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History  Three-Mile Island, 1979 -Slow, nonconsistent decision- making -Uncoordinated Public Information -Loss of credibility with Government and the.

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Presentation on theme: "History  Three-Mile Island, 1979 -Slow, nonconsistent decision- making -Uncoordinated Public Information -Loss of credibility with Government and the."— Presentation transcript:


2 History  Three-Mile Island, 1979 -Slow, nonconsistent decision- making -Uncoordinated Public Information -Loss of credibility with Government and the utility  Federal planning began in 1980, program funded in 1982

3 REP Staff Bill Clare, Planning Section Supervisor o Teri Engelhart – Program Manager Federal Agency liaison o Vacant - Planner Prairie Island plant/Pierce County o Bob Busch – Planner Point Beach plant/Manitowoc County o Sue Meilahn – Planner Kewaunee Power Station/Kewaunee County o Anita Cornell - Office Operations Associate o Kelly Markor – Office Operations Associate

4 Kewaunee Point Beach Zion Byron Prairie Island Nuclear Plants Requiring Wisconsin Planning and Exercising LCBWR

5 Radiological Emergency Planning  Utility Plans, based on NRC regulations  Government Plans -National Response Framework Radiological/Nuclear Incident Annex -Wisc Emergency Response Plan Radiological Incident Annex -County Plans (Annex I) -Municipal plans

6 Utility Plan  Utility plans are written in accordance with Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulations and rules.  Utility plans address on-site response actions, including off-site notifications to counties and the state.

7 State Plan  The State Plan is written in accordance with FEMA/NRC regulations (NuReg-0654) and the Code of Federal Regulations.  Plans are reviewed annually by FEMA and must include a crosswalk to criteria described in NuReg-0654.

8 County Plans  Risk county plans must also be written in accordance with FEMA/NRC regulations, reviewed annually, and include a crosswalk to NuReg-0654.  Ingestion county plans must be written to include actions to mitigate and respond to a radiological incident.  Other counties should have a radiological annex that includes response plans for radiological incidents such as transportation accidents.

9 Planning Standards  Assignment of Responsibility  Emergency Response Support & Resources  Emergency Classification System  Notification Methods  Emergency Communications  Public Education & Information  Emergency Facilities & Equipment  Accident Assessment  Protective Response  Radiological Exposure Control  Medical & Public Health Support  Recovery and Re-entry Planning  Exercises and Drills  Radiological Emergency Response Training  Responsibility for Planning

10 Emergency Planning Zone  10 mile diameter circle with the plant at the center.  Counties within the 10 mile area are considered “risk” counties.  The 10 mile EPZ is where plume related Protective Actions are taken.


12 Ingestion Planning Zone  50 mile diameter circle with the plant at the center.  Counties outside of the 10 mile area but within the 50 mile zone are considered “ingestion” counties.  The 50 mile IPZ is where sampling of food products, water, vegetation, and soil will be analyzed for contamination.


14 Exercises  The exercise cycle is currently 6 years. (changing to 8 yr cycle) During this 6 year cycle, the state must conduct at least one ingestion exercise and each plant must be exercised every other year.  Hostile Action planning requirements will begin in 2012. A Hostile Action Ex will have to be conducted before the end of 2015 and once every 8 years thereafter.  Participants must include players from the utility, state and the risk county(s).  10 - 12 months of planning; Exercise Evaluation Guides and scenario must receive FEMA approval. Nation-wide, REP is adopting the HSEEP methodology.

15 Exercise Evaluation  State and Counties are evaluated on 6 criteria. 1) Emergency Operations Management 2) Decision-making for protective actions 3) Implementation of protective actions 4) Field measurement and analysis 5) Emergency notification and public information 6) Support operations/facilities

16 Emergency Operations Management Facilities, Equipment, Plans and Procedures  FEMA initially evaluates the State and County EOCs and reception centers.  Also evaluated are command and control, communications, equipment and supplies, survey instruments, laboratory operations, maps, and supplies of KI.  Notification processes and mobilization are evaluated for effectiveness and timeliness. Both primary and back-up systems may be evaluated.

17 Decision Making for Protective Actions  The utility recommends a protective action and the State Radiological Coordinator evaluates the recommendation and WEM and the County(s) must concur on whether to go with the utility’s recommendation.  Decisions regarding schools, special populations, livestock, and KI must be demonstrated.  Emergency worker exposure control, KI.

18 Implementation of Protective Actions Once a protective action decision is made, it must be implemented.  Management of emergency worker exposure control.  Instruction to take KI. (EW vs. Public)  Implement decisions regarding schools and functional needs populations.  Traffic access and control.

19 Field and Laboratory Operations  Field team equipment.  Field teams (DHS, CST, RAP) take samples from various media; air, ground, water, vegetation. The samples must follow a chain of custody and be couriered to the Mobile Lab or the State Lab of Hygiene.  Mobile Lab equipment and operations.

20 Notification and Warnings  Sirens - Exception areas - Failure of sirens  Press releases, media briefings  EAS messages  Public Inquiry Hotline

21 Care of Evacuees  Reception Centers - Monitoring and decontamination, public, emergency workers and vehicles.  Congregate Care Centers - Registration - Mass Care - Medical Services

22 Ingestion Exercises  An ingestion exercise must be done once during each six-year (soon to be 8) cycle for the state and each risk county.  Ingestion exercises are usually two days and involve more players. Planning can take 12 - 14 months.  Recovery actions are evaluated. Re-entry, return and relocation decisions, as well as many agriculture and disposal issues are demonstrated.

23 Emergency Classification Levels  Classification levels are determined by plant conditions - Notification of Unusual Event - Alert - Site Area Emergency - General Emergency


25 NARS and PARs The ultimate goal of EOC activities is to protect the health and safety of the public.  Sectors vs. Sub-areas  Default PAR  15 minute rules  Situational evaluation

26 Real Events  WEM automatically activates the State EOC at the Alert level.  State agencies include DATCP, DNR, DHS, DCF, DOT (State Patrol and Highways), DMA, PSC, DOC, and DOJ.  Federal agencies could include DOE (FRMAC,RAP), FEMA, NRC, CDC, FDA, USDA, and EPA.  Other agencies – American Red Cross, VOAD.

27 Questions?

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