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Ch 17 Manifest Destiny Theme: American expansionism gained momentum in the 1840s, leading first to the acquisition of Texas and Oregon, and then to the.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch 17 Manifest Destiny Theme: American expansionism gained momentum in the 1840s, leading first to the acquisition of Texas and Oregon, and then to the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch 17 Manifest Destiny Theme: American expansionism gained momentum in the 1840s, leading first to the acquisition of Texas and Oregon, and then to the Mexican War, which added vast southwestern territories to the United States and ignited the slavery question. Theme: American international prestige grows as the United States expands. Successful military campaigns against Mexico along with well negotiated treaties with Britain force Europe to respect America more while Latin America begins to be wary of the “Colossus of the North.”

2 I. Tyler Struggles A.Election of “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too” B.President Tyler 1.Struggles with Whigs a.Veto 3 rd BUS (2x) and two years for a tariff! b.9/11/41 Resignations and expulsion c.Impeachment attempt (House vote ) 2.Struggles with British a.Caroline Incident, 1837 b.Aroostock War, 1838 c.Creole Incident, 1841 d.Webster-Ashburton Treaty, 1842

3 II. Polk Flourishes A.“Manifest Destiny” 1.“sea to shining sea” JQA John L. Sullivan 3.Thomas Hart Benton B.Election of Expansionists Democrats a. “Fifty-Four Forty or Fight” 2.Clay undecided on Texas 3.Liberty Party 4.After election: Tyler annexes TX as lame duck C.Presidency-COIL

4 American Progress by John Gast (1872)

5 III. Oregon A.International Dispute 1.Adams-Onis Treaty 2.AFT Co. on Columbia River B.American Migration 1.Oregon Trail (Jed Smith) 2.17 miles per day in Willamette Valley 4.Whitmans C.British Dispute 1.Proposed 49 th parallel 2.South happy with Joint Resolution in Texas 3.Oregon Treaty, 1846

6 IV. Mexican War A.Texas Republic, 1836 B.Texas Annexation, 1845 C.Causes of War 1.Mexican anger over annexation 2.Boundary dispute 3.Payment to Americans D.Steps to War 1.Slidell’s Mission 2.Zachary Taylor to Rio 3.War Message a.Lincoln’s “spot resolutions” b.On the Duty of Civil Disobedience (1849)

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8 V. Impact A.Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago A.Provisions 1.CA, NM, AZ, UT, and NV 2.$15 and $3,250,000 3.Bitter Debate 4.Wilmot Proviso B.Impact A.Huge territory increase! B.Manifest Destiny Increased! C.“Colossus of the North” D.“Civil War Pre-game”

9 Map Questions (use the maps and charts in chapter 17 to answer the questions) 1.The Webster-Ashburton Treaty line settled the boundary between the American state of Maine and which two Canadian provinces? 2.The part of the Oregon Country that was in dispute between the United States and Britain lay between what two boundaries? 3.How many degrees and minutes of latitude were the northern and southern boundaries of the whole Oregon Country? 4.Stephen Kearny’s invasion route from Fort Leavenworth to Los Angeles led him across what three rivers? 5.Name any three of the cities within present-day Mexico that were occupied by the armies of generals Taylor or Scott.

10 Map Answers 1.Quebec and New Brunswick 2.Columbia River and the forty-ninth parallel 3.12 degrees 40’ 4.Rio Grande, Gila, and the Colorado 5.Three of the following: Matamoros, Monterey, Vera Cruz, and Mexico City


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