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VITAL ASPECTS OF CORNERBACK PLAY SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES.

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Presentation on theme: "VITAL ASPECTS OF CORNERBACK PLAY SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES."— Presentation transcript:

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3 VITAL ASPECTS OF CORNERBACK PLAY SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES

4 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Defensive Concepts and Defensive Terminology 2. Qualities of Great Cornerbacks 3. Responsibilities 4. Body Position and Movement 5. Alignment 6. Keys and Reads 7. Coverages 8. Skills 9. Drills 10. Appendix

5 SO MUCH OF WHAT YOU DO PHYSICALLY HAPPENS BECAUSE YOU’VE THOUGHT ABOUT IT AND MENTALLY PREPARED FOR IT. -Dan Fouts PREPARATION

6 Qualities of an Great Cornerbacks  Smart  Fast  Physical  Resilient Cornerbacks are the best athletes on the field.

7 Characteristics of Corners Movement: be athletic and fast. Toughness: mental and physical. Physical Toughness: shed blocks, tackle, press man Mental Toughness: endure adversity, disappointment, success. Concentration: concentration leads to things being done correctly. Be in the correct position, the correct alignment.

8 Five Phases of Every Defensive Play  Know and understand the call.  Recognize the formation.  Align Properly.  Read your keys.  Execute your responsibility.

9 Basic Principles of Secondary Play Call: a coverage call is made on every play. Adjustments may be made. Vison: Alignment: positioning is determined by call, formation, down and distance, hash mark, and field position. Stance: the best starting body position to enable quick and aggressive reactions. Backward Run: the most used fundamental technique executed on the snap of the ball to put you in position to play. Playing the football: ability to effectively know where the ball is and to anticipate and react to it. Play Recognition: identifying the play (run or pass) by your key. Execution: carrying out a defensive assignment to prevent an offensive gain.

10 GAP RESPONSIBILITIES BCD A ABC D

11 PURSUIT  Effective pursuit is the result of desire and taking proper angles to the ball. It can result in great plays for the defense and eliminate big offensive plays. When a gap responsibility is not carried out, great pursuit can make up for individual errors. Great desire is great effort.  PURSUIT: DESIRE AND PROPER ANGLES.

12 WHAT IS A LOAF?  GIVING UP AT ANY POINT DURING A PLAY.  LAYING ON THE GROUND  NOT TURNING AND GOING TO THE BALL.  CHANGE OF SPEED.  GETTING PASSED UP BY ANOTHER PLAYER.  TURNING DOWN A HIT.  ANY LACK OF EFFORT---MENTAL OR PHYSICAL

13 FOOTWORK AND MOVEMENT FUNDAMENTALS

14 MOVEMENT The most important movement skill of a cornerback is being able to open and run. This is a transition from a backpedal to a crossover run once your cushion has been broken. Being able to turn quickly and efficiently with great body control and pad level is crucial.

15 WEAVE DRILL  Allow DB to maintain horizontal relationship  Head and Shoulders Stay Square to Target  Inside or Outside Leverage  No Crossover with Feet  Maintain Base with Feet (No Heel Clicks)  Keep Feet Underneath Core  Combine Movements with Weave  Backpedal, Weave, Backpedal THREE WEAVE DRILL  Receiver Attacks Leverage 3x  Three Different Directions  Elbows Tight  Grab Grass on Angles  Maintain Initial Leverage

16 Angles to the Ball If you can picture the compass while reacting to your respective drops in coverage or breaks on the ball, you will take a straight line route directly to the ball at the correct angle.

17 Angles to the Ball! NORTH EAST WEST SOUTH NE SE NW SW

18 STEMS AND ROUTE ANGLES A. Dig/Square In B. Slant/Comeback, Out, Curl C. Post D. Post Corner E. Vertical F. Hitch, Curl A. B. C. D. E. F.

19 DEGREE TREE

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21 TO THE BALL: BACKPEDAL CURL DB BACKPEDAL CP: Push DBs off the ball and then bring them back in a straight line.

22 TO THE BALL: BACKPEDAL OUT/DIG DB CP: Drive steps out of the break and active arm cycle should be emphasized.

23 TO THE BALL: BACKPEDAL OPEN CURL DB Open hips. CP: Push DBs off the ball, open hips away in a straight line, bring them back in that straight line. Backpedal

24 AWAY FROM THE BALL: BACKPEDAL ZONE TURN,MAN TURN/HIGH POINT DB Backpedal Zone Turn-Open Hips Away Open Run CP: Throw ball to the outside. Highpointing the ball is the often the difference between a ball that is caught or a play made by the DB.

25 SPACING AND FIELD CONCEPTS

26 DIMENSIONS OF THE PLAYING FIELD  Playing Surface: 53 1/3 yards wide and 100 yards long with two scoring areas---the end zones at each end of the field. The end zones are 10 yards deep.  Hash marks: divide the field into thirds. About 80% of the game is played at the hash marks. The area between the hashes is 13 /13 yards.  Yard line numbers: top of the numbers-9 yards from the sideline (boundary) and bottom of the numbers is 7 yards from the sideline. The middle of the numbers is 8 yards from the sideline.  Offenses use these landmarks to determine their alignments and scheme.

27 20 Field Dimensions End Zone /

28 Deep Outside 3rd Cover 3 This a 3 Deep Zone with 5 underneath zones. CRGRTLGLT FS TE Flat Curl Hook Curl

29 COVER THREE DEFINITIONS HOOK: area 15 yards deep from the center’s head to tight end’s outside leg or the tight slot. CURL: area 15 yards deep from the tight end’s outside leg to the inside leg of the widest receiver. FLAT: area 15 yards deep from the receiver’s inside leg to the near sideline (boundary). DEEP 1/3: area extending from 15 yards deep that divides the field into equal thirds. SEAM: weakest area of the coverage in Cover 3. Receivers must be rerouted out of this area. NO COVER ZONE: area extending 5 yards from the LOS; execute drops out of this area; sprint up and make the tackle. VERTICAL RELEASE: a release straight up the field of 5 yards or more. OUTSIDE RELEASE: a release away from the core of the formation. INSIDE RELEASE: a release towards the core of the formation.

30 NO COVER ZONE 5 YARDS Underneath Zones Flat Curl Hook Hook Curl Flat Deep 1/3 Deep Middle Seam Line of Scrimmage NO COVER ZONE In Cover Three, the seams represent the weakest part of the coverage. The deep seams is the vertical space that the secondary is the farthest from. C C FS

31 NO COVER ZONE 5 YARDS Underneath Zones Field Width: 53 1/3 yards Flat Curl Hook Hook Curl Flat Deep 1/3 Deep Middle Seam Line of Scrimmage NO COVER ZONE

32 Stretch Principle Vertical Stretch Horizontal Stretch

33 Stretch Principle The stretch principle is the fundamental concept to the passing game. Offenses will stretch the defense vertically or horizontally in three ways: 1.Formation 2.Releases of Receivers 3.Complimentary Routes

34 Return to Table of Contents

35 Alignment You will align at 11 yards in every coverage, except Cover 5. CRGRTLGLT FS WR

36 Cover 3 Alignment CRGRTLGLT C RT In Cover 3, align on the inside eye of the widest receiver (# 1 receiver at seven yards depth (1 x 7). The inside shade protects against the quick slant. The depth may be adjusted based on personnel. Define and maintain initial leverage. Be aware of route tendencies based on ball position (hash, field.).

37 Cover 3 Alignment CRGRTLGLT C RT The purpose of Cover 3 is to protect the deep zones. As we will see later, once we master landmark drops, we will pattern read the routes of receivers.

38 Cover 4 Alignment CRGRTLGLT C RT In Cover 4, align on the inside eye of the widest receiver (# 1 receiver at seven yards depth (1 x 7). The inside shade protects against the quick slant. The depth may be adjusted based on personnel. Define and maintain initial leverage. Be aware of route tendencies based on ball position (hash, field.).

39 Cover 2 Alignments COVER 2-ALIGN HEAD UP AND OUTSIDE SHADE OF # 1 RECEIVER COVER 2 MAN UNDER-ALIGN HEAD UP INSIDE SHADE OF # 1 RECEIVER COVER 2 SKY LIGHTNING AND CLOUD CRGRTLGLT C WR

40 Cover Alignments All Cover 2 Coverages Apply the Hash Rule – in all Cover 2s, align no more than 3 yards off of the hash marks. If the ball is on the - LH/RH– Shift to the inside or outside of the hash, but no more than 3 yards off of hash landmark. M – Align just outside of hash marks. CRGRTLGLT FS WR FS

41 Cover Alignments All Cover 2 Coverages Apply the Hash Rule – in all Cover 2s, align no more than 3 yards off of the hash marks. If the ball is on the - LH/RH– Shift to the inside or outside of the hash, but no more than 3 yards off of hash landmark. M – Align just outside of hash marks. CRGRTLGLT FS WR FS WR

42 Bear Alignments You are man to man with inside leverage on the # 1 receiver to your side. Slot and Clemson: corners are man to man on the # 1 and # 2 receivers. You are on the same side of the formation. Slot and Clemson: there is not a receiver split to one side of the formation. CRGRTLGLT C WR C # 1 receiver

43 Bear Alignments You are man to man with inside leverage on the # 1 receiver to your side. Slot and Clemson: corners are man to man on the # 1 and # 2 receivers. You are on the same side of the formation. Slot and Clemson: there is not a receiver split to one side of the formation. Corner Over. CRGRTLGLT C TE C WR # 1 receiver # 2 receiver WR No split receiver to this side.

44 Cover Alignments Sky/Cloud/Lightning – Communicate rotation of the coverage to the secondary. Align yourself in the correct position to get to your respective rotation coverage. CRGRTLGLT FS WR FS TE

45 INITIAL KEY AND READ 1. Key through End Man on Line of Scrimmage (EMOL) to Quarterback for Run/Pass Read 2.EMOL can be a tight end (TE) or a Tackle (T) 3.Read High Hat or Low Hat by EMOL 4.High Hat = Pass Low Hat = Run 5.Quarterback: 3 Step Drop or 5 Step Drop? 6.Read # 2 receiver, Feel (Periph) # 1 7.Low Hat: Proper Pursuit Angle on Run 8.Must have vision! Do not let your eyes get stuck in the backfield! T TE 1 1 QB C C

46 READS PASS Read EMOL 3 Step or Five Step Drop by QB Read # 2, Feel # 1 Define and maintain leverage. Execute pass coverage drops or man techniques. Protect against the vertical. RUN Read EMOL Low hat/down block: get downhill and stay outside in on the ball. Force all traffic inside (fencepost) Be sure ball declares (crosses LOS). Destroy blocks and keep outside shoulder free. Protect vertical first. Always outside in on the football!

47 READS 1.TE or T blocks down T 1 QB C C

48 READS PASS Read EMOL 3 Step or Five Step Drop by QB Read # 2, Feel # 1 Define and maintain leverage. Execute pass coverage drops or man techniques. Protect against the vertical. RUN Read EMOL Low hat/down block: get downhill and stay outside in on the ball. Force all traffic inside (fencepost) Be sure ball declares (crosses LOS). Destroy blocks andkeep outside shoulder free. Protect vertical first.

49 Receiver Numbering System We will identify receivers from the outside to inside on each side of the formation. The widest receiver on each side would be the # 1 receiver. The second widest receiver would be # 2.

50 Receiver Numbering System

51 Receiver Numbering System

52 Motion by Slot Changes Receiver Numbering He becomes # 2, Y becomes # 3 Receiver Numbering System

53 PRE-SNAP MENTAL CHECKLIST 1.Know the Down and Distance. 2.Know Field Position and Tendencies from Scouting Report. 3.Recognize the Offensive Formation. 4.Offensive Line: “Heavy” or “Light”? 5.Time on the Clock

54 PRESNAP WIDE RECEIVER INDICATORS 1.Alignment 2.Split (normal, wide narrow) 3.Is the receiver looking at the sticks? 4.Is the receiver looking up the field and trying to find an aiming point (a route)? 5.Is the receiver looking at a possible blocking assignment? 6.Does the receiver have any mannerisms as he comes to LOS?

55 PRESNAP QUARTERBACK INDICATORS 1.Does the quarterback delay getting to LOS? (possible quick count) 2.Where is the quarterback looking? 3.Does the quarterback do anything to indicate run or pass (dry his hands, etc.)

56 WINNING The price of victory is high but so are the rewards. -Paul “Bear” Bryant

57 FIELD DIMENSIONS Importance of understanding field dimensions and landmarks  Responsibilities are clearly defined.  Defines leverage relative to scheme and call.  Understanding of the inherent strengths and weaknesses of a coverage.  Field dimensions are a constant.  Zones are clearly defined.  Gives true meaning to personnel alignments and positioning.

58 DEFENSIVE TEACHING PROGRESSION STANCE ALIGNMENT ASSIGNMENT TECHNIQUE KEY READ BLOCK PROTECTION BLOCK ESCAPE PURSUIT TACKLING CAUSING TURNOVERS

59 PREPARATION If you are continually developing your skills and refining your approach, then winning will be the final result. -Bill Walsh

60 PASS COVERAGE: THREE CATEGORIES 1.Run package: Outside runs, options, and play action. Secondary has support and fill responsibilities. 2.Flow passes: Two backs start in the same direction and the ball is leaving the line of scrimmage. 3.Ball in the pocket with no fakes: Ball has left the LOS with no fakes.

61 ROUTE FITS: THREE TYPES OF ROUTES 1.QUICK ROUTE Three Step Game Out, Hitch, Slant Read receiver body language at 3 yards 2. INTERMEDIATE ROUTE Five, Seven Step Game Dig, Curl Read receiver body language at 8 yards 3. DEEP ROUTE Five, Seven Step Game Fade, Corner, Go, Post No cut at 10-12, get depth * Comeback Route

62 BE GREAT Far better it is to dare mighty things, to win glorious triumphs, even though checkered by failure, than to take rank with those poor spirits who neither enjoy nor suffer much, because they live in the gray twilight that knows not victory nor defeat. -Theodore Roosevelt

63 TACKLING COMPONENTS  APPROACH  CONTACT POINT  FOLLOW THROUGH  EYES, SHOULDERS, ARMS, LEGS

64 PROPER CONTACT PROGRESSION  QUICK HANDS  STRIKE TO LEVERAGE  FLIPPER  PUSH-UP  SIX-INCH PUNCH  TWO-STEP PUNCH  ONE-KNEE DOWN THRUSTS  ACROSS THE BOW

65 The WVU Box Drill 9 DB Backpedal CP: DB will chop feet in the middle of cones. Use: open and run, bp, sprint, shuffle to get to each cone. Drill ends with coach tossing the ball in the air. Highpoint the ball.

66 Box and Break Drill DB Backpedal Foot Fire Sprint Backpedal Break to Post CP: Emphasis on low pad level. Throw the ball on each break. 10 yards

67 CUSHION DRILL  Goal: Turn when Receiver is within 1-3 yards  Maintain Vertical Cushion  Intersect 1/3 of his Body  Make Him Run Up your Back  Transition Tight  Do not give him a path  Transition is Backward PING PONG DRILL  Opening and Turning  Technique Emphasis, not Speed  Accentuate Movement  Head Should Fall, Not Rise  Throw Elbow Low to Accentuate Transition  Transition in One Step  Down Back, Down Back

68 RELEASES  Maintain Upfield Shoulder Leverage  Do Not Beat Receiver to the Reception Point  Intersect 1/2 to 1/3 of Body  Do Not Break Too Far Ahead (or Behind)  Drive to Low Shoulder if you Have Help Over the Top  Maintain Vertical Leverage without Help COACHING POINTS  Maintain Relationship on Route  Protect on Double Moves  No Overbreak to Outside SKATE TECHNIQUE  Vertical Shuffle, Wider Base  Protect 3-step in 1 st 3 Steps  Feet Under, Accelerate on Drive  Transition to Crossover Run  Protect the Vertical

69 PRESS MAN COVERAGE MIRROR DRILL  Mirror, No Hands  Shut Off Receiver from Getting Vertical  Burn Eyes on Hips  Put Body in way of Receiver MIRROR WITH HANDS  Hands on Numbers  Thumbs Up  Punch with Near Hand  Quick Jab, Bring it Back  Not Long or Down from Shoulders WIDE RELEASE (FADE)  Jab, Bring Hips, Create Momentum  Don’t Chase, Intersect Vertically  Stay Square; Shut Off with Feet  Not a Chase to Sideline Where does Charles Woodson have his eye placement versus Larry Fitzgerald?

70 INSIDE RELEASE  Outside then Inside Release  Recover with Opposite Hand  Grind Receiver Down  Outside Fake then Inside  Recover  Use Speed Turn to Get Out of Trouble  Inside Hip Open  Speed Turn: Protect Yourself Vertically DEEP BALL DRILL  Create Confidence in Reaction Aspect  Don’t Look Back in Open Space  Stay Vertical with Receiver  Look for Indicators (Eyes, Hands)  Eyes Flash, Big Hands  Attack High Point, Attack Upfield Shoulder

71 TACKLING  Roll off front foot  Siamese arms and pinkies  Eyes to the sky  Low pad level  Run feet  Grab cloth  Explode the hands through the armpits  Roll hips  Explosive movement  Holster, Shimmy, Hit

72 HIGH POINT DRILL  Catch with extended arms  Reach and attack the football  Create first access to the football  Reach and attack at its highest point  Use man turn drill  Boundary---look up for the ball  Field---attack receiver’s hands

73 QB INDICATOR DRILLS  Read the quarterback  Direction and depth  Front shoulder, long arm action  Break on the long hand action  Force weave on direction  Move with the shoulders  High launch, low launch  Don’t break on the pump  High launch---break back LOW LAUNCH  WR has first access to football  We have depth  Intersect wide receiver, great collision  Ball insignificant, but receiver is  Rip up through the receiver  QB shoulders down (indicator )

74 BALL DRILLS  Rake drill  Upfield shoulder  45 degrees  Receiver has first access to football  Rake upfield arm down + away from the ball  Bat Drill  DB on low shoulder  Reach in near arm  Hand must come down to get ball on ground  Back hand secures  Hand has to come down, not just intersect  Get great break on ball

75 INSIDE RELEASE  Outside then Inside Release  Recover with Opposite Hand  Grind Receiver Down  Outside Fake then Inside  Recover  Use Speed Turn to Get Out of Trouble  Inside Hip Open  Speed Turn: Protect Yourself Vertically DEEP BALL DRILL  Create Confidence in Reaction Aspect  Don’t Look Back in Open Space  Stay Vertical with Receiver  Look for Indicators (Eyes, Hands)  Eyes Flash, Big Hands  Attack High Point, Attack Upfield Shoulder

76 BLOCK DESTRUCTION PROGRESSION  Explode hands to numbers  Thumbs up, use heels  Stalk  On knees  Hand placement, aiming point inside  Hand placement  Drive feet (wide)  Good balance  Explode through bag  Good habits  Establish confidence to explode through a target HAND COMBAT  Man with hands inside wins  Fit hands; establish leverage  Slap, rip, break hands down; violent  Create hand placement and sense of urgency

77 Return to Table of Contents

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79 Man vs. Free vs. Zone Man Cover 5 – Lock on to #1 receiver unless game plan changes that. Free Cover 1- # 1 Receiver Cover 2 Man under - # 1 Receiver Bear Slot and Clemson: Corner over on # 2 Zone Cover 2 Sky – Deep Outside 1/3 Cover 2 Cloud – Flat Cover 2 Lightning – Deep Outside 1/3 Cover 2 – Flat Cover 3 – Deep Outside 1/3 Cover 4 – Deep Outside 1/4

80 Cover 5 We are matched up man to man with no help over top. We most likely are blitzing. You need to lock down your receiver for 4 seconds! We are matched up man to man with no help over top. We most likely are blitzing. You need to lock down your receiver for 4 seconds! You will lock on to the #1 receiver. Take away his inside and force him to release outside. CRGRTLGLT FS WR TE WR CB

81 Cover 1 You are man to man with # 1 receiver. Deny inside release. Most dangerous route is the fade. Stay in phase---no more than an arm length behind receiver. Read receiver indicators. CRGRTLGLT FS WR TE WR CB H L

82 Cover 2 Man Under Cover 2 Man Under: Man to Man on # 1 Receiver. Deny inside release. Protect vertical. Most dangerous route is the fade. Read receiver indicators. C RG RT LG LT C WR

83 Cover 2 Man Under Gain depth and help over top of deep threats or mismatches. Break up on the ball as you read the QB’s release. CRGRTLGLT FS WR

84 Deep Outside 3rd Cover 3 This a 3 Deep Zone with 5 underneath zones. CRGRTLGLT FS TE Flat Curl Hook Curl

85 Cover 3 You have the deep outside third. Read your key to adjust your alignment. Read # 2 and feel # 1. (periph). Be aware of ball location (on hash, field). CRGRTLGLT C TE WR

86 NO COVER ZONE 5 YARDS Underneath Zones COVER 4 Flat Curl Hook Hook Curl Flat Deep 1/4 Seam Line of Scrimmage NO COVER ZONE You have deep outside quarter. Read EMOL key. Gain depth. Identify threats. Communicate with LBs and secondary players changing zones. Maintain initial leverage; break on long arm action of the quarterback. Remember the seams are the weakest part of this coverage. Deep 1/4 Read EMOL In Cover 4, we will have 4 deep quarter zones and 3 underneath zones.

87 Cover 2 Zones We disguise a Cover 3 Zone coverage with a Cover 2 shell. Sky –Corner has deep outside third. Cloud – CB rotates up to the Flat, FS covers deep outside or middle third Lightning – LB rotates to the Flat, FS sits on the Hook/Curl, CB has deep outside third. CRGRTLGLT FS WR H CB

88 Deep Outside 3rd Flat Deep Middle 3rdDeep Outside 3rd Hook/Curl Cover 2 Zones Hook/Curl CRGRTLGLT FS WR H CB Flat Collision, Funnel, Gain Depth. Protect the safeties.

89 Cover 2 Zones We will rotate to the strength of the formation. If balanced, we will rotate to game plan determined tendencies, which could be QB’s arm strength or the field. CRGRTLGLT FS WR H CB

90 Cover 2 Zone Sky Safety has the flat zone. (Sky – stands for Safety.) You have the deep third. Read the EMOL, recognize threats, get depth. Protect against vertical. CRGRTLGLT FS WR C

91 CB covers Flat Cover 2 Zone Cloud You will have the Flat Zone. Adjust your angle (width and depth) according to ball location. Free Safety has the deep 1/3. Anticipate complimentary routes. CRGRTLGLT FS WR C

92 Cover 2 Zone Lightning You will have the Deep 1/3. (Lightning– stands for LB covering Flat.) Read your EMOL Key and gain depth. Adjust initial leverage. Recognize threats. CRGRTLGLT WR CB

93 Cover 2 Zone You will have the flat in Cover 2. Collision, funnel, and sink. Gain depth. Protect the hash safety. Weakest spot of coverage is the hole behind you. CRGRTLGLT C WR HOLE

94 Deep Outside 3rd Flat Deep Middle 3rdDeep Outside 3rd Hook/Curl Cover 2 Zones Hook/Curl CRGRTLGLT FS WR H CB

95 PURPOSE OF MAN COVERAGE  To cover the receiver.  To prevent the completion.  To make an interception.  To strip the ball or make the tackle immediately if there is a completion.

96 MAN COVERAGE: POINTS OF EMPHASIS  EYES, EYES, EYES! ZONE-BALL IS FOCUS; MAN-RECEIVER IS THE FOCUS  NEVER GET BEAT BY ALIGNMENT. NO TWO WAY GOS.  KEEP EYES ON RECEIVER THROUGH THE BREAK POINT.  NEVER LOOK BACK TO BALL UNTIL YOU HAVE WR UNDER CONTROL.  KEEP THE FEET TIGHT.  KEEP SHOULDERS LOW.  BIG PLAYS COME ON THE SLANT OR POST!  MAKE THE BALL GO THROUGH THE DEFENDER TO GET TO WR

97 KEY QUESTIONS IN MAN COVERAGE  What are the abilities of the receivers? Who are their two best receivers?  What ability do they have to get open in addition to their speed?  Who are our best cover personnel?  What kind of pressure tie-ins do we have with man coverage? What is their protection scheme?  Are there hot schemes? Is there a hot receiver?

98 MAN COVERAGE: TEACHING COMPONENTS AND TERMINOLOGY PRESS MAN  Stance  Stagger  Shadow  Hands/Active Fingers  Reading Receiver  Declares Release  MDR: fade, slant  Open Step  Low Elbow  Stab/Stab Arm Opposite  Hook and Wedge  In Phase/Out of Phase  Force Width  Finish  Become WR  Trail Technique OFF MAN  Eyes  Shoulders/Weight/Feet  Bubble  Key  Cushion  Inside/Outside  Wide Feet/Tight Feet  Ball Go Through You  Peripheral Vision  Three Step Drop  Quick Set/Quick Throw  Clue QB  All Dead Key

99 OFF MAN COVERAGE DRILLS  Dead Key  Weave Dead Key  Settle and Break  Turn and Run  Catch  Route Fits (Programmed)  Route Fits (Random)  Route Fits with QB R1 R2 R3 R4 DB DB DB DB 4 yards DRILL ORGANIZATION

100 OFF MAN VISION: DEAD KEY/DEAD KEY RECEIVER C S C S Dead Key Dead Key Receiver CP: Dead key WR if he is close to QB; Clue WR for wide split.

101 OFF MAN DRILLS: WEAVE DEAD KEY R DB CP: R take two steps straight ahead, then weave to right or left. Do not allow R to get nose up---two way go. Maintain leverage. Backpedal with low pad level, do not cross over.

102 OFF MAN DRILLS: DEAD KEY R DB CP: R go half speed. Keep at least two yard cushion with shoulders square. Work four at a time. 4 yards

103 OFF MAN DRILLS: SETTLE AND BREAK R DB CP: R settle as if they are going to break. Go half speed. Shoulders come down, belt buckle square. Exaggerate. DB maintain cushion, backpedal and settle. Keep feet active. Settle to get ready to transition.

104 OFF MAN DRILLS: TURN AND RUN R DB CP: R crosses face. Turn and hook the hip. Takeaway inside of body. Work both sides. Lean him into the boundary. 4 yards

105 OFF MAN DRILLS: MUSH R DB CP: R breaks cushion. Runs up on toes of DB. DB feels he is beat. Catch and mush the R. Keep feet moving on the mush. Catch/Mush 4 yards

106 PRESS MAN DRILLS  SHADOW  BASKETBALL CUTOFF  HOOK AND WEDGE TO FADE  QUICK TURN  PUSH-OFF DRILL  COMBAT DRILL  QUICK-JAM BAG DRILL  QUICK-JAM COVER 2  4 x 4 DRILL  ROUTES

107 UNIVERSAL ROUTES

108 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Don’t bite on hitch Anticipate complimentary route Read # 2 Intercept ball at highest point Smash

109 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Maintain outside leverage Anticipate double move Out and Up

110 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Stay between the two verticals Break on long arm action of QB Intercept ball at highest point Two Verticals in Zone

111 INFORMATION RAP Don’t lose leverage on play pass Maintain vertical leverage. Break on the long arm action of QB Intercept the ball at highest point Run Action Pass

112 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Anticipate complimentary route Read # 2 Make IN call Y Smash, In Call

113 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Anticipate complimentary routes Read # 2 Make IN call Break on long arm action of QB Counter Read/RAP

114 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep third. Keep leverage on the double move. Fit the hitch on the outside shoulder. Double Move

115 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone. There is help underneath on slant Stop the wheel route. Wheel

116 INFORMATION Alert S with “In, In, In!” call Maintain vertical leverage on #2. Anticipate complimentary route. Divide

117 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Anticipate complimentary route Don’t bite on short route RAP/Spacing/Motion

118 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Don’t bite on hitch Anticipate complimentary route Read # 2 Intercept ball at highest point Smash

119 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Maintain outside leverage Anticipate double move Out and Up

120 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Stay between the two verticals Break on long arm action of QB Intercept ball at highest point Two Verticals in Zone

121 INFORMATION RAP Don’t lose leverage on play pass Maintain vertical leverage. Break on the long arm action of QB Intercept the ball at highest point Run Action Pass

122 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Anticipate complimentary route Read # 2 Make IN call Y Smash, In Call

123 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Anticipate complimentary routes Read # 2 Make IN call Break on long arm action of QB Counter Read/RAP

124 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep third. Keep leverage on the double move. Fit the hitch on the outside shoulder. Double Move

125 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone. There is help underneath on slant Stop the wheel route. Wheel

126 INFORMATION Alert S with “In, In, In!” call Maintain vertical leverage on #2. Anticipate complimentary route. Divide

127 INFORMATION Maintain vertical leverage in deep zone Anticipate complimentary route Don’t bite on short route RAP/Spacing/Motion

128 DEFENSIVE TEACHING PROGRESSION STANCE ALIGNMENT ASSIGNMENT TECHNIQUE KEY READ BLOCK PROTECTION BLOCK ESCAPE PURSUIT TACKLING CAUSING TURNOVERS

129 NO COVER ZONE 5 YARDS Underneath Zones Field Width: 53 1/3 yards Flat Curl Hook Hook Curl Flat Deep 1/3 Deep Middle Seam Line of Scrimmage NO COVER ZONE

130 RUN SUPPORT TERMINOLOGY  Contain: keeping the ball inside  Force: defender responsible for squeezing and turning an outside run play to the inside.  Cutback: defender responsible for maintaining a pursuit angle that keeps backside leverage on the ball.  Sky: run force by safety; turn outside run plays inside  Cloud: run force by corner; turn outside run plays inside  Alley: inside-out player; safety responsible for maintaining a pursuit angle that keeps the backside leverage downhill to prevent cutback.  Perimeter: C-D gap to the boundary; outside run play(s).  Ball Declares: Ball crosses LOS and no chance of a forward pass (option pass, halfback pass) remains.

131 SKY FORCE SS C FS SECONDARY FORCE CUTBACK C BACKSIDE LEVERAGE

132 THE BALL DECLARES SS C FS C CP: The ball declares on a run---crosses the line of scrimmage and there is no possibility of a forward pass. Secondary run support must fit into the run scheme.

133 CLOUD FORCE C SS C Force Secondary Force Cutback Backside Leverage

134 OUTSIDE RUN DRILL SS C FS SECONDARY FORCE CUTBACK C BACKSIDE LEVERAGE CP: Toss, Option. Work both sides. Keep proper leverage on the ball.

135 QB QUARTERBACK OFF THE LINE QUARTERBACK ON THE LINE

136 Return to Table of Contents

137 COVER 2: CORNER FIT DRILL WR DB Purpose: To fit DB into outside and inside releases by WR. CP: Inside eye on his o/s eye. Place head outside his head and make him go through your entire body. Move feet, shuffle, pick feet up WR has already funneled himself with inside release, but have to protect the slant. STANCE DEPTH ALIGNMENT ASSIGNMENT COLLISION GET A REDIRECT

138 COVER 2: CORNER FUNNEL TECHNIQUE DRILL 15 yards DB WR Purpose: To get the DB to funnel-flip and expand to his landmark. CP: Add QB indicators after initial progression to develop feel for deep throws and ones underneath. Play deep to short with multiple routes.

139 COVER 2: CORNER SLICE TECHNIQUE DRILL C Purpose: To teach the DB to read the end man on the LOS for run or pass. Read high hat or low hat. C Pass Run

140 COVER 2: CORNER MIRROR DODGE DRILL DB WR Purpose: To get the DB to move his feet laterally and cut off any outside release.

141 COVER 2: SAFETY ½ TECHNIQUE DRILL Purpose: To get the FS to open and run to the proper landmark. DB CP: Progression: Landmark feel, receiver release, QB indicators. Outside release = travel past landmark; 14 yards deep and 2 yards o/s hash. Quick Read: To see what kind of release the WR was able to get on the corner.

142 COVER 2: ROUTE FITS 2 1 C FS 1.Ball: Run or Pass? 2.# 1: In or Out? 3.Ball: Pick up QB, # 2 CP: Gain width and stay between on two verticals.

143 COVER 2: ROUTE FITS 2 1 C FS 1.Ball: Run or Pass? 2.# 1: In or Out? 3.Ball: Pick up QB, # 2 CP: Hardest combination: S must really flatten out. # 1 is holding the C.

144 COVER 2: ROUTE FITS 2 1 C FS 1.Ball: Run or Pass? 2.# 1: In or Out? 3.Ball: Pick up QB, # 2 CP: S don’t gain depth on i/s release by # 1; don’t go vertical; S defend post. # 1 inside only two routes possible---dig and pc.

145 COVER 2: ROUTE FITS 2 1 C FS 1.Ball: Run or Pass? 2.# 1: In or Out? 3.Ball: Pick up QB, # 2 CP: # 1 releases outside----takeoff, go. Not releasing o/s to come back inside. S should come off the hash.

146 COVER 2: ROUTE FITS-SMASH 2 1 C FS 1.Ball: Run or Pass? 2.# 1: In or Out? 3.Ball: Pick up QB, # 2 CP: C must read way out and get depth. Recognize pattern combination.

147 FIELD DIMENSIONS: TEACHING COMPONENTS AND TERMINOLOGY  Playing Surface  Field Dimensions  Hash Mark  Yard Line Numbers  Arrows  End Zone  Goal Line  Three Yard Line  Goal Post  Pylons  Field  Boundary  Seam  Midpoints  Hash Mark Adjustments  Dividers  Perimeter  Coaches Area  Team Box  Leverage  No Cover Zone  Vertical  Horizontal  Alignment  Perimeter Personnel  Split  Inside Release  Outside Release  Flat  Hook to Curl  Deep Zone, Deep Third  Deep Middle  Deep Half, Deep Halves

148 DIMENSIONS OF THE PLAYING FIELD  Playing Surface: 53 1/3 yards wide and 100 yards long with two scoring areas---the end zones at each end of the field. The end zones are 10 yards deep.  Hash marks: divide the field into thirds. About 80% of the game is played at the hash marks. The area between the hashes is 13 /13 yards.  Yard line numbers: top of the numbers-9 yards from the sideline (boundary) and bottom of the numbers is 7 yards from the sideline. The middle of the numbers is 8 yards from the sideline.  Offenses use these landmarks to determine their alignments and scheme.

149 PRESS MAN: STANCE/SHADOW WR DB CP: Inside alignment, helmet inside WR helmet, facemask under WR facemask, fingers alive. Anticipate. Inside foot up, outside foot back. MDR in press scenario is fade. Stay within shadow of WR. Stay square shoulders on his square shoulders. Push off front, pop back. Eyes, feet, hands. DB

150 PRESS MAN: SHADOW DRILL DB CP: Stay square, keep pad level down, give little ground reset after three steps. 10 yards

151 PRESS MAN: READING THE RECEIVER WR DB CP: WR will take least amount of resistance to get to top of stem/route. In first second of a football play, where he tries to release us gives us clues. Outside---good open step + opposite arm stab. Deep fade or o/s cut, o/s finishing route. Protect MDR. Inside release---i/s finishing route. MDR-slant, post DB

152 PRESS MAN: IN PHASE POSITION WR DB CP: After shadow open step, o/s release, stab arm opposite to near pec w/low elbow; no high elbow. Low elbow uses all muscles. Run to get in phase. Protect o/s shoulder w/stab. Focus on near ribs. Elbow punch. Run even, see his numbers, hook rib cage. Progression---rib cage to arm. Hook and Wedge. DB

153 PRESS MAN: FINISH WR DB CP: Arm’s length. Eyes back to QB. Look and lean. Not down and towards field. Look through the sky, creates lean. Maintain hook and wedge. Able to redirect on o/s finish. Ball----up and through, pull arm out, separate ball. Do not secure tackle with the back hand. DB IN PHASE

154 PRESS MAN: SHADOW OPEN STEP DRILL DB CP: Shadow Open Step: Cut off at 45 degrees, force bubble. Don’t open gate to vertical release. Stay tough on the stab. DB RELEASE DECLARATION WR

155 PRESS MAN: BASKETBALL CUTOFF DRILL DB CP: Shuffle and drop hips. Be aggressive moving backwards and stay square Progression: vs. air, no hands, hands on. Force WR to move sideways. Drop WR Five Yard Increments

156 PRESS MAN: HOOK TO WEDGE TO FADE DRILL DB CP: Stay a sprinter. Near arm finish. Use third eye. Force width by WR. Use line to begin drill. Hook and wedge near rib through arm. Good lean Use ball in second step as part of progression with route. WR Stay in phase.

157 PRESS MAN: QUICK TURN DRILL DB CP: Shadow Open Step, WR breaks back inside. Utilize quick turn to get back in phase. Establish hook and wedge again. Don’t panic. Become a sprinter again. WR

158 TACKLING COMPONENTS  APPROACH  CONTACT POINT  FOLLOW THROUGH  EYES, SHOULDERS, ARMS, LEGS

159 PROPER CONTACT PROGRESSION  QUICK HANDS  STRIKE TO LEVERAGE  FLIPPER  PUSH-UP  SIX-INCH PUNCH  TWO-STEP PUNCH  ONE-KNEE DOWN THRUSTS  ACROSS THE BOW

160 FIT DRILL DB 5 yards CP: Lead with pads, eyes to sky, wrap around on contact, roll hips, carry for five yards. Shoulders square, arms close to body, legs straight ahead. Begin with good football position. Ball carrier walks into the fit.

161 ACROSS THE BOW DRILL DB C Purpose: to teach proper tackling with the shoulders. CP: Hit with left shoulder, bring right leg upfield, drive BC back 5 yards. Hit with right shoulder, bring left leg upfield, drive BC back 5 yards.

162 MIRROR DRILL BC DB CP: Stay behind BC. Lateral run over bags. Execute change of lateral direction/speed turn to change directions. Accelerate through and fit on BC. Purpose: To develop lateral agility and keep proper leverage on the ball. Lateral Run

163 DB DOOR DRILL Purpose: to teach reaction tackling. CP: BC should come out from behind door at a 45 degree angle. Tackler should stay inside out and execute form tackle and accelerate the feet. 5 yards

164 RICOCHET DRILL DB 5 yards Purpose: To control the body during tackling. CP: Move at proper angle and wrap tackle first BC. Release and work across to tackle second BC. Do the same for # 3. BC move on command of the coach.

165 DEGREE TACKLE DRILL DB RB 7 yards CP: Stay square with an inside out angle. Accelerate the feet. Run the RB back five yards. 5 yards Purpose: To keep leverage on the ball.

166 7 yards WR DB CP: Attack the ballcarrier downhill on an inside out angle. Stay square. Force BC to the sideline. Accelerate the feet and drive him toward boundary until his feet are out of bounds. Incorporates approach and contact point. DB WR Sideline Tackle Purpose: To keep proper leverage on the ball.

167 Come to Balance Drill RB DB 15 yards CP: Keep feet active, stay square, come to balance with tackling feet at cone. Stay inside out on running back. Purpose: To drill sprint demeanor to tackling demeanor.

168 OPEN FIELD TACKLE DRILL DB BC CP: Take horizontal and downhill angle to stay inside out on BC. Accelerate on contact. Balance up, come to tackling demeanor. Keep feet moving at first cone. Purpose: To keep proper leverage on the ball and to keep feet active and stay inside out at the junction point.

169 Rapone Low Tackle Drill DB CP: Follow through by rolling with bag. Have already closed vertically. Shoot across bag, head on outside. Purpose: To drill low tackling from space.

170 Funnel Drill FS C RB 7 yards 10 yards CP: FS and C keep leverage on the ball. Funnel represents the alley. FS and C backpedal on command. Purpose: To keep proper leverage and angles on the ball.

171 QBWR CB FS 2 on 1 Tackle CP: Purpose: To tackle while maintaining proper leverage on the ball. BP on command, WR runs toward QB; WR three way go---sideline, MOF, or split C and FS. Take proper angle toward ball once ball has been thrown. C: keep ball on inside pad FS: keep ball on outside pad 6 yards FS 10 yards deep

172 Cowboy Drill DB Purpose: to teach blow delivery, disengaging, and tackling. CP: Attack blocker # 1, disengage, move laterally, defeat block # 2. DB should gain ground upfield with each disengagement and tackle BC.

173 GANG TACKLE DB Purpose: to teach gang tackling in a controlled environment. CP: BC should circle. On command, BC should try to escape. First defender tackle and wrap him up. Remaining defenders get in on tackle, wrap up own teammate. No player should go to ground---stay on feet.


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