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PROVERBS 31:8-9 “Speak up for people who cannot speak for themselves. Protect the rights of all who are helpless. Speak for them and be a righteous judge.

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Presentation on theme: "PROVERBS 31:8-9 “Speak up for people who cannot speak for themselves. Protect the rights of all who are helpless. Speak for them and be a righteous judge."— Presentation transcript:

1 PROVERBS 31:8-9 “Speak up for people who cannot speak for themselves. Protect the rights of all who are helpless. Speak for them and be a righteous judge. Protect the rights of the

2 MODERN DAY SLAVERY There are more slaves today than there were when slavery was legal There are more than 27 million slaves in the world today

3 What is Human Trafficking? Human Trafficking is the process of recruitment and transportation of people by means of deception or force for the purpose of exploitation for MONEY This exploitation most commonly involves: forced prostitution (biggest part) forced prostitution (biggest part) victims are also trafficked for bonded labour also child victims are also trafficked for bonded labour also child labour ( factories, coffee and cacao plantations) labour ( factories, coffee and cacao plantations) domestic servitude, (house servants) domestic servitude, (house servants) organs, organs, body parts for “muti” (witchdoctors) body parts for “muti” (witchdoctors) “ukuthwala”, (the forced marriage of girls as young as 12 to adult men) million African women aged 20 to 24 in 2010 were married as young girls (UN Population Fund) “ukuthwala”, (the forced marriage of girls as young as 12 to adult men) million African women aged 20 to 24 in 2010 were married as young girls (UN Population Fund) drug trafficking drug trafficking Pornography – huge business (hand in hand with prostitution) Pornography – huge business (hand in hand with prostitution)

4 GLOBAL REPORT 2014 on TRAFFICKING in PERSONS by the UNITED NATIONS OFFICE on DRUGS and CRIME (UNODOC) This Report provides new information on a crime that shames us all. Based on data gathered from 155 countries, it offers the first global assessment of the scope of human trafficking and what is being done to fight it. It includes: An overview of trafficking patterns; An overview of trafficking patterns; Legal steps taken in response; Legal steps taken in response; Country-specific information on reported cases of trafficking in persons, victims, and prosecutions. Country-specific information on reported cases of trafficking in persons, victims, and prosecutions.

5 STATISTICS GLOBALLY: GLOBALLY: Sex trafficking is the second largest source of income for organized crime worldwide (United Nations) - NEXT TO DRUGS AND WEAPONS 2 to 4 Million people are victims of trafficking at any given time. (International Labour Organization) any given time. (International Labour Organization) Most trafficking victims are girls between 5 to 15 Most trafficking victims are girls between 5 to 15 years of age. (UNICEF) years of age. (UNICEF) 1.2 Million children are trafficked each year (UNICEF). 1.2 Million children are trafficked each year (UNICEF). Half of those children are African (World Hope International, 2008) Half of those children are African (World Hope International, 2008) It is a business that makes 49 to 70 billion Rand It is a business that makes 49 to 70 billion Rand every year (United Nations) every year (United Nations)

6 SOUTH AFRICA South Africa is a human trafficking hotspot. It is a source, destination and transit country for trafficked victims.

7 SOUTH AFRICA Between Children are currently being prostituted in SA (National Centre for Justice and Rule of Law 2003) Between Children are currently being prostituted in SA (National Centre for Justice and Rule of Law 2003) Victims are often recruited from rural areas or informal settlements and transported to the urban centers of Johannesburg, Cape Town, Pretoria, Bloemfontein, and Durban. (IOM Report on Internal Trafficking in South Africa, 2008) Victims are often recruited from rural areas or informal settlements and transported to the urban centers of Johannesburg, Cape Town, Pretoria, Bloemfontein, and Durban. (IOM Report on Internal Trafficking in South Africa, 2008) Boys under eighteen are increasingly lured into sexual exploitation and used for pornography, selling drugs and pimping girls (IOM, 2008) Boys under eighteen are increasingly lured into sexual exploitation and used for pornography, selling drugs and pimping girls (IOM, 2008) West African crime syndicates operate in Pretoria, Port Elizabeth, Johannesburg, and Bloemfontein. They traffic local South African females into the sex trade locally and abroad. (IOM, 2008) West African crime syndicates operate in Pretoria, Port Elizabeth, Johannesburg, and Bloemfontein. They traffic local South African females into the sex trade locally and abroad. (IOM, 2008) The Eastern Cape, Mpumalanga and Limpopo are the main “recruitment” areas (IOM, US Aids, Die Burger) The Eastern Cape, Mpumalanga and Limpopo are the main “recruitment” areas (IOM, US Aids, Die Burger)

8 The 4 STAGES of Human Trafficking 1.Tricked They tell you a story that is too good to be true 1.Tricked - They tell you a story that is too good to be true 2Transported You are taken to an unknown 2. Transported - - You are taken to an unknown place place 3.Trapped You are held against your will and think that you 3.Trapped - You are held against your will and think that you cannot escape. Debt bondage and threats cannot escape. Debt bondage and threats force you to stay. force you to stay. Traded they make money out of you 4. Traded - they make money out of you

9 THE TRUTH THE TRUTH. It is not like the “Pretty Woman” movie in which Julia Roberts plays the part of the privileged prostitute and Richard Gere the millionaire who treats her like a lady No prostitute does it because it was her dream since she was a young girl to become a prostitute one day. Circumstances cause them to do it. Most of them have been abused as a child and thinks her body is only good for sex. When she closes the door, she does not know whether she will be dead, maimed, HIV or pregnant. Regardless of nationality, victims are systematically stripped of their identity, battered into gruesome submission, and made to perform humiliating sexual acts on up to 30 strangers every night. Regardless of nationality, victims are systematically stripped of their identity, battered into gruesome submission, and made to perform humiliating sexual acts on up to 30 strangers every night. Most are held in makeshift jail cells, forced to take heavy doses of illegal drugs, and monitored very closely. Most are held in makeshift jail cells, forced to take heavy doses of illegal drugs, and monitored very closely. On average, victims are thrown into such ghastly oppression at 13-years-old. On average, victims are thrown into such ghastly oppression at 13-years-old. Some are abducted outright, while others are lured out of poverty, romantically seduced, or sold by their families. Some are abducted outright, while others are lured out of poverty, romantically seduced, or sold by their families.

10 THE REALITY!!! In the world of prostitution, there are NOT ENOUGH women and children lining up in any particular area to meet the overwhelming demand for illicit sex. This is why women are trafficked into the trade, and why Human Trafficking is on course to become the most profitable industry for organized crime.

11 Missing Child

12 True stories 1. Job advertised on GUMTREE 2. Girls at taxi rank offered modeling job 3. Essay writing competition in High School by famous SA singer famous SA singer 4. Young woman in bad marriage 4. Young woman in bad marriage 5. Stranger after-school pick-up (password) 6. Soccer contract 7. Teen works as waitress- man becomes regular customer and “friend” 7. Teen works as waitress- man becomes regular customer and “friend”

13 GUMTREE Advertisement Receptionist/Masseuse position available 29/12/13 (Under Health and Beauty Jobs) City Centre, Cape Town Job Type: Full time Opening for a receptionist/masseuse in the CTCB area. Must have good telephonic skills Other training is provided Salary up to and over R11,000 p m Looking for someone to start a.s.a.p. for this full time position Please send a brief CV and recent picture of yourself. Visits: 244 on 7/01/14

14 Cape Times Job advertisement Adult Entertainment ads The advert appeared in Career Times as follows The advert appeared in Career Times as follows: TRAINEE MASSEUSES TRAINEE MASSEUSES Our city studio is looking for a presentable energetic and very open minded lady to join our team. Our city studio is looking for a presentable energetic and very open minded lady to join our team. Full training provided- to start immediately. Full training provided- to start immediately. No escorting involved (a lie!). R per month. (they are never registered as employees as law requires) No escorting involved (a lie!). R per month. (they are never registered as employees as law requires) CV + full length recent photo to CV + full length recent photo to

15 Pulling back the veil of the Commercial Sex Industry- 1. THE MASS MEDIA Pulling back the veil of the Commercial Sex Industry- 1. THE MASS MEDIA It has dramatically transformed our world The media’s “sex sells” agenda has been used to hyper -sexualize a generation. It has dramatically transformed our world The media’s “sex sells” agenda has been used to hyper -sexualize a generation. Women are presented as sexual objects, and Women are presented as sexual objects, and men as mindless, sex mongering beasts. men as mindless, sex mongering beasts. By media standards women are beautiful based on looking a certain way, dressing a certain way, and acting a certain way. By media standards women are beautiful based on looking a certain way, dressing a certain way, and acting a certain way. The media has redefined love, beauty, and intimacy, by glorifying and glamorizing irresponsible sex. The media has redefined love, beauty, and intimacy, by glorifying and glamorizing irresponsible sex. 92 porn magazines that I could find on internet 92 porn magazines that I could find on internet This widespread sensual influence has awakened an unprecedented demand for illicit sex This widespread sensual influence has awakened an unprecedented demand for illicit sex. The book “Fifty shades of Grey” that just sold its 100 millionth copy, is proof that illicit sex sells. The book “Fifty shades of Grey” that just sold its 100 millionth copy, is proof that illicit sex sells.

16 2. DEMAND 2. DEMAND Pornography is a 57 billion dollar per year industry. As long as there is access to pornography, there will be a demand for sex. It is the fastest growing commercial enterprise in the world. It is the fastest growing commercial enterprise in the world. Men are demanding sex with younger and younger girls, actualizing the pictures that they've seen even as a youth themselves, even in pornography. Men are demanding sex with younger and younger girls, actualizing the pictures that they've seen even as a youth themselves, even in pornography. ( Google Ted Bundy’s interview –Fatal addiction- by James Dobson) ( Google Ted Bundy’s interview –Fatal addiction- by James Dobson) So our children are being targeted by men ( sometimes women), usually someone they know, who sell them. If the men were not demanding the children, there would not be a victimized child. So our children are being targeted by men ( sometimes women), usually someone they know, who sell them. If the men were not demanding the children, there would not be a victimized child. Children are exposed to porn-latest is the “rape Game” played at schools- even in Grade R Children are exposed to porn-latest is the “rape Game” played at schools- even in Grade R

17 3. Organized Crime The seedy business of prostitution is run by organized crime. Nigerian syndicates dominate the commercial sex trade in Hillbrow and other areas, though local criminal rings and street gangs also organize child prostitution; Russian and Bulgarian crime syndicates operate in the Cape Town sex trade, and Chinese nationals coordinate the sex trafficking of Asian nationals. Syndicates also recruit and transport South African women to Europe and the Middle East, where some are forced into prostitution or domestic service. It is all about supply and demand.

18 Preventing human trafficking Exposing the Dark World of Human Trafficking Be wary of the following situations - Regard them as potentially dangerous: They are TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE! An attractive job is offered to you that is far away from home — in another province or country. It may be - An attractive job is offered to you that is far away from home — in another province or country. It may be - A house cleaning job, A house cleaning job, a modeling contract, a modeling contract, a waitressing job, a waitressing job, or a contract with a soccer club. These offers may appear in newspapers or via word of mouth. or a contract with a soccer club. These offers may appear in newspapers or via word of mouth. No qualifications are required and free housing and transport is offered with the No qualifications are required and free housing and transport is offered with the job, plus the free processing of your visa and/or work permit.- GUMTREE or Newspaper job, plus the free processing of your visa and/or work permit.- GUMTREE or Newspaper The people you are dealing with organize for you to cross a border illegally. The people you are dealing with organize for you to cross a border illegally. A friend or relative offers to send you to an expensive/good school that is far from home and offers to pay your school fees. A friend or relative offers to send you to an expensive/good school that is far from home and offers to pay your school fees. Travel documents that were obtained by illegal means, are given to you.

19 More examples A recruitment agent tells you that a visitor’s or tourist visa is good enough for A recruitment agent tells you that a visitor’s or tourist visa is good enough for working purposes. working purposes. Someone with whom you are chatting on Mxit/internet chat room wants to meet with you face to face, (to offer you work or a free holiday) or just to go clubbing. Someone with whom you are chatting on Mxit/internet chat room wants to meet with you face to face, (to offer you work or a free holiday) or just to go clubbing. Most trafficking rings are run by gangs and organized crime. But, often it is smaller rings of people, such as brothel and strip club owners, pimps, taxi drivers and even aunties or Most trafficking rings are run by gangs and organized crime. But, often it is smaller rings of people, such as brothel and strip club owners, pimps, taxi drivers and even aunties or UNCLES!! UNCLES!! Your boyfriend says that if you love him, you will send him a naked picture of yourself to his cell phone. Your boyfriend says that if you love him, you will send him a naked picture of yourself to his cell phone. Victims of trafficking are almost always introduced to the trafficker by someone they know!

20 Pimps /traffickers often exhibit the following behaviour or characteristics Pimps /traffickers often exhibit the following behaviour or characteristics Jealous, controlling and violent Jealous, controlling and violent Significantly older than female companions (like on Missing Children ad) Significantly older than female companions (like on Missing Children ad) Promise things that seem too good to be true Promise things that seem too good to be true Encourage victims to engage in illegal activities to achieve their goals and dreams Encourage victims to engage in illegal activities to achieve their goals and dreams Buys expensive gifts or owns expensive items Buys expensive gifts or owns expensive items Is vague about his/her profession Is vague about his/her profession Pushy or demanding about sex Pushy or demanding about sex Encourages inappropriate sexual behavior Encourages inappropriate sexual behavior Makes the victim feel responsible for his/her financial stability. Very open about financial matters. Makes the victim feel responsible for his/her financial stability. Very open about financial matters.

21 Warning signs that an individual is in the process of being trafficked: Signs of physical abuse such as burn marks, bruises or cuts Signs of physical abuse such as burn marks, bruises or cuts Unexplained absences from class Unexplained absences from class Less appropriately dressed than before Less appropriately dressed than before Sexualized behavior Sexualized behavior Overly tired in class Overly tired in class Withdrawn, depressed, distracted or checked out Withdrawn, depressed, distracted or checked out Brags about making or having lots of money Brags about making or having lots of money Displays expensive clothes, accessories or shoes Displays expensive clothes, accessories or shoes New tattoo (tattoos are often used by pimps as a way to brand victims. Tattoos of a name, symbol of money or barcode could indicate trafficking) New tattoo (tattoos are often used by pimps as a way to brand victims. Tattoos of a name, symbol of money or barcode could indicate trafficking) Older boyfriend or new friends with a different lifestyle Older boyfriend or new friends with a different lifestyle Talks about wild parties or invites other students to attend parties Talks about wild parties or invites other students to attend parties Shows signs of gang affiliation? (I e: a preference for specific colors, notebook doodles of gang symbols, etc.) Shows signs of gang affiliation? (I e: a preference for specific colors, notebook doodles of gang symbols, etc.) At clinic- older person does not leave her alone- she looks stressed-does not have cell phone or does not know address where she stays. – Separate the two At clinic- older person does not leave her alone- she looks stressed-does not have cell phone or does not know address where she stays. – Separate the two

22 WHAT YOU CAN DO? Speak up against Human Trafficking, pornography and sexual abuse Speak up against Human Trafficking, pornography and sexual abuse Warn your children and empower them-they must trust you and speak out Warn your children and empower them-they must trust you and speak out Empower your community on how to avoid being trafficked Empower your community on how to avoid being trafficked Always know where your children are and who their friends are Always know where your children are and who their friends are Give your child a password that you alone know Give your child a password that you alone know Report brothels and suspicious cases to the vice-squad or STOP Report brothels and suspicious cases to the vice-squad or STOP Be informed- read newspaper and listen to the news Be informed- read newspaper and listen to the news Become a FRIEND of STOP Invite STOP to do a Traffic Proof presentation at your school or church group Join our team and share your skills Join our FB page Sign a monthly debit order for STOP at your bank

23 The TIP BILL The Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill was tabled in Parliament in March 2010, signed in 2013 and sent to the National Council of Provinces for concurrence. The proposed legislation seeks to give effect to South Africa’s obligations as set out in various international agreements such as the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons. The protocol places particular emphasis on women and children. It is however is not yet implemented a year later. This means that South African law is not yet in line with international standards. The proposed legislation seeks to render human trafficking a criminal offence The bill advocates putting public awareness campaigns in place designed to prevent and combat human trafficking.

24 The TIP Bill would put in place appropriate punitive measures Forcing people into debt bondage is also viewed as a criminal act. Clause seven will also make it an offence to use the services of victims of trafficking. Trafficking is described as an international crime. Carriers transporting people across South Africa’s borders would be guilty of an offence if the victims did not possess valid travel documentation. All individuals that come into contact with people suspected of being trafficked are obliged to report it to the police. The bill will also prohibit the prosecution of victims of trafficking. The hope is that victims will act against traffickers as witnesses. (It seldom happens because of fear and ju-ju curses) Internet service providers are also required to take whatever measures possible to prevent their services from being used to facilitate human trafficking. Internet addresses involved in trafficking must be reported to the police. The proposed legislation also allows for those convicted of trafficking to be forced to pay compensation to a victim for damages, injuries, both physical and psychological and loss of income, amongst others

25 VISION: STOP aims to combat all aspects of human trafficking in SA and Africa through ADVOCACY, raising AWARENESS, VICTIM INTERVENTION and RESTORATION. In addition STOP endeavours to mobilize and empower communities to get proper structures in place and to partner with other organizations in the field to ensure optimal efficiency. STOP is a registered, non-profit, Christian organization that exists to combat all aspects of human trafficking in SA and Africa. MISSION: STOP is a registered, non-profit, Christian organization that exists to combat all aspects of human trafficking in SA and Africa.

26 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES (i) We are committed to We are committed to: ADVOCASYwhich involves: ADVOCASY which involves: Lobbying in Parliament Media liaison Articles and publications RAISING AWARENESS through: Training in Schools and Tertiary Institutions (with): Traffic Proof Presentations and Talks of JUSTICE ACTS Valuable to Jesus (knitted Dolls) project of STRAATWERK VICTIM INTERVENTION by means of: Assisting Police wherever we can Assisting other NGO’s involved in response and Rescue

27 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES GOALS AND OBJECTIVES (ii) RESTORATION by: Helping to establish Emergency Crisis Centers – Immediate safe places like: Safe Houses for abused women and their children which provides: Counseling Skills Training Society and Community Re-integration COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT by providing: Resource Material-(Manuals, posters, Videos) Aid in capacity building (Training, conferences, resources) PARTNERING: Networking with other organizations and individuals involved in combatting human trafficking

28 Why network? 28 Prevention Protection ProsecutionPartnership Passionate Individuals SAPS Government Social Development NGO’s Human Rights NPA Translators Victim Outreach Places of Safety Businesses Border Control Researchers Coalitions Task Teams Churches Home Affairs Immigration Media Survivors Embassies Integration Into The Structure

29 INFORMATION WE ARE ON HELPLINES HELPLINES: Human Trafficking: POLICE: all crimes


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