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Part 3. Air-ground communications July 1917 COMMUNICATION METHODS Air-Ground Communication (Definition) two-way communication between aircraft and stations.

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Presentation on theme: "Part 3. Air-ground communications July 1917 COMMUNICATION METHODS Air-Ground Communication (Definition) two-way communication between aircraft and stations."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Part 3. Air-ground communications July 1917

3 COMMUNICATION METHODS Air-Ground Communication (Definition) two-way communication between aircraft and stations or locations on the surface of the earth Radiotelephony communication by means of radio waves rather than by transmitting along wires or cables SELCAL selective-calling radio system that can alert an aircraft's crew that a ground radio station wishes to communicate with the aircraft. Controller-Pilot Data Link Communications (CPDLC) means of communication between controller and pilot, using data link for ATC communications. TELS P 09

4 Radiotelephony and/or data link shall be used in air-ground communications for air traffic services purposes. General Requirements ATS units to be provided with and to maintain guard on the emergency channel MHz When direct pilot-controller two-way radiotelephony or data link communications are used for the provision of air traffic control service, recording facilities shall be provided on all such air-ground communication channels. Recordings shall be retained for a period of at least thirty days.

5 Radiotelephony Procedures GENERAL Word Spelling in Radiotelephony: when proper names, service abbreviations and words of which the spelling is doubtful are spelled out in radiotelephony the ICAO Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabet shall be used

6 RADIOTELEPHONY SPELLING ALPHABET

7 Exercise: Give the approximate pronunciation of the following: 9VDHU YSTEC JZYTY OORWB FXLQKV GALIM ZANIG Radiotelephony Procedures

8 PRONUNCIATION OF NUMBERS When English Language is used, numbers shall be transmitted using following pronunciation: NUMERAL or NUMERAL ELEMENT PRONUNCIATION ZE-RO WUN TOO TREE AIT SEV-en SIX FIFE FOW-er NIN-er Decimal Hundred Thousand DAY-SEE-MAL HUN-dred TOU-SAND

9 TRANSMISSION OF NUMBERS Ô All numbers shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit separately transmitted as BRU 242 BMA 600 THY 001 Zena two three eight examples: aircraft callsigns TGZ 238 Belavia two four two Midland six zero zero Turkish zero zero one Radiotelephony Procedures

10 TRANSMISSION OF NUMBERS Ô All numbers shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit separately transmitted as FL 200 FL 135 FL 80 flight level one eight zero examples: flight levels FL 180 flight level two zero zero flight level one three five flight level eight zero Radiotelephony Procedures

11 TRANSMISSION OF NUMBERS Ô All numbers shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit separately transmitted as 160 degrees 18 knots gusting 30 knots wind two zero zero degrees seven zero knots examples: wind direction & speed 200 degrees 70 knots wind one six zero degrees one eight knots gusting three zero Radiotelephony Procedures

12 TRANSMISSION OF NUMBERS ALL numbers used in transmission of ALTITUDE, CLOUD HEIGHT, VISIBILITY & RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE information shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit in the number of hundreds or thousands followed by the word HUNDRED or THOUSAND as appropriate. Combinations of thousands and whole hundreds shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit in the number of thousands followed by the word THOUSAND followed by the number of hundreds followed by the word HUNDRED Radiotelephony Procedures

13 TRANSMISSION OF NUMBERS Ô Hundred, thousand & combination of thousand & hundred transmitted as one zero examples: number 10 seven five one hundred five eight three two thousand five hundred Radiotelephony Procedures

14 TRANSMISSION OF NUMBERS Ô Hundred, thousand & combination of thousand & hundred transmitted as five thousand examples: number one one thousand two five thousand three eight one four three Radiotelephony Procedures

15 TRANSMISSION OF NUMBERS Ô Hundred, thousand & combination of thousand & hundred transmitted as eight hundred examples: altitude 800 three thousand four hundred one two thousand Radiotelephony Procedures

16 VERIFICATION OF NUMBERS When accuracy of reception of numbers needs to be verified, the person transmitting shall request the person receiving to read back the numbers Radiotelephony Procedures

17 TRANSMISSION OF TIME Only the minutes of the hour are normally required. Each digit should be pronounced separately. Hour included if possibility of confusion. statement 1643 (4:43 p.m.) TOO ZE-RO or ZE-RO NIN-er TOO ZE-RO examples: time 0920 (9:20 a.m.) FOW-er TREE or WUN SIX FOW-er TREE Note: Co-ordinated Universal Time (UTC) shall be used 1300 (1:00 p.m.)WUN TREE ZE-RO ZE-RO Radiotelephony Procedures

18 STANDARD WORDS & PHRASES Word/PhraseMeaning ACKNOWLEDGE AFFIRM APPROVED Let me know that you have received and understood this message Yes Permission for proposed action granted Radiotelephony Procedures CANCEL CHECK Annul the previously transmitted clearance Examine a system or procedure. (No answer is normally expected)

19 STANDARD WORDS & PHRASES Word/PhraseMeaning CONFIRM CONTACT CORRECT CORRECTION Establish radio contact with… That is correct Have I correctly received the following…? or Did you correctly receive this message? An error has been made in this transmission (or message indicated). The correct version is … DISREGARDConsider that transmission as not sent Radiotelephony Procedures

20 STANDARD WORDS & PHRASES Word/PhraseMeaning GO AHEAD HOW DO YOU READ I SAY AGAIN What is the readability of my transmission? I repeat for clarity and emphasis Proceed with your message Note- not normally used in surface movement communications NEGATIVENo or Permission not granted or That is not correct Radiotelephony Procedures REQUESTI should like to know … or I wish to obtain …

21 STANDARD WORDS & PHRASES Word/PhraseMeaning OVER READ BACK REPORT Repeat all, or specified part, of this message back to me exactly as received Pass me the following information My transmission is ended and I expect a response from you Note- not normally used in VHF comms. REQUESTI should like to know … or I wish to obtain … Radiotelephony Procedures

22 STANDARD WORDS & PHRASES Word/PhraseMeaning ROGER SAY AGAIN SPEAK SLOWER STANDBY Repeat all, or the following part, of your last transmission Wait and I will call you I have received all of your last transmission Note- not to be used in reply to a question requiring readback or a direct answer in the AFFIRM or NEGATIVE Reduce your rate of speech VERIFYCheck and confirm with originator Radiotelephony Procedures

23 STANDARD WORDS & PHRASES Word/PhraseMeaning WILCO WORDS TWICE a)As a request: Communication is difficult. Please send every word or group of words twice b)As information: Since communication is difficult, every word or group of words in this message will be sent twice (Abbreviation for ‘will comply’) I understand your message and will comply with it Radiotelephony Procedures

24 Questions…


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