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Bovine Tuberculosis Dr. Rick Smith Assistant State Veterinarian over Ruminant Programs Bovine TB Program Coordinator MDARD.

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Presentation on theme: "Bovine Tuberculosis Dr. Rick Smith Assistant State Veterinarian over Ruminant Programs Bovine TB Program Coordinator MDARD."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bovine Tuberculosis Dr. Rick Smith Assistant State Veterinarian over Ruminant Programs Bovine TB Program Coordinator MDARD

2 Overview Background of Saginaw TB infection Outcomes at infected farms Trace investigation outcomes Circle testing and outcomes How the Saginaw herd infection happened Lessons learned What about Michigan’s TB Free Status? Questions & Answers

3 Background February 19 - cow discovered at slaughter February 25 - Saginaw herd quarantined February 28 - slaughter cow bovine TB positive March 12 - Michigan strain of bovine TB

4 Ante-Mortem Test Results March herd TB tested o 17% caudal fold response rate o 13% gamma interferon - 6 mo. +

5 2013 Saginaw Co. TB positive dairy herd Gratiot & Midland Co. TB positive herds Arenac & Huron Co. TB positive feedlots 2013 March 25 - Saginaw dairy May 1 - Gratiot & Midland herds September 5 - Arenac feedlot 2014 February 27 - Huron feedlot #1 April 3 - Huron feedlot #2

6 Outcomes - Infected Herds June 7 - Small freezer beef herd depopulated in Midland County. June 19 - Small dairy beef herd depopulated in Gratiot County. August 8 - Saginaw dairy herd completed depopulation. February 3 - Arenac feedlot complete depopulation with assistance from law enforcement Bay Port & Port Hope feedlots in process of depopulation

7 Trace Investigations Outcomes State and Federal veterinarians followed 248 traces to 198 unique farms that were linked to the infected farms and feedlots Three TB affected herds were found as a result of these investigations – Gratiot, Midland, Arenac herds mention on previous slides 78 of the 198 herds needed to TB test - 17,209 head of cattle

8 Circle Testing Public Act requires circle testing Typically 10-mile circles Three overlapping 10- mile circles - Saginaw, Gratiot, Midland Feedlot circles - 3 miles - Arenac, (2) Huron

9 Circle Testing All cattle herds in circle must be tested within 6 months, unless: o Herd plan to test later o Feedlot agreement to only to sell to slaughter Herds not under quarantine until the day the actual TB testing begins Once the testing is completed the quarantine may be released

10 What to Test in Circle Test? Cattle and bison 12 months of age and older All non-natural additions Goats that are comingling with the cattle or bison that are 6 months of age and older Captive cervids that are comingling with the cattle or bison that are 12 months of age and older

11 2013 Circle Testing Outcomes 107 farms tested in Saginaw-Gratiot- Midland-Arenac County circles o 11,438 cattle tested No further disease discovered !

12 2014 Circle Testing 1 st Huron County circle test (Bay Port) o 3 mile - 24 premises in database o March 31 - September 30 2 nd Huron County circle (Port Hope) o 3 mile - 24 premises in database o May 6 - November 6

13 How Saginaw Herd Infection Happen Genetic testing of TB found in Saginaw herd linked Saginaw herd’s infection to bovine TB found in wildlife (deer, raccoons, opossums) and cattle in NE Lower Peninsula’s Modified Accredited Zone To date all wildlife testing in Saginaw region has been negative

14 How Saginaw Herd Infection Happen Trace investigation found that Saginaw herd last purchased milking cows in mid-90s Market records Three different source herds that had provided the Saginaw herd with bulls were TB tested - 6,085 head of cattle all tested negative

15 How Saginaw Herd Infection Happen Most likely source of infection was from a cow purchased in mid-90s, perhaps from dispersal sale in TB zone Similar case found in November 1993 at Isabella County dairy through slaughter surveillance Smith et al - JAVMA, August 1, 2013 o one infected animal introduced into dairy herd o 6 to years to discover the infection through slaughter surveillance

16 How Saginaw Herd Infection Happen Multiple factors likely involved in causing the infection to spread through the herd during the summer of 2012  Stress of heat and drought in summer of 2012  Stress of calving  Spatial stress – tight quarters  Feeding unpasteurized milk to calves.

17 How Other Herd Infections Happen Gratiot - infection introduced from feeding infected unpasteurized milk from Saginaw dairy Midland - infected animal originated from Saginaw dairy Arenac - infection introduced by feeding unpasteurized milk from Saginaw dairy at Gratiot farm in 2012 Huron County feedlots - infected cattle from Saginaw herd purchased

18 Lessons Learned Important to identify all cattle moving off Michigan farms with RFID tags  Because Saginaw farm’s 2012 bull calves were not identified with RFID tags it complicated the trace investigation Not feeding unpasteurized milk to calves  At least two of the three other farms found with TB were infected by feeding unpasteurized milk to calves

19 What About Michigan’s TB Free Status?

20 Questions?


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