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Animal Disease Emergency George Teagarden Livestock Commissioner KS Animal Health Dept.

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Presentation on theme: "Animal Disease Emergency George Teagarden Livestock Commissioner KS Animal Health Dept."— Presentation transcript:

1 Animal Disease Emergency George Teagarden Livestock Commissioner KS Animal Health Dept

2 KANSAS LIVESTOCK INDUSTRY $12+ Billion Cattle Cattle –6.6m head feedlot capacity –8.9m head processed Ranks 2nd Ranks 2nd –5.5m fed Ranks 2nd Ranks 2nd –1.5m grazed –1.5m cows Swine Swine –150,000 sows –3m feeder pigs Dairy Dairy –88,000 cows Sheep Sheep –100,000 head Meat processing - 18,700 employees Meat processing - 18,700 employees

3 Kansas Beef 2 nd, 5.5 m, fed cattle marketed 2 nd, 5.5 m, fed cattle marketed 2 nd, 8.9m, cattle processed by packers 2 nd, 8.9m, cattle processed by packers 2 nd, $322.6 m, value of exported hides 2 nd, $322.6 m, value of exported hides 3 rd, 5.63 bn #, red meat production 3 rd, 5.63 bn #, red meat production 3 rd, 6.65 m, cattle on ranches & feedlots 3 rd, 6.65 m, cattle on ranches & feedlots 6 th, 1.55 m, beef cows 6 th, 1.55 m, beef cows

4 United States 1 in 6 US jobs 1 in 6 US jobs –Direct or indirect tied to Agriculture

5 Emergency Plan Quick Action Quick Action USDA Secretary’s Declaration USDA Secretary’s Declaration Governor’s Declaration of Emergency Governor’s Declaration of Emergency County Emergency Declaration County Emergency Declaration Presidential Declaration Presidential Declaration

6 Gold Standard for Intentional Introduction= Foot and Mouth Most contagious animal virus Most contagious animal virus One virus inhaled, ten ingested = infection One virus inhaled, ten ingested = infection 10 – 20 % mortality, up to 95 % morbidity 10 – 20 % mortality, up to 95 % morbidity Susceptible = cloven hoofed (cattle, swine, sheep, goats, deer, NOT humans) Susceptible = cloven hoofed (cattle, swine, sheep, goats, deer, NOT humans)

7 Symptoms of Foot and Mouth Disease Painful vesicles in mouth, tongue, feet, teats, GI tract Painful vesicles in mouth, tongue, feet, teats, GI tract Excessive salivation Excessive salivation High fever High fever Lameness Lameness Off feed / depressed Off feed / depressed

8 How is FMD spread in “normal” outbreaks ?? Most spread = move infected animals Most spread = move infected animals Man, vehicles, equipment Man, vehicles, equipment Wind --- up to 20 Km jumps have been documented Wind --- up to 20 Km jumps have been documented England outbreak- some disease spread via milk truck England outbreak- some disease spread via milk truck

9 How could FMD be intentionally introduced ???? FMD on every continent except North America, Australia, Antarctica FMD on every continent except North America, Australia, Antarctica Outbreaks occur frequently – England, Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, etc. Outbreaks occur frequently – England, Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, etc. Infected animals awash in virus Infected animals awash in virus Various media, nutrient broth will allow for virus survival in a test tube Various media, nutrient broth will allow for virus survival in a test tube Virus will survive in some cured meats for 1.5 years Virus will survive in some cured meats for 1.5 years

10 Ramifications of an FMD Outbreak Routine Foreign Animal Investigation in Holton, KS- word leaks out – cattle futures, live prices, grain prices, stocks plummet Routine Foreign Animal Investigation in Holton, KS- word leaks out – cattle futures, live prices, grain prices, stocks plummet Real outbreak costs = untold billions Real outbreak costs = untold billions Recent exercise = 20 states affected = at day 30 = >700,000 personnel needed Recent exercise = 20 states affected = at day 30 = >700,000 personnel needed

11 FMD = National Emergency 1 case =Exports stop, animal movements halted, quarantine zones, animals destroyed, entire economy affected 1 case =Exports stop, animal movements halted, quarantine zones, animals destroyed, entire economy affected Infected premises = pay for all livestock depopulated at pre-disaster prices Infected premises = pay for all livestock depopulated at pre-disaster prices Government= pays all costs associated with response Government= pays all costs associated with response Many producer costs not reimbursed, unless congress reacts Many producer costs not reimbursed, unless congress reacts

12 1st Line of Defense Producer and Veterinary Practitioner Producer and Veterinary Practitioner Recognize, Report, Respond Recognize, Report, Respond Biosecurity Plan - Develop Plan with Vet Biosecurity Plan - Develop Plan with Vet

13 PLAYERS Governor Governor TAG (KEM & KSNG) TAG (KEM & KSNG) –KS National Guard Kansas Animal Health Dept Kansas Animal Health Dept USDA Veterinary Services USDA Veterinary Services County Emergency Management County Emergency Management KHP KHP KDA KDA KDHE KDHE KDOT KDOT KBI KBI KDofA - DISC KDofA - DISC KWL&P KWL&P SRS SRS KSU - College of Vet Medicine & Extension Service KSU - College of Vet Medicine & Extension Service Producers Producers Private Veterinary Practitioners Private Veterinary Practitioners Consumers Consumers Local LEPC Local LEPC

14 EOC Levels & FAD Response Actions Level 1 Level 1 –Normal Operations / surveillance Level 2 Level 2 –FAD investigation Level 3 Level 3 –“Highly likely” case Level 4 Level 4 –Confirmation of FAD

15 Confirmed Positive Governor declares State of Disaster Emergency Governor declares State of Disaster Emergency –Public Information Team (PIT) coordinates media release State EOC Activated - Level 4 State EOC Activated - Level 4 –State support agencies report

16 Index Case Considered terrorist attack Considered terrorist attack –Crime scene –Depart of Homeland Defense FBI investigates FBI investigates KBI involved KBI involved Local law enforcement Local law enforcement

17 Level 4 Kansas closes borders Kansas closes borders –Susceptible species Markets and slaughter facilities closed Markets and slaughter facilities closed In-transit livestock In-transit livestock –Returned to origin –Routed around “Q” zone –Holding facility

18 Level 4 State Task Force (disease control) State Task Force (disease control) –Establishes 6 mile radius “Q” Zone –Informs local EM, asks for help!!!! –Begins operations of control and eradication State EOC State EOC –Notifies adjacent EM Offices –KSNG activated- security, burial

19 Surveillance Zone Exposed Zone Infected Premises Quarantine Area 1.5 mi. radius 4.5 mi. radius A Quarantine Area will be imposed around every outbreak discovered

20 Feedlot Cluster Finney Co

21 Level 4 Affected County Affected County –Activates Local Emergency Plan Stands up local EOC Stands up local EOC Requests mutual aid Requests mutual aid –Coordinates media release with PIT

22 Expected of Local EM 1st Responders 1st Responders –Support of disease and eradication efforts Critical Needs Critical Needs –Security –Decontamination equipment –Heavy equipment - burial

23 First Hours Secure “Q” Zone Secure “Q” Zone Stop All Livestock Movement Stop All Livestock Movement –Holding facilities Decontamination Decontamination –Premises –Traffic Burial Burial

24 Support Staff Diagnose, surveillance, burial, C & D Diagnose, surveillance, burial, C & D –100 cow herd –16 hours of daylight –24 hr/day security (12 hr shifts) 16 veterinarians 16 veterinarians 125 people total 125 people total

25 Public Information Team Outbreak news Outbreak news –Producer information –Consumer information –Phone bank –Media conferences

26 Funding USDA USDA –Indemnity for livestock taken –Euthanasia and disposal –C&D Presidential Presidential –FEMA Documented expenses Documented expenses

27 mkt

28 Role of Law Enforcement FBI – Crime scene investigation FBI – Crime scene investigation KBI – Crime scene investigation KBI – Crime scene investigation –Trace movements KHP – Stop movement, Quarantine Security KHP – Stop movement, Quarantine Security County Sheriff – Stop movement, Quarantine security, Enforcement of disease control orders County Sheriff – Stop movement, Quarantine security, Enforcement of disease control orders

29 Military Involvement KNG KNG –Stop movement –Quarantine security –Disposal & burial –Cleaning & disinfection US Military (Presidential Declaration) US Military (Presidential Declaration)

30 Governor’s Authorities KSA , 929, 932 KSA , 929, 932 –States assets Length of declaration Length of declaration –County disaster plan –Powers and duties of county & city officials

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