Presentation on theme: "History Three-Mile Island, 1979 -Slow, nonconsistent decision- making -Uncoordinated Public Information -Loss of credibility with Government and the."— Presentation transcript:
History Three-Mile Island, 1979 -Slow, nonconsistent decision- making -Uncoordinated Public Information -Loss of credibility with Government and the utility Federal planning began in 1980, program funded in 1982
REP Staff Bill Clare, Planning Section Supervisor o Teri Engelhart – Program Manager Federal Agency liaison o Vacant - Planner Prairie Island plant/Pierce County o Bob Busch – Planner Point Beach plant/Manitowoc County o Sue Meilahn – Planner Kewaunee Power Station/Kewaunee County o Anita Cornell - Office Operations Associate o Kelly Markor – Office Operations Associate
Kewaunee Point Beach Zion Byron Prairie Island Nuclear Plants Requiring Wisconsin Planning and Exercising LCBWR
Radiological Emergency Planning Utility Plans, based on NRC regulations Government Plans -National Response Framework Radiological/Nuclear Incident Annex -Wisc Emergency Response Plan Radiological Incident Annex -County Plans (Annex I) -Municipal plans
Utility Plan Utility plans are written in accordance with Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulations and rules. Utility plans address on-site response actions, including off-site notifications to counties and the state.
State Plan The State Plan is written in accordance with FEMA/NRC regulations (NuReg-0654) and the Code of Federal Regulations. Plans are reviewed annually by FEMA and must include a crosswalk to criteria described in NuReg-0654.
County Plans Risk county plans must also be written in accordance with FEMA/NRC regulations, reviewed annually, and include a crosswalk to NuReg-0654. Ingestion county plans must be written to include actions to mitigate and respond to a radiological incident. Other counties should have a radiological annex that includes response plans for radiological incidents such as transportation accidents.
Planning Standards Assignment of Responsibility Emergency Response Support & Resources Emergency Classification System Notification Methods Emergency Communications Public Education & Information Emergency Facilities & Equipment Accident Assessment Protective Response Radiological Exposure Control Medical & Public Health Support Recovery and Re-entry Planning Exercises and Drills Radiological Emergency Response Training Responsibility for Planning
Emergency Planning Zone 10 mile diameter circle with the plant at the center. Counties within the 10 mile area are considered “risk” counties. The 10 mile EPZ is where plume related Protective Actions are taken.
Ingestion Planning Zone 50 mile diameter circle with the plant at the center. Counties outside of the 10 mile area but within the 50 mile zone are considered “ingestion” counties. The 50 mile IPZ is where sampling of food products, water, vegetation, and soil will be analyzed for contamination.
Exercises The exercise cycle is currently 6 years. (changing to 8 yr cycle) During this 6 year cycle, the state must conduct at least one ingestion exercise and each plant must be exercised every other year. Hostile Action planning requirements will begin in 2012. A Hostile Action Ex will have to be conducted before the end of 2015 and once every 8 years thereafter. Participants must include players from the utility, state and the risk county(s). 10 - 12 months of planning; Exercise Evaluation Guides and scenario must receive FEMA approval. Nation-wide, REP is adopting the HSEEP methodology.
Exercise Evaluation State and Counties are evaluated on 6 criteria. 1) Emergency Operations Management 2) Decision-making for protective actions 3) Implementation of protective actions 4) Field measurement and analysis 5) Emergency notification and public information 6) Support operations/facilities
Emergency Operations Management Facilities, Equipment, Plans and Procedures FEMA initially evaluates the State and County EOCs and reception centers. Also evaluated are command and control, communications, equipment and supplies, survey instruments, laboratory operations, maps, and supplies of KI. Notification processes and mobilization are evaluated for effectiveness and timeliness. Both primary and back-up systems may be evaluated.
Decision Making for Protective Actions The utility recommends a protective action and the State Radiological Coordinator evaluates the recommendation and WEM and the County(s) must concur on whether to go with the utility’s recommendation. Decisions regarding schools, special populations, livestock, and KI must be demonstrated. Emergency worker exposure control, KI.
Implementation of Protective Actions Once a protective action decision is made, it must be implemented. Management of emergency worker exposure control. Instruction to take KI. (EW vs. Public) Implement decisions regarding schools and functional needs populations. Traffic access and control.
Field and Laboratory Operations Field team equipment. Field teams (DHS, CST, RAP) take samples from various media; air, ground, water, vegetation. The samples must follow a chain of custody and be couriered to the Mobile Lab or the State Lab of Hygiene. Mobile Lab equipment and operations.
Notification and Warnings Sirens - Exception areas - Failure of sirens Press releases, media briefings EAS messages Public Inquiry Hotline
Care of Evacuees Reception Centers - Monitoring and decontamination, public, emergency workers and vehicles. Congregate Care Centers - Registration - Mass Care - Medical Services
Ingestion Exercises An ingestion exercise must be done once during each six-year (soon to be 8) cycle for the state and each risk county. Ingestion exercises are usually two days and involve more players. Planning can take 12 - 14 months. Recovery actions are evaluated. Re-entry, return and relocation decisions, as well as many agriculture and disposal issues are demonstrated.
Emergency Classification Levels Classification levels are determined by plant conditions - Notification of Unusual Event - Alert - Site Area Emergency - General Emergency
NARS and PARs The ultimate goal of EOC activities is to protect the health and safety of the public. Sectors vs. Sub-areas Default PAR 15 minute rules Situational evaluation
Real Events WEM automatically activates the State EOC at the Alert level. State agencies include DATCP, DNR, DHS, DCF, DOT (State Patrol and Highways), DMA, PSC, DOC, and DOJ. Federal agencies could include DOE (FRMAC,RAP), FEMA, NRC, CDC, FDA, USDA, and EPA. Other agencies – American Red Cross, VOAD.