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U.S. Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School The U.S. Army’s Special Operations Center of Excellence The overall classification of this.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School The U.S. Army’s Special Operations Center of Excellence The overall classification of this."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School The U.S. Army’s Special Operations Center of Excellence The overall classification of this brief is: UNCLASSFIED/FOUO Briefer: Type of Brief: Date: Version: The Institute for Military Support to Governance COL Warmack Information v5

2 2UNCLASSFIED/FOUO BACKGROUND

3 3UNCLASSFIED/FOUO The WWII - Civil Affairs and Military Government was a single organizational structure designed to conduct occupation duty in Europe and Asia. The School of Military Government (SOMG) was established in Charlottesville, Virginia in 1942. Historic Roots The SOMG lacked capacity throughput to meet demand, therefore establishing the Civil Affairs Training Schools (CATS) at premier academic institutions such as Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Stanford, University of Michigan, etc. The SOMG and Military Government capability eroded due to lack of demand in Cold War conflicts like Korea and Vietnam. The SOMG and CATS generated approximately 6,000 Military Government officers.

4 4UNCLASSFIED/FOUO Veritas et Libertas The concept of Functional Specialists derives from our history in World War II – Civil Affairs and Military Government, to conduct occupation duty in post-war Europe and Asia Relied upon the inherent civilian skills brought into uniform The current model is flawed due to The current model is flawed due to – o Alignment with Unified Action Partners operational lines o Depletion of historical inventory of experts due to retirements and operational tempo o An inability to procure veritable talent and deliver the right skill, at the right place, at the right time o An inability to adjudicate a practitioners capability to plan and execute at the local, provincial, or national / regional level Functional Specialist Program

5 5UNCLASSFIED/FOUO National Defense Strategy, Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21 st Century Defense – Deter and Defeat Aggression (A Primary Mission of U.S. Armed Forces)... “includes being able to secure territory and populations and facilitate a transition to stable governance on a small scale for a limited period using standing forces and, if necessary, for an extended period with mobilized forces.” DoDD 5100.01 Functions of the DoD and Its Major Components – Directs the Army to “occupy territories abroad and provide for the initial establishment of a military government, pending transfer of responsibility to other authority.” DoDD 3000.005 Stability Operations – Directs DoD components to Conduct, Support, or Lead Stability Operations. JP 3-07 Stability Operations – Defines Transitional Military Authority as “a temporary military government exercising the functions of civil administration in the absence of a legitimate civil authority.” JROCM #162-11 CA DOTMLPF Recommendation – Doctrine, Organizational, and Personnel changes to CA formations in general and CA Functional Specialty capabilities in governance, economic stability, public health and welfare, rule of law, infrastructure, public education, and public information. FM 27-10 Law of Land Warfare – The legal authority for military government or transitional military authority is the Hague Convention, Number IV in 1907. ADRP 3-07 Stability Operations – Army doctrine in conducting transitional military authority. The Blueprint Why Military Governance? The Blueprint

6 6UNCLASSFIED/FOUO IMSG generates the civil sector expertise for: PREVENT “…build the capacity of partners to secure populations, protect infrastructure, and strengthen institutions as a means of protecting common security interests, preventing conflict…” “…address shared interests and enhance partners’ security, governance, economic, development, essential services, rule of law, and other critical functions as part of unified action.” SHAPE “…engagement with partners to co-develop mutually beneficial capabilities and capacities to address shared global interests.” WIN “civil military operations in a multinational environment with partners and among diverse populations to support allies and partners, protect and reassure populations, and isolate and defeat enemies within the operational environment in support of unified action.” (Army Capstone Concept, 19 DEC 2012)

7 7UNCLASSFIED/FOUO Gaps Derived from JROCM 162-11 The Army requires the capability to procure, educate, and incorporate the necessary civil sector expertise to integrate and support Unified Action planning and execution. The Army requires a mechanism to capture lessons learned, cross-pollinate best practices with Unified Action Partners, and develop concepts that foster efficient integration and transition. The Army requires the capability to manage a network of relationships in order to leverage the private sector.

8 8UNCLASSFIED/FOUO ReceivedHon. Thomas Lamont (Assistant Secretary of the Army JUN 2011 for Manpower and Reserve Affairs) Memorandum ReviewedJoint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) Civil Affairs DEC 2011 DOTMLPF Change Recommendation Memorandum MetGEN Rodriguez (CDR, FORSCOM), LTG Cleveland OCT 2012 (CDR, USASOC), LTG Talley (CDR, USARC / Chief, USAR) PresentedUS Institute of Peace FEB 2013 CollaboratedUS Army War College, West Point Center for FEB 2013 Civil-Military Operations, DoS Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations BriefedLTG Cleveland (CDR, USASOC) MAR /APR 2013 BriefedUSARC / OCAR Senior Leaders MAR 2013 Submitted38G Military Occupational Classification & Structure Packet JUN 2013 BriefedLTG Talley (CDR, USARC / Chief, USAR) JUL 2013 Developing a way ahead for IMSG

9 9UNCLASSFIED/FOUO PHASE I

10 10UNCLASSFIED/FOUO Mission – The Institute for Military Support to Governance (IMSG) establishes a corporate body to research, analyze, and shape the policies, authorities, and doctrine required to leverage and employ civil sector expertise in contingencies. IMSG Mission – Phase I Functions – Shape policy and develop doctrine and training related to civil sector expertise. Leverage the private sector

11 11UNCLASSFIED/FOUO IMSG Phase I Timeline PHASE I OUTCOME – 38G Implementation Doctrinal Production PHASE I OUTCOME – 38G Implementation Doctrinal Production JUN 13 JUL 13 AUG 13 SEP 13 OCT 13 NOV 13 DEC 13 JAN 14 FEB 14 MAR 14 IMSG Initial Team in place Publish First White Paper BG Director identified and in-place Develop Draft Charter Develop MOU Develop IMSG TDA Determine Charter Members Facilities Established Publish Charter PHASE I KEY TASKS – 1. “Get the shingle out” 2. Distribute white papers 3. Research, analyze and shape policies, authorities, and doctrine PHASE I KEY TASKS – 1. “Get the shingle out” 2. Distribute white papers 3. Research, analyze and shape policies, authorities, and doctrine

12 12UNCLASSFIED/FOUO IMSG Proposed Structure Academic Dean Dean US Director Institute for Military Support to Governance Operations & Integration Section Civil Security Department Governance Department Economy and Infrastructure Department Rule of Law Department Essential and Humanitarian Services Dept Homeland Integration Department Deputy Director, AGR 38A COL Asst Dean GS-14 USAR AGR DAC (USASOC) AC AGR USAR TPU / IMA Aide-De-Camp TPU / AGR 38A CPT Operations Officer, AGR 38A MAJ Asst Operations, DA Civilian Asst Operations, AGR 38A CPT Operations NCO, AGR E8 Public Affairs Officer, MAJ Director USAR COL Lead Coord AGR 38A LTC / MAJ Partners – -USAID -Dept of Education Director USAR COL Lead Coord AGR 38A LTC / MAJ Partners – -Military Police -Maneuver COE -National, state, and local law enforcement entities Director USAR COL Lead Coord AGR 38A LTC / MAJ Partners – -DOS -USAID -JAG -Court systems Director USAR COL Lead Coord AGR 38A LTC / MAJ Partners – -DOS -USAID -State Government -Local Government Director (Econ) USAR COL Lead Coord AGR 38A LTC / MAJ Partners – -USAID -USACE -Department of Agriculture -Chamber of Commerce Director (Infra) USAR COL Director USAR COL Lead Coord AGR 38A LTC / MAJ Partners – -DHS -Private/Public Partnerships Private Sector Integrator 38 A MAJ

13 13UNCLASSFIED/FOUO PHASE II

14 14UNCLASSFIED/FOUO Mission – The Institute for Military Support to Governance (IMSG) is corporate body to research, analyze, and shape the policies, authorities, and doctrine; manages and leverages a network of relationships; conduct professional credentialing of Military Governance Officers; and support concept development for experimentation in order to provide civil sector expertise to the Joint Force Commander and achieve Unified Action. Proposed IMSG Mission – Phase II Functions – Shape policy and develop doctrine and training related to civil sector expertise Shape policy and develop doctrine and training related to civil sector expertise Leverage our ‘Fifth Force Provider’ – the private sector Leverage our ‘Fifth Force Provider’ – the private sector Extend operational reach Identify and coordinate with pertinent credentialing associations Establish advanced educational opportunities at premier academic institutions Perform talent management

15 15UNCLASSFIED/FOUO IMSG Proposed PH II Timeline PHASE I KEY TASKS – 1. “Get the shingle out” 2. Distribute white papers 3. Research, analyze and shape policies, authorities, and doctrine PHASE I KEY TASKS – 1. “Get the shingle out” 2. Distribute white papers 3. Research, analyze and shape policies, authorities, and doctrine 3Q FY 13 1Q FY 14 3Q FY 14 4Q FY 14 1Q FY 15 4Q FY 13 2Q FY 14 2Q FY 15 3Q FY 15 4Q FY 15 PHASE II KEY TASKS – 1. Establish credentialing for 38G 2. Develop Doctrine and Training 3. Inject 38G capabilities into concepts and experiments PHASE II KEY TASKS – 1. Establish credentialing for 38G 2. Develop Doctrine and Training 3. Inject 38G capabilities into concepts and experiments Brief Key Decision Makers BG Director identified and in-place IMSG Initial Team in place MOCS Packet thru HQDA Facilities Established IMSG38G FDU IMSG develops recruit and credential plans CA Proponent Implement DOTMLPF solutions for 38G Set conditions to recruit and train 38G

16 Veritas et Libertas Distinct Roles and Functions Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute Center for the Study of Civil-Military Operations Institute for Military Support to Governance FOCUS – Serve as the U.S. Army’s Center of Excellence for Stability and Peace Operations at the Strategic and Operational levels in order to improve military, civilian agency, international, and multinational capabilities and execution. FOCUS – Developing West Point leaders to capitalize on their understanding of CMO within the framework of the broad challenges they will face in military service. Facilitate transformational changes to Professional Military Education across DoD and interested USG activities. West Point established as a wellspring of Professional Military Education in the realm of CMO. FOCUS – Phase I – A corporate body to research, analyze, and shape the policies, authorities, and doctrine required to leverage and employ civil sector expertise to support Army and Joint Force Commanders at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels. Phase II (Proposed) – A corporate body to research, analyze, and shape the policies, authorities, and doctrine; manages and leverages a network of relationships; conducts professional credentialing of Military Governance Officers; and supports concept development for experimentation required to leverage and employ civil sector expertise to support Army and Joint Force Commanders at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels to achieve Unified Action.

17 17UNCLASSFIED/FOUO IMSG and CMAG

18 18UNCLASSFIED/FOUO IMSG is a component of CA Futures Planning CA Future 38G Concept IMSG Concept 3-57.40 Rewrite CA Org. Future Force Structure Concept CA Re- assignment Initiative Future Core Compe- tencies Civil- Military Advisory Group (CMAG)

19 Civil Military Advisory Group Part of SOCOM’s effort to expand the Global SOF network and ARSOF 2022’s vision of “Operationalizing the CONUS base” Established national-level forum for stakeholders for civil-military collaboration, integration and planning that can analyze, inform and develop strategies across the spectrum of conflict and emerging crisis. Incremental build beginning with the establishment of a CMAG cell within the SOCOM CCF structure. The CMAG cell would work to build and sustain relationships for collaboration, integration and planning capability to support activities at both the operational and tactical level. In an ambiguous and complex environment the CMAG will systematize the relationships and mechanisms required to better integrate whole of government (Unified Action Partners) and other relevant partners’ efforts in support of USG objectives. CMAG is not a duplicative effort but complementary to meet operational requirements.

20 Veritas et Libertas Unified Goals Common Goals Information Analysis and Fusion Procure Talent Coordinate with Stakeholders Standing Expertise Academic Research Cross-Pollinate Best Practices Educational Opportunities Establish Credentialing Gates Operational Support Experimentation Concept Development Institute for Military Support to Governance Civil Military Advisory Group

21 USAID Department of State (DOS) USSOCOM 95th Civil Affairs Brigade (Airborne) CMAG GCC TSOC Theater CMSE SOF CA BN CAPT Function: Support TSOC planning efforts; Coordinate SOF CA ISO TSOC Objectives; Build Partnership activities; Provide Civil Component of TSOC OPE; Coordinate Crisis Response. SOF CA Company CMOC TSOC Forward Function: Provide Civil Component of OPE; Fuse CMSE/CAT CIM data ISO Regional Targeting Priorities; Develop plans to engage threats to civil society by, with and through legitimate indigenous authorities IOT reduce, mitigate and eliminate civil vulnerabilities. US Embassy USEMB Country Team CMSE SOF CA Team (CAT) Function: Conduct Targeted CAO; Conduct CIM; Leverage Country Team programmatics, HN assets and NGO capabilities ISO TSOC Objectives. Operational Framework CONPLAN 7500 TSCP GEF 0 PHASE DOD GWOT Campaign Construct/ 7500 Indirect Approach Shape and Stabilize 1.Enable Partners to Combat VEOs 2.Deter Tacit and Active support to VEOs 3.Erode Support for Extremist Ideologies Increase Friendly Freedom of Action Reduce Enemy Freedom of Action MSP COP Non-Conflict EnvironmentConflict Environment F PROCESS Preventative Engagement Current Gap Relevant Partners

22 22UNCLASSFIED/FOUO Hoover Institution Stanford University UNC Institute for Global Health & Infectious Diseases Naval Postgraduate School Borlaug Institute for International Agriculture Texas A & M Harvard Kennedy School of Government USAID National Defense University Institute Of Peace DOS CMAG Notre Dame School of Business JTF HOA AFRICOM IMSG Northwestern Center for Public Safety USC Keston Institute for Public Finance and Infrastructure Policy UVU Institute of Emergency Services and Homeland Security USCAPOC Kenya Agricultural Research Institute Stem rust is a fungus that damages wheat and other cereal crops. In recent years, a particularly virulent strain (Ug99) emerged in Uganda and is currently spreading to Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan and Yemen. Ug99 is becoming more virulent as it spreads. This strain of stem rust fungus causes crop yield losses of 50 to 70 percent resulting in food insecurity, population vulnerability and, without intervention, famine. Ug99 is a threat to global agriculture and the global food supply. IMSG Concept Potential Scenario: Crop Failure in Sudan US Army PKSOI JTF HOA soldiers report wheat crop failures in rural South Sudan

23 23UNCLASSFIED/FOUO 38G

24 24UNCLASSFIED/FOUO IMSG supports 38G Concept Development CA Future 38G Concept IMSG Concept 38G Required Capabilities IMSG IMSG Required Capabilities 3-57.40 Rewrite CA Org. Future Force Structure Concept CA Re- assignment Initiative Future Core Compe- tencies Civil- Military Advisory Group (CMAG)

25 25UNCLASSFIED/FOUO IMSG Phase II: 38G (No Growth) 187187 240240 132132 21 38G positions derived from existing 38A functional specialty authorizations 673 346 1106 Current 38A 62 433 159 974 38A 41 38G Grade38A38GTotal O641 21 62 O5159187346 O4433240673 O39741321106 Total16075802187

26 26UNCLASSFIED/FOUO 38G Professional Tiering

27 27UNCLASSFIED/FOUO 38G Professional Tiering Education Experience / Certifications Master Recognized Expert in Field Education Experience / Certifications Positions coded w/SI for professional expertise and specialty skill Distinguishes professional abilities for effective employment Expert Masters 8 Years Experience Professional Certifications PhD Terminal Professional Certifications Master Senior *4 Years Experience *Professional Certifications Bachelors *Masters * Requires two Basic Bachelors >4 Years Experience 12 Yrs Exp

28 28UNCLASSFIED/FOUO IMSG Logic Map for Phase I 38G Concept IMSG Concept 38G Required Capabilities IMSG Required Capabilities AGR Position Description & Org Chart SWCS, USASOC, TRADOC, DA approvals IMA (MOB) IMSG POM Line Initial Talent Recruitment IMSG Tasks Identified IMSG Troops to Task Analysis Proposed IMSG TDA Establish Funding Accounting Procedures Occupy IMSG As Is SWCS submits to DPW($8K) (OCT13) DoD Schools vacate (JAN14) Design Plan ID Requirement & Authorization Submit Civ Workforce Management Council Packet Classification Request for Personnel Action Hiring Board Submit to Critical Requirement Review Committee Submit UFR UFR Board or VOCO MIPR DPW Start Work IMSG Provisional TDA IMSG in ARSTRUCT Contracting Gain Line of Accounting for Provisional TDA IMSG Location (Irwin Middle) Refurb Work Order Project complete QA/QC Reoccupy IMSG Occupy Temporary Offices Coordinate w/ USARC and SLDO Transfer Positions to SWCS Reserve TDA Coordinate w/ USARC G-3 Direct Military Overhire Auth GS Civilian Transfer Positions to SWCS AGR TDA Determine Funding Source Personnel Vetting Orders Process PHASE I KEY TASKS – 1. “Get the shingle out” 2. Distribute white papers 3. Research, analyze and shape policies, authorities, and doctrine PHASE I KEY TASKS – 1. “Get the shingle out” 2. Distribute white papers 3. Research, analyze and shape policies, authorities, and doctrine Publish Charter Orders Process Informs Leads To

29 29UNCLASSFIED/FOUO DoctrineDevelop 38G / application of civil sector expertise doctrine OrganizationInput 38G / civil sector expertise to the Force Design Update Process Facilitate interaction between civil sector experts and Unified Action Partners Training Coordinate IET for accessing 38G, Inform development of 38G BOLC II Material Inform Force Development Update regarding Mil-Gov requirements Leadership & Education Identify and Inform education opportunities on the application of civil sector expertise within Unified Action. Personnel Manage personnel life cycle of 38G in conjunction with CA personnel proponent Facilities CAAF through 2018 PolicyIdentify suboptimal Mil-Gov and Military Support to Governance policies and initiate corrective action IMSG Required Capabilities

30 30UNCLASSFIED/FOUO Backup

31 31UNCLASSFIED/FOUO IMSG Summary The Institute for Military Support to Governance – Creates the capability to meet long standing US military governance obligations Generates the civil sector expertise required to support future operations IMSG Phase I (no growth) – Focuses on policies, authorities, and doctrine IMSG Phase II – Generates 38G (converts existing 38A force structure) Credentials civil sector experts Develops 38G doctrine and training Supports concept development and experimentation Establishes advanced educational opportunities at premier academic institutions Performs talent management of civil sector experts Supports operational practitioners with situational research and analysis

32 32UNCLASSFIED/FOUO Military Governance Training Pipeline CONCEPT 38A Non 38A Branch Transfer BOLC – ABOLC – B Civilians Direct Appointment 38G Civilian Education and Experience Validated Reclassification Training Requires TRADOC Approval Regional Analysis 4 weeks Regional Analysis 4 weeks DL RC CAQC(-) 3 weeks DL RC CAQC(-) 3 weeks Regional Analysis 4 weeks DL Branch Technical 4 weeks DL Branch Technical 4 weeks DL Branch Technical 4 weeks DCC 5 weeks BOLC Common 3 weeks CAQC Completed Schools Existing ARMY Existing SWCSFuture SWCS Ft. Bragg, NC Ft. Benning, GA Ft. Bragg, NC

33 33UNCLASSFIED/FOUO Resources PEOPLEFACILITIES FUNDINGAUTOMATION 1 x BG Director, TPU / IMA 7 x 38A COL Dept Sr Advisors, TPU / IMA 1 x 38A COL Dep Director, (O6) AGR (En Route) 6 x 38A LTC Lead Coordinator, AGR * 1 x 38A CPT Asst Ops Officer, AGR 1 x 38B MSG Ops NCO, AGR 1 x 38A CPT Aide-De-Camp, AGR / TPU Initial space in Bryant Hall Irwin Middle School complex (Estimated FEB 14 - $100K FY 14) Initial phone / IT support in Bryant Hall Irwin Middle School complex ($52K FY 14 ) 1 x DAC Asst Dean, GS-14 1 x 38A LTC, Lead Coordinator, AGR (SWCS Auth – En Route) 1 x DAC, Asst Operations, GS-11 1 x MAJ Ops Officer, AGR (SWCS-En route ADOS) 1 x CPT Public Affairs, AC BOLD = Currently Committed FY 13 - $15K TDY FY 14 - $108K TDY FY 14 - $12K O&M RPA for TPU / IMA (29 Days AT / 24 Days IADT) *Six (6) Total Lead Coordinators AC or AGR

34 34UNCLASSFIED/FOUO Developing IMSG Touch Points Institute Partners and the Expanded Network IMSG CMAG Extended Partners Charter IMSG Partners Borlaug Institute Texas A & M JTF GCC US Army War College PKSOI Center for the Study of CMO – West Point USC Rule of Law Collaborative Hoover Institution Stanford Naval Postgraduate School UNC School of Government Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies Harvard Kennedy School of Government USAID National Defense University US Institute Of Peace DOS NATO CIMIC COE George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies ASA M&RA OSD Public-Private Collaboration TSOC

35 35UNCLASSFIED/FOUO The realm of Military Governance Operations Veritas et Libertas Unclassified The Operational Context Combined Arms Maneuver The application of the elements of combat power in unified action to defeat enemy ground forces; to seize, occupy, and defend land areas; and to achieve physical, temporal, and psychological advantages over the enemy to seize and exploit the initiative. Wide Area Security The application of the elements of combat power in unified action to protect populations, forces, infrastructure, and activities; to deny the enemy positions of advantage; and to consolidate gains in order to retain the initiative. Unified Action Synchronization, coordination, and/or integration of the activities of governmental and non- governmental entities with military operations to achieve unity of effort To Achieve... Support to GCCs and Ambassadors Unified Land Operations How the Army seizes, retains, and exploits the initiative to gain and maintain a position of relative advantage in sustained land operations through simultaneous offensive, defensive, and stability operations in order to prevent or deter conflict, prevail in war, and create the conditions for favorable conflict resolution. By Means of the Army’s Core Competencies... Provides the Operational Context Lasting Stable Peace Defeat or Stability Mechanisms... How Friendly Forces Accomplish the Mission PREVENT SHAPE WIN Foreign Humanitarian Assistance Build Partner Capacity Support to Civil Administration Control Populations and Resources Transitional Military Authority Transition OffensiveDefensiveStabilityDSCA DestroyDislocate Disintegrate IsolateInfluenceSupportCompelControl


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