not clear what powers the courts had
7Marbury v. MadisonSummary - On the last night of his presidency John Adams appointed a judge to the Supreme Court named William Marbury. The Republicans refused to accept this judge and Thomas Jefferson ordered Secretary of State James Madison not to deliver the official papers. Marbury then sued Madison because the papers were not delivered. Because of the Judiciary Act of 1789, only the Supreme Court could decide a case brought against a federal official.
8The Decision The Supreme Court ruled against Marbury Does NOT become a justiceRuled the Judiciary Act was unconstitutionalThe argument was that the Constitution did not give the Supreme Court the right to decide cases brought against the Federal officials (ruling on a law)Set an important precedentGave the Supreme Court the power to decide whether laws passed by Congress were constitutional and to reject laws considered unconstitutional called judicial review
9ReactionsJefferson was upset by the decision because while they ruled against Marbury, the decision gave more power to the Supreme CourtHe argued it upset the balance of powerThe President and Congress accepted the Supreme Court’s right to overturn laws.
10Venn DiagramComplete a Venn Diagram comparing and contrasting Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall.