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What is trafficking? Is it slavery? Human trafficking involves the movement of people through violence, deception or coercion for the purpose of forced.

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Presentation on theme: "What is trafficking? Is it slavery? Human trafficking involves the movement of people through violence, deception or coercion for the purpose of forced."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is trafficking? Is it slavery? Human trafficking involves the movement of people through violence, deception or coercion for the purpose of forced labour, servitude or slavery-like practices. It is slavery because traffickers use violence, threats, and other forms of coercion to force their victims to work against their will. This includes controlling their freedom of movement, where and when they will work and what pay, if any, they will receive. Human trafficking involves the movement of people through violence, deception or coercion for the purpose of forced labour, servitude or slavery-like practices. It is slavery because traffickers use violence, threats, and other forms of coercion to force their victims to work against their will. This includes controlling their freedom of movement, where and when they will work and what pay, if any, they will receive.

2 Types of Violence Direct Political Structural Symbolic Everyday Direct Political Structural Symbolic Everyday

3 Why?

4 A Trafficker in Benin

5 Where is trafficking found? Trafficking is a global problem affecting every continent and most countries. It occurs within and across national borders and ranks as one of the most lucrative forms of international crime.

6 How many people are trafficked?  It is impossible to know and statistics are difficult to obtain because trafficking is an underground activity. A US Government report published in 2004, estimates that 600, ,000 people worldwide are trafficked across borders each year. This figure does not include those who are trafficked internally.  Hundreds of women and children are trafficked each year to the UK. Research carried out for the Home Office in 2000 estimates that in one year, between 142 and 1,420 women are trafficked into the country; the figure may be higher as the research was based solely on reported cases.  It is impossible to know and statistics are difficult to obtain because trafficking is an underground activity. A US Government report published in 2004, estimates that 600, ,000 people worldwide are trafficked across borders each year. This figure does not include those who are trafficked internally.  Hundreds of women and children are trafficked each year to the UK. Research carried out for the Home Office in 2000 estimates that in one year, between 142 and 1,420 women are trafficked into the country; the figure may be higher as the research was based solely on reported cases.

7 Child Prostitutes  India Today reports that India in 1991 had between 400,000 and 500,000 child prostitutues. Virgin girls bring the highest prices  Brazil is reported to have 200,000 adolescent prostitutes  The US and Canada are reported as having between 100,000 and 300,.000 child prostitutes  India Today reports that India in 1991 had between 400,000 and 500,000 child prostitutues. Virgin girls bring the highest prices  Brazil is reported to have 200,000 adolescent prostitutes  The US and Canada are reported as having between 100,000 and 300,.000 child prostitutes

8 Are only women trafficked?  No, men, women and children are all victims of trafficking; although the majority are women and children.

9 Why are people trafficked? Is it a new problem? What causes it?  The trafficking in human beings is not new. But it is a rapidly growing problem. A number of factors have led to its expansion, such as the easy profits made from exploitation; growing deprivation and marginalisation of the poor; discrimination against women; restrictive migration laws; a lack of information about the realities and dangers of trafficking and insufficient penalties against traffickers.

10 What work is Anti-Slavery International doing on this issue?  In November 2001, Anti-Slavery International launched its campaign against human trafficking. We aim to draw attention to this global problem and call for national and international policy changes that will penalise traffickers, protect trafficked people's rights and address the root causes.  Anti-Slavery International is also working to promote legislative and judicial policy changes which will help both to prosecute traffickers and protect the rights of the person trafficked. It is crucial that those who are trafficked are treated as the victims of a human rights violation and not as illegal migrants  In November 2001, Anti-Slavery International launched its campaign against human trafficking. We aim to draw attention to this global problem and call for national and international policy changes that will penalise traffickers, protect trafficked people's rights and address the root causes.  Anti-Slavery International is also working to promote legislative and judicial policy changes which will help both to prosecute traffickers and protect the rights of the person trafficked. It is crucial that those who are trafficked are treated as the victims of a human rights violation and not as illegal migrants

11 Rape Statistics  Around the world at least I women in 3 has been beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused in her lifetime. Most often the abuser is a member of her own family. (John Hopkins School of Public Health 2000)  An estimated 91% of victims of rape are female, 9% are male and 99% of offenders are male. (Bureau of Justice Statistics 1999)  77% of rapes are committed by someone known to the person raped. (Bureau of Justice Statistics 1997)  According to the National Crime Victimization Survey there were an estimated 248,000 rapes and sexual assaults against victims over the age of 12 in the US in (US Department of Justice)  According to the National Victim Center, 683,000 women are raped each year. (1992)  Only 2% of rapists are convicted and imprisoned. (US Senate Judiciary Committee 1993)  Around the world at least I women in 3 has been beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused in her lifetime. Most often the abuser is a member of her own family. (John Hopkins School of Public Health 2000)  An estimated 91% of victims of rape are female, 9% are male and 99% of offenders are male. (Bureau of Justice Statistics 1999)  77% of rapes are committed by someone known to the person raped. (Bureau of Justice Statistics 1997)  According to the National Crime Victimization Survey there were an estimated 248,000 rapes and sexual assaults against victims over the age of 12 in the US in (US Department of Justice)  According to the National Victim Center, 683,000 women are raped each year. (1992)  Only 2% of rapists are convicted and imprisoned. (US Senate Judiciary Committee 1993)

12 More Rape Statistics  93% of women and 86% of men who were raped and/or physically assaulted since the age of 18 were assaulted by a male. (National Violence Against Women Survey, 1998)  Among female rape victims, 61% are under age 18. (American Academy of Pediatrics, 1995)  22% of females raped are under the age of 12 years; 32% are years old; 29% years old; 17% over 25 years old. 83% of those raped are under the age of 25 years old. (National Institute of Justice 1998) In a study of 6,000 students at 32 colleges in the US, 1 in 4 women had been the victims of rape or attempted rape. (Warshaw 1994)   93% of women and 86% of men who were raped and/or physically assaulted since the age of 18 were assaulted by a male. (National Violence Against Women Survey, 1998)  Among female rape victims, 61% are under age 18. (American Academy of Pediatrics, 1995)  22% of females raped are under the age of 12 years; 32% are years old; 29% years old; 17% over 25 years old. 83% of those raped are under the age of 25 years old. (National Institute of Justice 1998) In a study of 6,000 students at 32 colleges in the US, 1 in 4 women had been the victims of rape or attempted rape. (Warshaw 1994) 

13 Is Pornography Violence?  Net Ratings says that in April 2001, there were 22.9 million unique visitors to porn sites. This says nothing about how long each visitor stayed or whether they spent a dime. In any event, the number of visitors is less than the number who visited news sites (41.1 million), finance sites (34.2 million) or greeting card sites (25.5 million).

14 The Business of Porn  Adult Video $500 million to $1.8 billion  Internet $1 billion  Pay-Per-View $128 million  Magazines $1 billion  Total $2.6 billion to $3.9 billion Sources: Adams Media Research, Forrester Research, Veronis Suhler Communications Industry Report, IVD  Adult Video $500 million to $1.8 billion  Internet $1 billion  Pay-Per-View $128 million  Magazines $1 billion  Total $2.6 billion to $3.9 billion Sources: Adams Media Research, Forrester Research, Veronis Suhler Communications Industry Report, IVD

15 Child Labor  120 million children between ages of 5 and 14 are working full time  In Africa, 40% of all children 5-14 work for pay  120 million children between ages of 5 and 14 are working full time  In Africa, 40% of all children 5-14 work for pay


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