Presentation on theme: "NUCLEAR POWER CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED KAIGA WELCOMES DISTRICT OFFICIALS OF UTTARA KANNADA DISTRICT."— Presentation transcript:
NUCLEAR POWER CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED KAIGA WELCOMES DISTRICT OFFICIALS OF UTTARA KANNADA DISTRICT
EMERGENCY EXERCISE IS CONDUCTED PERIODICALLY TO CHECK COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, FAMILIARIZATION OF PERSONNEL ON THEIR ACTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES CHECK AVAILABILITY OF EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES TO HANDLE EMERGENCIES EVALUATION OF MITIGATING ACTIONS
Plant Emergency : This involves excessive release of radioactive materials or high radiation fields in a section of the plant requiring immediate operator action and/or automatic operation of safety systems. Although positive isolations or restrictions on occupancy of the affected areas might be enforced, evacuation of personnel might be required if it is suspected that the doses to personnel are likely to exceed the intervention levels.
Site Emergency: This class of emergency arises due to situation, which seriously affect plant operations involving high radiation fields in accessible areas and release of radioactive materials extending beyond the plant up to the site environment. The protective measures such as incorporation of stable Iodine, sheltering and evacuation of personnel from plant areas other than control room to areas designated to be habitable under the site emergency conditions and evacuation of non-essential persons from the site may be considered.
Off site Emergency: An Off-site emergency situation results when the release of radioactive materials from the plant is of magnitude necessitating protective action to be taken for members of the public in the neighbourhood of the plant
Emergency Declaration Guidelines: Plant/Site Emergency: Reference Dose 5 mSv to whole body 50 mSv to thyroid Large plant areas are affected and large number of persons are involved Off-Site Emergency: Dose rate at 1 m from ground at fence post > 0.01 mSv/h
Exposure pathways: 1.External exposure due to radioactive plume (mixture of gaseous effluents and particulates emitted through the stack) 2.External exposure due to ground deposited particles 3.Internal exposure due to inhalation of the gaseous effluents. 4.Internal exposure due to consumption of contaminated food materials
Critical Pathway HUMAN MILK COW GRASS
Alert & Intervention levels In cases of emergencies, uncontrolled exposure may result. These exposure can be controlled only by taking some remedial action. Alert levels are those levels of contamination, doses etc. which would call for the personnel to remain in readiness for the implementation of remedial action while intervention levels are those which, if reached would call for actual implementation of the remedial actions.
Counter Measures during offsite emergency: 1.Sheltering 2.Administration of Stable iodine 3.Evacuation 4.Temporary Relocation 5.Control of Access 6.Control of Food and Water 7.Decontamination of Affected Areas and Building
Counter Measures Sheltering: Sheltering means stay in-doors and refrain from going outside until further advice. Sheltering is normally assumed for a period of 12 to 24 hours and may precede evacuation. Evacuation : Evacuation would involve movement of the population from the affected area to radiologically safe locations. Mobilisation of transport facilities and selection of radiologically safe location would be essential elements Preferential evacuation of critical groups like children and women of reproductive age would be desirable.
Counter Measures Stable Iodine Administration: Administration of stable iodine means oral intake of KIO 3 tablets. Administration of KIO 3 tablets should be done as follows: 1) All individuals above the age of 12 years. 170 mg (KIO 3 ) - as soon as possible 85 mg (KIO 3 ) - second and third day only 170 mg (KIO 3 ) - repeat after two weeks, if required. 2) Pregnant women and children of age 3 to 12 years: 50 % of quantities given in (1) 3) Children under the age of 3 years 25% of quantities given in (1)
Termination of Emergency Plant Emergency: The termination of emergency will be declared by the PSEC, after ensuring the following conditions have been met. The plant situation is under control The effluent releases from the plant are within limits. All personnel have been accounted.
Termination of Off-site emergency : The off site emergency is terminated by OED, on getting information from Plant Authorities.
PLANNING BASIS & CONCEPT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS Assign responsibility Emergency zoning and classification Alert and notification system Communications Accident assessment Protective measures Medical support Public Education and information Co-ordination Exercise & drills
EMERGENCY ORGANISATION: 1.KGEC (on site emergency) 2.KGOERCC 3.NERC 4.DAE CMG. 5.NDMA
Emergency Planning Zones(EPZ) Emergency planning zone, defined around the plant up to 16 kM, provides a basic geographic frame work for decision making on implementing measures as part of a graded response in the event of an emergency. The area around the Kaiga generating station is divided into the following Zones up to 16 kM radius.
Exclusion Zone Exclusion Zone The exclusion Zone extends up to a distance of 1.6 km around the central plant zone of 0.7 km where no public habitation is permitted. This zone is physically isolated from out side areas by plant fencing and is under the control of Kaiga Generating Station.
Sterilised Zone Sterilised zone is an area where no new growth of population is permitted. Natural growth is however allowed in this Zone. This area extends up to a radius of 5 Kms from the central plant Zone. This Zone is defined to restrict the population to an easily transportable number in case of an emergency.
Primary Zone The primary Zone extends up to 8 kM from central part Zone where protective measures like evacuation and sheltering are required against possible plume exposures during an Emergency.
Secondary Zone The secondary Zone extends up to 16 Km from central plant Zone protective measures like sheltering control on food stuff are required against possible exposure from ingestion of radioactivity.
Sectional Division of EPZ The emergency planning Zone around the KGS is further divided in to 16 sectors radially (designated by letters code ‘A’ to ‘P’ marked clockwise ) to implement protective measures to areas actually affected during an emergency (Refer fig. 1). Each sector covers 22.5 O and the central lines of sector ‘A’, ‘E’, ‘I' and ‘M’ coincide with the North, East, South and West directions respectively.
Emergency Planning Zones and Sectors for Kaiga Site NORTH SOUTH EAST EAST B C I J K L M N O P E F G H D 0.7KM 8 KM 16 KM 2.3KM 5 KM SOUTH SOUTH WEST NORTH WEST WEST NORTH EAST A
Exclusion zone (1.6 kms radius No Habitation Sterlization zone Regulated growth 16 kms 5 kms
POPULATION AROUND KAIGA DAE CENTRE (2001 CENSUS)
SECTORDISTANCE FROM PLANT (Km)TOTAL 2.3 to to to 16.0 A B1400 C04710 D E F01150 G H I00168 J00139 K0047 L M N O0060 P00612 TOTAL POPULATION AROUND KAIGA DAE CENTRE (2011 CENSUS)
A B D C G H I J K L M N O P F E N
OFF SITE EMERGENCY EXERCISES AT KAIGA DAE CENTRE PREVIOUS OFF-SITE EMERGENCY EXERCISES DATEAFFECTED VILLAGE SECTOR BALEMANEA HARTUGAL KUCHEGARM BALEMANEA HARTUGAL KUCHEGARM HARURG KUCHEGARM HARTUGAL KUCHEGAR VILLAGE IS BEYOND 5 kM
District Level Sub-committee under the control of Deputy Commissioner, Uttara Kannada is constituted and is as follows: OFF-SITE EMERGENCY RESPONSE CO-ORDINATION COMMITTEE (KGOERCC) SL. NO. MEMBER POSITION 1.DEPUTY COMMISSIONER, U.K. DISTRICT, KARWAR OFF SITE EMERGENCY DIRECTOR 2.SITE DIRECTOR/STATION DIRECTOR KGS 1& 2/STATION DIRECTOR KGS-3&4 MEMBER 3.ADDITIONAL DEPUTY COMMISSIONER, U.K. DISTRICT, KARWAR MEMBER SECRETARY & ALTERNATE OED
SL. NO. MEMBERPOSITION 4.DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE, U.K. DIST.MEMBER 5.ADDITIONAL SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE, U.K. DIST.MEMBER 6.BLOCK DEVELOPMENT OFFICER, U.K. DISTRICTMEMBER 7.TECHNICAL SERVICES SUPERINTENDENT OF THE AFFECTED STATION, KAIGA SITE MEMBER 8.DISTRICT MEDICAL OFFICER, U.K. DISTRICT KARWARMEMBER 9.FOOD ASSISTANT TO DEPUTY COMMISSIOENR, U.K. DIST.MEMBER 10.DISTRICT HEALTH & FAMILY WELFARE OFFICER, U.K.MEMBER 11.EXECUTIVE ENGINEER, NATIONAL HIGHWAY, KARWARMEMBER 12.DISTRICT INFORMATION OFFICER, U.K. DISTRICTMEMBER 13.DEPOT MANAGER, NWKRTC, KARWAR DEPOTMEMBER 14.REGIONAL TRANSPORT OFFICER, U.K. DISTRICTMEMBER 15.DEPUTY CONSERVATOR OF FORESTS, KARWAR DIVISIONMEMBER 16.DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF FISHERIES, U.K. DISTRICTMEMBER 17.MUNICIPAL COMMISSIONER, KARWARMEMBER
SL. NO. MEMBERPOSITION 18.DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY & VETERINARY SERVICES, U.K. DISTRICT MEMBER 19.EXECUTIVE ENGINEER, KPTCL, KARWARMEMBER 20.EXECUTIVE ENGINEER, PUBLIC WORKS DEPT. KARWARMEMBER 21.GENERAL MANAGER, TELECOM, BSNL KARWARMEMBER 22.OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, INDIAN OIL CORPORATION, KARWAR (FOR IOC CO- ORDINATION) MEMBER 23.DISTRICT COMMANDANT, HOME GUARDS, U.K. DISTRICTMEMBER 24.COMMANDANT, CISF KAIGAMEMBER 25.MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT, KAIGAMEMBER 26.OFFICER-IN-CHARGE, ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEY LABORATORY, KAIGA GENERATING STATION MEMBER 27.PRINCIPAL AGRICULTURAL OFFICER, U.K. DISTRICTMEMBER 28.THE ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, ALL INDIA RADIO, KARWARMEMBER 29.THE ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, DOORDARSHAN, KARWARMEMBER 30.ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER, UTTAR KANNADA, KARWARMEMBER
1.Alerting the villages in the area regarding safety measures. 2.Distribution of Iodine Tablets as a prophylactic. 3.Evacuation 4.Enforcement of access control to affected areas 5.Sheltering 6.Rehabilitation RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE COMMITTEE
7.Ensuring blockage of contaminated articles such as : Crops Vegetables Milk Fish and other form and marine products if required. 8.Arranging for the security and safety of the public and their property. 9.Liaison with agencies such as Military, Civil Defense, Police, Home Guards, Public, Health, Media and Agriculturists etc., RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE COMMITTEE …..contd.from pre-page
DISTRICT RESPONSE GROUPS Sl. No. ResponsibilityStake Holders 1. Security & Traffic Management ( Plan -1 Warning and Advice ) Supdt. Of Police, UK Dist. Commandant, Home Guards Civilian Group 2Health Team (Plan-2 Prophylaxis) Dist. Health Officer Leader Dist. Surgeon Para-medical Staff PDO Of Gram Panchayats 3Transportation (Plan-3 Evacuation) Regional Transport Officer Divisional Controller, KSRTC Circle Inspector of Police Traffic 4.Food & Civil Supplies D D (Food & Civil Supplies) Indian Oil Corporation Officer. Dist. Manager KFCSC
DISTRICT RESPONSE GROUPS Sl. No. ResponsibilityStake Holders 5.Publicity & Awareness District Information Officer – Leader Officers-in-charge of Doordarshan & All India Radio President Dist. Journalists Association 6.Infrastructure (Maintenance of Road, Water Supply, Power, Communication etc.,) Executive Engineer, P.W.D. – Leader Executive Engineer, P.R.E. Executive Engineer, National Highway Executive Engineer, Port, Karwar Executive Engineer KW Executive Engineer, HESCOM General Manager, B.S.N.L. 7.Rescue Teams Assistant Commissioner, Karwar – Leader - Tahasildar Karwar/Ankola/Yellapur/Joida - Taluka Panchayat Executive Officers of Karwar/Ankola/ Yellapur/Joida
DISTRICT RESPONSE GROUPS Sl. No. ResponsibilityStake Holders 8.Shelter Points Assistant Commissioner, Kumta – Leader - Deputy Secretary, Zilla Panchayat, - President & Members, Gram Panchayats. - Municipal Commissioners, Karwar/ Ankola/Yellapur - Deputy Director of Public Instruction, Karwar & Sirsi. 9.Sampling Collections Deputy Conservator of Forests – Leader - Joint Director of Agriculture - Deputy Director, Animal Husbandry - Deputy Director of Fisheries - Executive Engineer, Water Supplies - KSPCB
SL. No Village to be Evacuated PopulationRallying post and distance from the village Village to Rallying post Road route Number. Running time (HH:MM) No. of Buses needed Parking yard & Distance of parking yard from village Karwar taluka 2.3 to 5 km 1Hartuga304Siddar 3741:153 Karwar 55 TRANSPORT REQUIREMENT AND RALLYING POSTS FOR EVACUATION SECTOR L Sl. NoRallying post Shelter points Shelter Taluk AccommodationNo. of persons that can be accommodated 1Siddar KarwarHigh school500 DETAILS ABOUT SHELTER POSTS CUM RALLYING POSTS SECTOR - L
Chronology Of Events- Planned Sl.NoSequence of actionsPlanned timeAGENCY 1Declaration of plant emergency Radiological conditions indicate requirement of site emergency 0415 KGS 2Advisory group arrives at plant site0500KGS 3Declaration of site emergency by SED0520KGS 4Met. Lab confirms affected sector is Sector L from wind direction. 0525KGS 5ESL prepares for survey of affected Sector L0530KGS 6 High radiation field (at site boundary reported by HPU and SED informs DC, Karwar (OED) as preparatory to offsite emergency 0530KGS 7Kaiga Advisory group leaves for ECC, Kaiga Township 0540KGS 8Radiological conditions at Hartuga informed to ECC by ESL staff 0710ESL KGS
Sl.NoSequence of actionsPlanned timeAgency 8DC, Karwar arrives at ECC, Kaiga Township and takes over from SED. 0710DC, Karwar 9OED declares offsite emergency plan- 1&2 (Sheltering and Prophylaxes administration) after getting Radiation field results reported by ESL survey team 0720DC, Karwar 10Warning and advice team for announcement for warning and advice in the affected village. Medical team will proceed to Hartuga (affected village). Police personnel from Mallapur police station will go to affected village for security of villagers and property 0730Dy. SP KARWAR PSI MALLAPUR DHO KARWAR M.O. DEVALAMAKKI Chronology Of Events- Planned
Sl.NoSequence of actionsPlanned timeAGENCY 11Traffic diversion at the following locations: 1.Anshi village 2.Siddar village 3.Forest Check Post, Kaiga Cross 4.Forest Check Post, Asnoti. 5.At Idagundi on Karwar-Yellapur road Police posted at traffic diversion point. 0740Dy. SP KARWAR PSI MALLAPUR PSI JOIDA PSI KARWAR RURAL PSI YELLAPUR 12Warning and Advice Team and prophylaxis teams inform to ECC at Kaiga Township that the announcement and prophylaxis distribution (mock) is completed 0900Dy. SP KARWAR PSI MALLAPUR DHO KARWAR M.O. DEVALAMAKKI 13OED declares offsite emergency plan-3 (Evacuation) based on radiological report from affected sector. 0920DC, Karwar 14Police personnel, doctors, para medical staff and district supply officer are sent to rallying post to receive evacuees and food material. ( rallying post – Govt. High school Siddar) 0930Dy. SP KARWAR DHO KARWAR ADC, Karwar Chronology Of Events- Planned
Sl.NoSequence of actionsPlanned timeAGENCY 15NWKRTC, arranges buses to proceed to Hartuga village and from there to Rallying Post.(Govt. High school Siddar) 0940 Divisional Controller NWKRTC 16 Evacuation completed1140 Divisional Controller NWKRTC 17Evacuees reach rallying post. ECC is informed after reaching ADC, Karwar 18Information of normal radiological conditions in affected sector 1240 ESL KGS 19OED terminates offsite emergency1245 DC, Karwar 20Rehabilitation of evacuees (Buses need not go to village) 1400 Divisional Controller NWKRTC 21SED terminates site emergency after radiological conditions at site boundary are normal 1300 KGS 22Observers return to ECC for feed back session1430 ALL CONCERNED Chronology Of Events- Planned
Environmental sampling and survey team (Main): Team leaves from ESL at 0530 Hrs Team Leader : ESL Kaiga Members of ESL team + 2 persons from HPU who will go in Emergency survey vehicle from plant site. Sampling and survey checklist. Sampling and survey instruments. Protective clothing including shoes. TLDs Sample collection and storage devices. Emergency Survey Vehicle, ESL vehicle and one backup vehicle will be used for this purpose. TEAM-1
Environmental sampling and survey team (Backup): Team Leader : ESL Kaiga Members of ESL team + 2 persons from HPU who will go in Emergency survey vehicle from plant site. Sampling and survey checklist. Sampling and survey instruments. Protective clothing including shoes. TLDs Sample collection and storage devices. Emergency Survey Vehicle, ESL vehicle and one backup vehicle will be used for this purpose. TEAM-2
TEAM-3 Warning and Advice : Team leaves from ECC at 0630 Hrs Team leader: PSI Mallapur + 4 Men Observer : NPCIL with addl Responsibility of videography W&A check list Observer check list Announcement Envelope Mega Phone Protective gear TLD Police Jeep with Wireless Team -3 and Team-4 will go together in the village.
TEAM-4 Team leaves from ECC at 0630 Hrs This team will be in two groups covering the village Team leader: MO Devalamakki and MO Kadra PM Staff : 04 from PHC (2 M +2 F) Observer+ assistance: MO & HPU from NPCIL Kaiga : Two Police personnel with Medical team Check list Observer Check list Prophylaxis Protective gear TLD Team -3 and Team-4 will go together in the village. CPI Kadra will be the overall coordinator for the teams at Hartuga village Medical Team
TEAM-5 Team leader: AC Karwar / Tahsildar Karwar Team members RI Ghadsai and Two Police Persons for assistance in Evacuation and to guard the village after evacuation in village (This will be from the team 3 and team 4) Sampling by PCB (independent) 1 JD (Agriculture)1 + 1 Vet Team Cont monitoring (Med team HP will oversee) Observer : NPCIL Check list TLD Protective Clothing Bag for collecting protective cloth Village Team This Team will leave from ECC at 0730 Hrs
TEAM-6 Vehicle De- contamination Team leader : NPCIL, Kaiga Observer: HPU, NPCIL, Kaiga Protective clothing De-contaminating Agents Carboy / bucket Shoving implements Water Plastic bag for collecting contaminants TLD The bus from Hartuga village will stop at the De contamination point for decontamination Team leaves from ECC at 0630 Hrs
TEAM-7 Traffic diversion : Team leader :Two PC at each point Observer : NPCIL Barricades Wireless Mobiles In / Out Register Torch light 1.ANASHI from Kumbarwada 2.ASNOTI from Chittakula 3.SIDDAR from Karwar Rural 4.IDAGUNDI from Yellapur town 5.KAIGA CROSS from Mallapur Police personnel to reach these points by 0545 Hrs
TEAM-8 Rallying Post (Higher primary School Siddar) Team leader: EO ZP Members: DD (Food) : DHO + Doctors + Two PM staff : DD (W & Child) / Reception centre : DY.SP / CPI Observer: NPCIL Team will be formed at Siddar by 0900 Hrs