Cpl. Beth Clodfelter GTCC Police Department 336-334-4822 x-52529
January Is Human Trafficking Awareness month In 2012, North Carolina proclaimed January as Human Trafficking month to bring greater awareness and reporting of human trafficking. In 2012, President Obama recognized January as National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month. January is also the month in which the Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves during the Civil War.
Types of Trafficking There are three types of trafficking: - Labor trafficking -Domestic servitude - Domestic servitude is a special category of labor trafficking: the plight of domestic workers such as maids, servants, housekeepers, child-care givers, those caring for the elderly, the ill, and the infirm. In many instances, some of these duties may overlap. -Sex trafficking
The Making of a Girl http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZvnRYte3PA k&noredirect=1 (Copy and paste in browser if link doesn’t work)
Fraud, Force and/or Coercion Under Federal and State law, both labor trafficking and adult sex trafficking involve the use of fraud, force or coercion to recruit or control victims. Traffickers often physically force victims to work or engage in commercial sex, defraud them with false promises of legal work, or coerce them through brainwashing and violence. Because minors are vulnerable and cannot consent to sex, they can be exploited in sex traffic even without actual fraud, force of coercion.
Labor Trafficking Over 12 million people worldwide are trafficked in forced labor, domestic servitude, and debt bondage; at least 500,000 of them are in Europe and the United States.
Human Trafficking Trafficking is a $32 Billion industry that treats people as property to be used and reused over and over again. Traffickers lure and control victims through force, fraud, or coercion, or minors’ increased vulnerability. Trafficking is profitable because there is global demand for cheap slave labor in many industries, ranging from coffee and cocoa production to prostitution and pornography. Human trafficking is already the second or third largest criminal enterprise worldwide and is now the fastest growing. Human trafficking is extremely profitable because, unlike contraband that can be sold only once, each human being can be sold numerous times.
North Carolina According to federal reports, NORTH CAROLINA ranks as the eighth most likely place in the nation for human trafficking to occur. The U.S. is ranked as the third largest destination country (a country into which victims are trafficked). Hundreds of thousands of U.S. citizens are trafficked within the U.S. each year. North Carolina’s multiple highways, isolated rural areas, and existing gang networks facilitate the supply of trafficking victims; its agricultural industry, tourist destinations, and military installations facilitate some of the demand.
From Place to Place http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oSrx- SRbnHg (Copy and paste in browser if link doesn’t work)
Recruiting Most pimps recruit victims by targeting vulnerable individuals, then posing as loving caretakers who can meet victims’ needs for love and financial support. Others may kidnap victims or adopt them through social service agencies. Labor traffickers target refugees, immigrants, and low-income individuals and recruit them with false promises of paid work.
Grooming To break down victims’ resistance to engaging in prostitution, pimps “groom” victims by building their trust, then convincing them prostitution is normal or will show their love. Traffickers also groom victims through physical and emotional abuse, rape, confinement, deprivation, isolation, and elaborate mind control techniques (such as controlling victims’ smallest decisions and forcing them to abandon their identities). Pimps control victims by continuing this abuse and manipulation.
Foster Care Foster care children are especially vulnerable to sex trafficking because the vast majority has already been abused, neglected, or treated as a source of income by family figures. 50-95% of sex trafficking victims have already been in foster care.
Homeless Youth Between 100,000 and 300,000 minors in the U.S. are at risk of being trafficked into commercial sexual exploitation. (E.g., U.S. Department of State; Polaris) Homeless youths are typically approached by a pimp within the first 48 hours of being on the streets. Pimps target these children, who typically have no means of support. Between 40-70% of homeless youth engage in prostitution for survival. Approximately 75% percent of all sex trafficking victims have been homeless.
What I Have Been Through Is Not Who I Am http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BmmRTjoL3 R0 (Copy and paste in browser if link doesn’t work)
Effects of Technology & Social Media Traffickers use technology to recruit victims through social networking websites (Facebook, Twitter) and communicate with purchasers through online ads and dating websites (Backpage, PlentyofFish). The website Backpage.com carries approximately 70% of all online prostitution ads in the US.
Vulnerability Factors The factors that make people most vulnerable to being trafficked are: -Being young -Low income -Female -Previously abused -Refugees -In need of work abroad
Types of Traffickers The most common profile of a trafficker is a male who traffics people within his own country, but traffickers include males and females operating as pimps, brothel owners, business owners, and members of gangs or international criminal organizations.
Gangs As criminal gangs have grown in number and size, they have become increasingly involved in trafficking as another profitable illegal enterprise.
Sex Offenders In 2013, North Carolina SB 122 became law, mandating that all convicted sex traffickers register as sex offenders.
Safe Harbor Like other states’ Safe Harbor Laws, North Carolina’s Safe Harbor Act focuses on helping victims and prosecuting traffickers. North Carolina’s new Safe Harbor Act lets victims recover lost wages from their traffickers and erase criminal records from being sex trafficked as minors. The Act increases punishments and prevents purchasers from claiming either that a minor prostitute consented or that they did not know a minor prostitute’s age.
Shaniya’s Law Shaniya’s Law, passed in honor of child trafficking victim Shaniya Davis, makes it a state felony and a potential sex registry offense to sell, surrender, or buy a minor child.
Shaniya’s Law http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QBPycCbcBZ U (Copy and paste in browser if link doesn’t work)
Boys and Men Approximately 20-46% of all trafficking victims are male. The average age of boys first being sex trafficked is 11-13 years old.
Everybody 27 million men, women and children are held in modern-day slavery around the world.
Who drives the demand? Approximately 1 in 5 or 6 men in the U.S. admits to having paid for sex. These purchasers drive demand and come from all socioeconomic, racial, and educational backgrounds; almost half are married.
Get Involved! If you suspect it, report it. Be an advocate, volunteer… **DO NOT BE A BYSTANDER**
Report Human Trafficking Crimes to your Local Police Department OR GTCC PD @ 334-4822 x-52529
OR Greensboro Crime$toppers @ 373-1000 OR High Point Crime$toppers @ 889-4000 **DO NOT BE A BYSTANDER**
Contact GTCC Counseling Services at 336-334-4822 x- 50038 if you are in need of assistance