Presentation on theme: "2 3 The Upanishads The four Vedas end with even later works, called the Upanishads The Upanishads are a collection of about a hundred written."— Presentation transcript:
The Upanishads The four Vedas end with even later works, called the Upanishads The Upanishads are a collection of about a hundred written works that record insights into external and internal reality. It means “sitting near”- suggesting sitting near a teacher The Upanishads are written primarily in dialogue form, appearing both as prose and as poetry.
Important concepts of the Upanishads
It refers to the wheel of life, to the circle of constant rebirth It suggests strongly that the everyday world is full of change as well as struggle and suffering The phrase “You only live once” does not apply to Hinduism. You can be reborn MANY TIMES But how many would each of us really like? Ten, a thousand, a million? Many of those would inevitably be unhappy. Sooner or later most of us would want to liberate.
The wheel of life: The central figure is Yama- death personified In his jaws and claws all beings are said to reside The widest of the circles portrays the six realms of existence - samsara Realms of the gods, anti-gods, humans, animals, hungry ghosts, and hells. Each realm is a potential destination for transmigrating beings, depending on the amount of good or bad karma they have accumulated.
It means “freedom” or “liberation” It comes from a root that means “to be released” It is the ultimate human goal Becoming one’s own self=becoming Brahman