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Thank you for your interest in our web distributed notes from our weekly bible studies. Some content had to be removed from these slides for copyright purposes, and thus the slides by themselves can be difficult to follow without the original animation sequences, and accompanying notes from the actual study, but we pray that you will still find them useful. You may send any questions to myself at email@example.com and I will try and get answers back to you in a timely manner. firstname.lastname@example.org You may re-use these slides in your own bible studies, both personal and public, and arrangements can be made for accompanying notes and original slide presentations once copyright issues have been resolved. May God bless your effort, and may you grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. Pastor Jerry Eyers Quinn River Baptist Fellowship www.qrbf.org
Isa 28:9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts. Isa 28:10 For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little: The book of Ruth Hos 12:10 I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets. Western mind : Prophesy = Prediction and Fulfillment Midrashic Mind: Prophesy = (Pattern or Prediction) and Fulfillment Heb 5:11 Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing. Heb 5:12 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. Heb 5:13 For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. Heb 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
The Akedah (Gensis 22) And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him. Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off. And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you. And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together. And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering? And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together. And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.
And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I. And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me. And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen. So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba. In Genesis 24, Abraham sends his “eldest servant” to get a bride (Rebecca) for his son. She agrees to marry a man she has never met. The servant gives her gifts as a token of the promise. She follows the servant who leads her to a well called Lahiroi, where she meets Isaac. The Akedah (Gensis 22)
The book of Ruth Our story happens in the time of the Judges, during a period referred to in the scriptures as the worst spiritual time in Israel’s history where everyone did what was right in their own eyes, instead of following God. Elimelech and his wife Naomi leave Bethlehem Judah because of a famine with their two sons Mahlon and Chilion and move to Moab. “God is my King” and his wife “Pleasant” leave the promised land (the house of bread and praise) because of a judgment from God with their two sons “Unhealthy” and “Puny” and move to the land of “cleansing”. Already we can see a pattern developing here when comparing this story with history, namely when Israel left the land in 70A.D. While in Moab, Elimelech dies. Naomi’s two sons take wives of the local gals (forbidden by law). During a 10 year period, both of the sons die. Naomi desires to return to the promised land, and tells her two daughters in law to stay in Moab. Orpah agrees and stays, but Ruth insists on going with Naomi. And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me. - Ruth 1:16-17
So, Naomi returns to the land with the support of Ruth, but destitute. Ruth decides to help Naomi collect grain through gleaning. She “happens” on the field of Boaz, who take a liking to Ruth and blesses her with abundance, and gives her bread and wine as a sign of her favoritism, and protection. Ruth returns to Naomi who sees this “horde” and immediately knows something is up. Naomi then instructs Ruth in Jewish customs on how to act and what to do. Ruth follows the instructions of Naomi, and presents herself to Boaz and asks him to fulfill the kinsman’s part. Boaz is flattered and agrees, and sends back six measures of grain with Ruth as a message to Naomi. Boaz then confronts the nearer kinsmen, who initially agrees to complete the roll, but when all the conditions are laid out, changes his mind and declines to complete to kinsman’s role. He gives Boaz his shoe as a sign of shame to him, but as a sign of success to Boaz. Boaz is then toasted by the elders of the city with a toast that makes you go.. Huh? Boaz then throws a wedding feast. Naomi then meets Boaz for the first time (in the text anyway). Ruth has a son, and he gets named “Obed” which means “servant” or “worshipped”.
Goel, the Kinsman Redeemer There were four requirements for the a man to perform the role of the Kinsman Redeemer 1) He had to be a near Kinsman 2) He had to be able to perform 3) He had to be willing to perform 4) He had to perform ALL the requirements Failure to do or meet any of the above requirements disqualified you as the Kinsman Redeemer. The Kinsman redeemer role included three things: A) Law of Redemption – Lev 25:47-52 B) Law of the Levirate Marriage – Deut 25:5-10 C) The Avenger of Blood – Numbers 35:12-32 If you failed to assume your role as the Kinsman Redeemer, you were publically shamed by the one asking for the service. You then removed your shoe and gave it to the offended party. You then went shoe-less for a week signifying you failed to do your part, and your house was called “the house of him that has his shoe loosed”
Goel, the Kinsman Redeemer There were four requirements for the a man to perform the role of the Kinsman Redeemer 1) He had to be a near Kinsman 1Co 15:20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. 1Co 15:21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. 1Co 15:22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. Rom 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: Rom 5:15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. Rom 5:17 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.) Rom 5:18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. Rom 5:19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Isa 22:22 And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. Jer 22:29 O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the LORD. Jer 22:30 Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.
There were four requirements for the a man to perform the role of the Kinsman Redeemer 2) He had to be able to perform Joh 12:27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour. Joh 12:28 Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. Mat 19:26 But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible. Rev 5:3 And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon. Rev 5:4 And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon. Rev 5:5 And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. Rev 5:6 And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth. Rev 5:7 And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne. Goel, the Kinsman Redeemer
There were four requirements for the a man to perform the role of the Kinsman Redeemer 3) He had to be willing to perform Luk 22:42 Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done. Luk 22:43 And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him. Joh 18:37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. Mat 26:52 Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword. Mat 26:53 Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels? Mat 26:54 But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be? Mat 8:2 And, behold, there came a leper and worshipped him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean. Mat 8:3 And Jesus put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will; be thou clean. And immediately his leprosy was cleansed.
Goel, the Kinsman Redeemer There were four requirements for the a man to perform the role of the Kinsman Redeemer 4) He had to perform ALL the requirements The roll of Redemption: Redeem Israel to the Land, and redeem man from death Hos 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes. Jer 12:15 And it shall come to pass, after that I have plucked them out I will return, and have compassion on them, and will bring them again, every man to his heritage, and every man to his land. The roll of Levirate Marriage:The church (and she is Gentile, fitting the models) The roll of the Avenger of Blood: Cities of refuge – Manslaughter Until the High Priest Died – Then you could leave From OUR point of view, was Jesus death on the cross murder or manslaughter? Luk 23:34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. Isa 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; Isa 61:2 To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn; (See Luke 4:16-21)
Book of RuthBoaz (idiomatically)Jesus Kinsman RedeemerNaomi, Ruth, LandIsrael, Church, Earth Gentile BrideRuthChurch NaomiNever meets until afterIsrael never meets until the weddingafter the wedding of the Lamb Thrashing FloorRuth at feet of BoazChurch hidden in YOUR chambers Shoe (our service)Symbol of ShameWe are not worthy to lose His Marriage Licenserewards for service TraditionsNaomi instructs RuthIsrael instructs the Church Six Measure of GrainWill not rest until complete“Come unto me and I will give you rest” The book of Ruth Boaz is a type of? Naomi is a type of? Ruth is a type of? Naomi’s land is a type of? The threshing floor is idiomatic of? The marriage is idiomatic of? Naomi receives the “Son that is Worshipped” Jesus Christ Israel The church The Promised Land (land of Israel) Judgment of the World The marriage feast of the Lamb Israel receives the Messiah Boaz was: mighty in pedigree (2:1), mighty in power (2:1), in him lay total authority (2:5), riches of grace (2:10), large in provision (2:14 - 16), plenteous in redemption (4:19). Ruth is introduced to Boaz by an unnamed servant (Gen 24; John 16:13) In order to bring Ruth to Boaz, it was necessary for Naomi to be exiled from her land (Isa 6:9-13; Rom 11:11, 12) Are we starting to see why this book was considered a book of prophesy?
Who is the nearer kinsman? And why couldn’t the nearer kinsman fulfill the role? The book of Ruth Psa 14:2 The LORD looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God. Psa 14:3 They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one. Psa 49:6 They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches; Psa 49:7 None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him: Psa 49:8 (For the redemption of their soul is precious, and it ceaseth for ever:) Psa 49:9 That he should still live for ever, and not see corruption. Rom 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: Most scholars associate the nearer kinsman with the law The law is perfect, that is why imperfect man can not keep it! The law had no provision for atonement, and no provision for grace or mercy. You are guilty, or not guilty.
What the law could not do, Jesus Christ did. The LawGrace through Jesus Christ The Law prohibits:Grace invites and gives. The Law condemns the sinner:Grace redeems the sinner. The Law reveals sin:Grace atones for sin. By the Law is the knowledge of sin:by Grace is redemption from sin. The Law was given by Moses:Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. The Law demands obedience:Grace bestows and gives power to obey. The Law says do and do not:Grace says “It is done.” The Law says, Continue to be holy:Grace says, “It is finished.” The Law curses:Grace blesses. The Law slays the sinner:Grace makes the sinner alive. The Law shuts every mouth before God:Grace opens the mouth to praise God. The Law condemns the best man:Grace saves the worst man. The Law says, pay what you owe:Grace says, I freely forgive you all. The Law says “The wages of sin is death”:Grace says, “The gift of God is eternal life.” The Law says, “The soul that sinneth it shall die”:Grace says, Believe and live. The LawMan Under the Law The Law is perfect:that is why imperfect men cannot keep it. The Law is holy:that is why sinners are condemned by it. The Law is just:therefore cannot show mercy to the guilty. And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof? And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon. And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon. And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. Revelation 5:2-5
The Thrashing Floor In every idiomatic representation of the coming judgment of the world by Jesus Christ, those that represent the church are always missing, and those that represent Israel are shown as dying and/or preserved (believing remnant). Between Genesis 22 (Abraham’s offering of Isaac) and Genesis 24 (Isaac united with his bride by the well of “the living water”) there is Genesis 23, the death of Sarah. In Daniel chapter 3, we have Daniel’s three companions are ordered to worship a state endorsed religion on pain of death. They refuse to abandon God, and as a result are thrown into the fiery furnace. They are preserved miraculously through the fire (fire is always an idiom of judgment). One question… Where is Daniel? In the book of Ruth, in the thrashing floor scene, Ruth is at the feet of Boaz. Isa 26:20 Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast. Isa 26:21 For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.
Num 27:1 Then came the daughters of Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of Manasseh the son of Joseph: and these are the names of his daughters; Mahlah, Noah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, and Tirzah. Num 27:2 And they stood before Moses, and before Eleazar the priest, and before the princes and all the congregation, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying, Num 27:3 Our father died in the wilderness, and he was not in the company of them that gathered themselves together against the LORD in the company of Korah; but died in his own sin, and had no sons. Num 27:4 Why should the name of our father be done away from among his family, because he hath no son? Give unto us therefore a possession among the brethren of our father. Num 27:5 And Moses brought their cause before the LORD. Num 27:6 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Num 27:7 The daughters of Zelophehad speak right: thou shalt surely give them a possession of an inheritance among their father's brethren; and thou shalt cause the inheritance of their father to pass unto them. Num 27:8 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a man die, and have no son, then ye shall cause his inheritance to pass unto his daughter. Joshua 17:3-4 Jer 22:29 O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the LORD. Jer 22:30 Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah. The Inheritance of Ruth of the Land through Naomi: (The Daughters of Zelophehad)
The Inheritance of Ruth of the Land through Naomi: (The Daughters of Zelophehad) Any “blood” descendant of Joseph caries the curse from Jeremiah 22:29-30. But since Jesus was not a “blood” descendant of Joseph, he doesn’t carry the curse. The bible records that Mary had a sister. But Heli, Mary’s Father, had no male children. Thus, through the law established by the Daughters of Zelophehad incident, Mary can inherit the benefits of the lineage of David and pass that along to her offspring. Jesus thus inherits the benefit of being a direct descendant of David, along with the legal rights to the throne, without being under the blood curse on the house of David. That’s one of the reasons why the virgin birth was so important, and that is why the bible predicts that Jesus will be of the House AND Lineage of David. The claims of Jesus Christ to the Throne of David hang on the exception for the Daughters of Zelophehad!!
May your house be like Pharez! Deu 23:2 A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the LORD. Rth 4:11 And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem: Rth 4:12 And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman. Rth 4:18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron, Rth 4:19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab, Rth 4:20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, Rth 4:21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed, Rth 4:22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David. (1) Pharez, (2) Hezron, (3) Ram, (4) Amminadab, (5) Nahshon, (6) Salmon, (7) Boaz, (8) Obed, (9) Jesse, (10) David In the book of Ruth is hidden the prophesy that David would be the king of Israel.
Hidden codes in the Bible: Equidistant Letter Sequences (ELS) Rips explained that each code is a case of adding every fourth letter to form a word. Read the code Who has ascended into heaven, or descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is His Son’s name, If you know? Proverbs 30:4 In ancient Hebrew, Father meant progenitor (not necessarily direct Father). Son also meant descendant, no necessarily direct descendant. That’s why in the book of Ruth, Naomi says “I have a son” when in fact it was Ruth’s son. It was through Naomi the line continued. When will Israel recognize Jesus as the Messiah? – After the judgment. What did the Garment represent in Ruth? – Protection, and redemption. On an ELS of 23, starting with the word “heaven” and continuing to “garment” is hidden the phrase: “Until the indicated time of turning toward God, and through Naomi - my Son.” On an ELS of 19, in the same passage is the answer to those questions: “Jesus will mend my people.”