Presentation on theme: "Thomas Jefferson and the Supreme Court Goals and Policies of Jefferson, Marbury v. Madison."— Presentation transcript:
Thomas Jefferson and the Supreme Court Goals and Policies of Jefferson, Marbury v. Madison
Jefferson’s Leadership Style n Wanted to make the government more democratic - ensuring that all people have the same rights n Was very informal n Major goals 1. Reduce the size of the government 2. Reconcile party differences
Reduce Government Size 1. Reduced the federal budget through careful management 2. Promoted laissez-faire policies in economics 1. Laissez-faire (let alone) economics means that they are in favor of a free market where goods and services are exchanged with little regulation (Adam Smith) 2. Would benefit everyone, not just the wealthy 3. Decreased the size of government departments 4. Reduced the size of the armed forces 5. Asked Congress to repeal (get ride of) the whiskey tax 6. Let the Alien and Sedition Acts expire
Reconcile Party Differences – Kept these Federalist Ideas n Bank of the United States n Continued to pay off state debts using federal taxes n Allowed many Federalists to keep their government jobs
Pair- Share Question n Which of these goals and policies that you wrote down might still be issues today? Why?
Strengthening the Supreme Court n While Republicans gained control of Congress, the Federalists remained powerful in the courts due to John Adams appointments n Chief Justice - John Marshall (Federalist) – Marshall said that while the courts were supposed to balance the powers of the President and Congress, it was not clear what powers the courts had
Marbury v. Madison n Summary - On the last night of his presidency John Adams appointed a judge to the Supreme Court named William Marbury. The Republicans refused to accept this judge and Thomas Jefferson ordered Secretary of State James Madison not to deliver the official papers. Marbury then sued Madison because the papers were not delivered. Because of the Judiciary Act of 1789, only the Supreme Court could decide a case brought against a federal official.
n The Supreme Court ruled against Marbury – Does NOT become a justice n Ruled the Judiciary Act was unconstitutional – The argument was that the Constitution did not give the Supreme Court the right to decide cases brought against the Federal officials (ruling on a law) n Set an important precedent – Gave the Supreme Court the power to decide whether laws passed by Congress were constitutional and to reject laws considered unconstitutional called judicial review The Decision
Reactions n Jefferson was upset by the decision because while they ruled against Marbury, the decision gave more power to the Supreme Court – He argued it upset the balance of power n The President and Congress accepted the Supreme Court’s right to overturn laws.
Venn Diagram n Complete a Venn Diagram comparing and contrasting Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall.