Presentation on theme: "Human Trafficking Isabelle Morin Member of Parliament Notre-Dame-de-Grâce-Lachine www.isabellemorin.npd.ca/humantrafficking."— Presentation transcript:
Human Trafficking Isabelle Morin Member of Parliament Notre-Dame-de-Grâce-Lachine
What is Human Trafficking?
HUMAN TRAFFICKING is Exploitation for profit Modern-day slavery
Different Forms of Exploitation Forms of exploitation include, but are not limited to: Forced labour Slavery or practices similar to slavery Servitude or debt bondage Human Smugging Child Labour Forced prostitution or secual exploitation
Canadian Legal Definition of Human Trafficking The current definition is based on the threat to the victim's safety. - Section of the Canadian Criminal Code
Criminal Code of Canada (2) In determining whether an accused exploits another person under subsection (1), the Court may consider, among other factors, whether the accused - (a) used or threatened to use force or another form of coercion; (b) used deception; or (c) abused a position of trust, power or authority.
International Definition: The Palermo Protocol (2000) HUMAN TRAFFICKING IS: The ACT itself; The MEANS used to commit human trafficking; The AIM of human trafficking.
What Human Trafficking is not... The term "human trafficking" is often confused with the term "human smuggling," which is the illegal transport of people across international borders. Human smuggling requires illegal cross-border movement of migrants after what the migrant is free to go. In contrast to human smuggling, the trafficked victims are usually not allowed to leave and are held against their will through acts of coercion, deception or debt bondage.
Domestic Human Trafficking (Canada) Domestic human trafficking is often connected to the sex trade. Women and girls from poor communities across Canada, mostly Aboriginal, are pushed into exploitative industries such as sex work, servitude and forced labour.
Are people for sale in Canada?
Domestic Human Trafficking
Aboriginal women and girls are often victims of domestic human trafficking. Among the 400 children sexually exploited in Winnipeg each year, 70-80% are Aboriginal. Some Canadian studies noted that Aboriginal girls are victimized and forced into prostitution as young as 8 years old.
Children are being trafficked in Canada
International Human Trafficking Border-crossing can be done either legally or illegally. Many trafficked victims have hope to find legitimate work. Domestic and seasonal work programs: Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program Live-in Caregiver After arrival, the trafficked victims are forced into exploitative situations.
Seasonal Agricultural Worker Programs
The Government of Canada's National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking (2012) It is based on four pillars: 1. Prevention of human trafficking; 2. Protection of trafficking victims; 3. Prosecution of traffickers; 4. Partnership.
The Government of Canada's National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking (2012) Though it addresses both sex and labour trafficking, this Action Plan does not go far enough to prevent human trafficking within Canada, nor does it adequately protect victims and witnesses.
My Trip to Thailand and Cambodia to learn about Human Trafficking
Day 1 Bangkok, Thailand Visit with the Government of Thailand and the Kredtrakam shelter to meet victims of human trafficking
Day 2 Mae Sot, Thailand Visit with the Tak Immigration Center and Migrant Watch Groups
Day 4 Mae Sot and Bangkok, Thailand & Phnom Pehn, Cambodia Meeting with Dr. Cynthia Mugn at Maetao Clinic – specialist in migrant health and population issues
Day 5 Phnom Pehn, Cambodia Discussion with child trafficking survivors
Day 6 Meeting youth and visiting local youth organizations. Phnom Pehn, Cambodia
How to Stop Human Trafficking Learn more about the Canadian Government’s National Action Plan here: eng.aspx. eng.aspx Put pressure on our Canadian government to adhere to the international treaties that it signed and ratified (Ex. The UN Palermo Protocol of 2000). Write a letter to the Canadian Minister of Public Security, The Honourable Vic Toews.
How to Stop Human Trafficking If you think someone is a victim of human trafficking, call or your local police. If you wish to anonymously report a case of trafficking, please call Crime Stoppers National Tipline at TIPS(8477).