Presentation on theme: "POMPEII A town destroyed by Vesuvius on August 24 th /25 th AD 79 Peter Mountford PhD Student University of Melbourne."— Presentation transcript:
POMPEII A town destroyed by Vesuvius on August 24 th /25 th AD 79 Peter Mountford PhD Student University of Melbourne
An Overview of the Lecture My personal experiences and impressions. Ancient literary sources. The character of the region and the town. A brief history of the excavations. Problems facing the archaeologists. The exhibition itself. Daily life in Pompeii.
Bay of Naples, Italy Misenum Cumae Herculaneum Pompeii Stabiae Baiae Naples Vesuvius Sorrento Capri Ischia Positano
Earliest signs of occupation seem to date from C7th/6 th BC. Origins may be Oscan (local Italian people), Etruscan or Greek with Samnite participation. Earliest part of the town in SW corner. A flourishing town by late C3rd BC. Loyal to Rome during Hannibals invasion. Fought against Rome in the Social Wars 91-88 BC.
Besieged by Sulla and forced to surrender. Spared from destruction. Became a Roman colony – Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeiana. Governed by duumvirs and a town council. Damaged by an earthquake in AD 62. Rebuilding still in progress when the town was buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79.