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Agenda Recap & Update From Juvenal to Petronius The World of the Satyricon Morality and Society Under Nero Petronius 1 Immoral Morality Discussion What.

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Presentation on theme: "Agenda Recap & Update From Juvenal to Petronius The World of the Satyricon Morality and Society Under Nero Petronius 1 Immoral Morality Discussion What."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Agenda Recap & Update From Juvenal to Petronius The World of the Satyricon Morality and Society Under Nero Petronius 1 Immoral Morality Discussion What Would Petronius Think? 6-Nov 2013Petronius2

3 Recap & Update From Juvenal to Petronius

4 Holt Parker’s “Teratogenic Grid” Holt Parker. “The Teratogenic Grid.” Roman Sexualities. Eds. Judith P. Hallett, and Marilyn B. Skinner. Princeton: Princeton University Press, –65. Print.

5 Impure Mouths, Words in Petronius LatinEnglish os, orisMouth (cf. “oral”) oratorspeaker, orator oratiospeech, oration, rhetoric os impurum mouth defiled by sex or excessive eating cuius ne spiritus quidem purus est. “Even your breath stinks of buggery!” (p. 26) grandis et ut ita dicam pudica oratio non est maculosa nec turgida, sed naturali pulchritudine exsurgit. (1.6) “No, great language is chaste language – if you’ll let me use a word like chaste in this connection – not turgitity and worked up purple patches.” (p. 22)

6 Masculinity in Petronius? (Phileros on old Chrysanthus) “And you know how old he was when he died? Seventy and then some. But carried it beautifully, hard as nails (corneolus) … he was horny (salax), right to the end. By god, I’ll bet he even pestered the dog. Boys were what he really liked (pullarius erat), but he wasn’t choosy: he’d jump anything with legs.” (pp. 51–52)

7 Rome and the Monstrous Barton, Carlin A. The Sorrows of the Ancient Romans: The Gladiator and the Monster. Princeton: Princeton University Press, A gladiator fights his own phallus. (1st-cent. CE Wind-chime from Pompeii)

8 Matrimonial Ideology Maritalis affectio, adfectio coniugalis Univira Reverentia, obsequium Concordia, consortium, societas Treggiari, Susan. Roman Marriage: Iusti Coniuges from the Time of Cicero to the Time of Ulpian. Oxford and New York: Clarendon Press; Oxford University Press, Print. 6-Nov 2013Petronius8

9 Sexual-Social Ideology/Law Lex scantinia (149 BCE) Augustan marriage legislation Lex iulia et papia (18 BCE, 9 CE) Lex iulia de adulteriis coercendis (9CE) McGinn, Thomas A. Prostitution, Sexuality, and the Law in Ancient Rome. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, Print. 6-Nov 2013Petronius9

10 Juvenal: Structure, Theme 2 Hypocritical moralists Philosophers Cinaedic cinaedus-bashers Imperial reformer Pathic lawyer Lex iulia et papia Roman contagion 6 Misogyny gone wild Pudicitia’s loss Matrimonial folly Gallery of women Impure maids Lust for infamia Imperial prostitute Imperious wives Adulterous wives etc. etc. 6-Nov 2013Petronius10

11 The World of the Satyricon Morality and Society Under Nero

12 Petronius and Nero Nero (Nero Claudius Caesar) r Philhellene artiste Petronius arbiter elegantiae (overseer of entertainments) suicide, 65 CE Satyricon (episodic novel) Nero 6-Nov 2013Petronius12

13 Puteoli Pompeii Naples Croton

14 Terentius Neo and Wife, Archaeological Museum, Naples

15 Cave canem, “Beware of the dog!” - Pompeii

16 House of the Vettii Peristyle GardenLarge Dining Room (triclinium)

17 House of the Vettii, Pompeii Vestibule (Priapus) Peristyle Garden (Priapus) Peristyle Garden Atrium Large Dining Room (triclinium)

18 Priapus, House of the Vettii. What do you see?

19 Petronius 1 Immoral Morality

20 Satyricon: Theme and Layout Three “fratres” (brothers) Encolpius Ascyltus Giton Priapic bipolarity excess Trimalchio’s feast depletion Quartilla’s orgy Encolpius’ impotence Artistic decadence? Priapus 6-Nov 2013Petronius20

21 Satyricon: Plot Outline Lost text Encolpius & … Lycurgus (?) Encolpius gladiator kills Lycurgus lanista Lichas (Enc’s affair w/ wife) Tryphaena (theft of Giton) “Brothers” & Quartilla offense vs. Priapus Preserved text “Bros.’ ” Oratory, escapades about town Reunion w/ Quartilla Priapic offense atoned for? Dinner w/ Trimalchio Preserved text (cont.) Eumolpus & “bros.” Pergamene boy Shipboard reunion w/ Lichas, Tryphaena widow of Ephesus theft of Isis’ gear shipwreck Con in Croton Encolpius’ impotence w/ Circe w/ Oenothea Philomela lena Eumolpus’ will

22 Discussion What Would Petronius Think?

23 The Author’s Complaint… “Then why … must every nagging prude … denounce my work as lewd? … I write of every human act / admitted to be true. … Let prudes … heed … Epicurus …, that … pleasure is the goal of all….” (pp )

24 Discussion 6-Nov 2013Petronius24


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