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POMPEII A town destroyed by Vesuvius on August 24 th /25 th AD 79 Peter Mountford PhD Student University of Melbourne.

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Presentation on theme: "POMPEII A town destroyed by Vesuvius on August 24 th /25 th AD 79 Peter Mountford PhD Student University of Melbourne."— Presentation transcript:

1 POMPEII A town destroyed by Vesuvius on August 24 th /25 th AD 79 Peter Mountford PhD Student University of Melbourne

2 An Overview of the Lecture My personal experiences and impressions. Ancient literary sources. The character of the region and the town. A brief history of the excavations. Problems facing the archaeologists. The exhibition itself. Daily life in Pompeii.

3 Bay of Naples, Italy Misenum Cumae Herculaneum Pompeii Stabiae Baiae Naples Vesuvius Sorrento Capri Ischia Positano

4 Vesuvius and its surrounds

5 Wall-painting of Vesuvius

6 Oplontis – Villa of Poppaea

7 Oplontis – reception room

8 Herculaneum

9 Herculaneum - street

10 Herculaneum – House of the Beautiful Courtyard

11 Pompeii

12

13 Wall-painting – harbour of Pompeii

14 Earliest signs of occupation seem to date from C7th/6 th BC. Origins may be Oscan (local Italian people), Etruscan or Greek with Samnite participation. Earliest part of the town in SW corner. A flourishing town by late C3rd BC. Loyal to Rome during Hannibals invasion. Fought against Rome in the Social Wars BC.

15 Besieged by Sulla and forced to surrender. Spared from destruction. Became a Roman colony – Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeiana. Governed by duumvirs and a town council. Damaged by an earthquake in AD 62. Rebuilding still in progress when the town was buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79.

16 House of the Fugitives

17 Some of the fugitives

18 More of the same

19 Ibid - Casts of dog and wild boar

20 Victim of the eruption in the storeroom by the forum

21 Victim in the macellum

22 House of M Lucretius Fronto – Wall- painting of Mars and Venus

23 House of the Ceii

24 Caecilius

25 Pompeii

26 Pompeian street

27 Large theatre

28 Small theatre or odeon

29 Gladiators barracks and training ground

30 Amphitheatre with Vesuvius in the background

31 Amphitheatre

32 Wall-painting – Riot in the amphitheatre in AD 59

33 Palaestra – exercise area

34 Palaestra and swimming pool

35 Bar - thermopolium

36 Temple of Apollo

37 Apollo

38 Forum baths

39 Stucco ceiling in the Forum baths

40 Brothel

41 Bakery of Modestus

42 Wall painting - bakery

43 Carbonized loaf

44 Wall-painting - builders

45 Marble plaque – metal workers

46 Weights and measures

47 Writing implements

48 Silver dinnerware

49 Ladys wood and ivory vanity box

50 Pompeii

51 Houses of Octavius Quartio/Loreius Tiburtinus, Venus and Julia Felix

52 House of Loreius Tiburtinus - terrace

53 House of Loreius Tiburtinus – outside dining room - Narcissus

54 House of Loreius Tiburtinus - garden

55 House of Loreius Tiburtinus – terrace and fountain

56 House of Loreius Tiburtinus

57 House of Venus – garden peristyle

58 House of Venus – the painting which gives it its name

59 House of Venus

60 Beware of the dog – House of the Tragic Poet

61 House of the Faun

62 Atrium and impluvium of House of the Faun with the statue which gives it its name

63 The Faun

64 Alexander mosaic

65 House of the Vettii

66 House of the Vettii - Priapus

67 House of the Vettii - Lararium

68 House of the Vettii - kitchen

69 House of the Vettii

70

71

72

73 House of the Vettii – reception room

74 House of the Vettii – dining room – cupids racing chariots

75 Ibid – cupids working in perfumery

76 Ibid – cupids working as flower-sellers

77 House of the Vettii – reception room

78

79 House of Vettii – peristyle garden

80 ibid

81

82 Hose of the Vettii – peristyle garden

83 Herculaneum gate, street of tombs, Villas of Diomede and Mysteries

84 Villa of the Mysteries

85 Room of the Mysteries

86

87


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