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Hazardous Materials Programs Maria Duazo

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1 Hazardous Materials Programs Maria Duazo
Lamorinda CERT Hazardous Materials Programs Maria Duazo Hazardous Materials Specialist II 4585 Pacheco Boulevard Ste 100 Martinez, CA

2 My Background Hired as a regulator for HazMat programs
HazMat Storage, UGT’s, HazWaste, Stormwater, etc. Hazardous Materials Responder 23+ years State certified Hazardous Materials Instructor FRA, FRO, Tech/Spec, IC HAZWOPER Methamphetamine Drug Lab Waste Fun With Chemistry Identification of Unknown Chemicals Originally started as a U.C.Berkeley Graduate in Environmental Science

3 We are the CUPA Certified Unified Program Agency HazMat Storage
Hazardous Wastes Underground Storage Above Petroleum Storage CalARP (large facilities) Stormwater Contract

4 Award Winning HazMat Team
Won HazMat Olympics at Continuing Challenge Workshop Won the “Name that Unknown” Contest 3 times. Co-Won The first Hazmat Instructor of the Year Award 1st Place in Urban Shield HazMat Competition Leaders in the State, advising hazmat curriculum development and teaching Technicians and Specialists State Wide

5 Urban Shield HazMat Competition
2011- Joint Team with RFD – 3rd 2012 – CCHS-HazMat took 1st short staffed 2013 – CCHS-HazMat took 2nd and 3rd 2014 – CCHS-HazMat took 1st

6 HazMat Hazards in the County
We are the most industrialized CUPA in the state. (17 billion pounds registered with us.) 4 Refineries & several chemical companies. Major transportation routes Pipelines 2 Main Railroads Remote Locations Drug labs Abandonments Agricultural chem.

7 County HazMat Incident Response
Contra Costa Hazardous Materials Incident Response Team (CCHSD-HazMat) Richmond Fire Department HazMat Team San Ramon Valley Fire Protection District HazMat Response Team FRO Decon Teams All Fire Departments MAMFF – Mutual Aid Mobile Field Force Walnut Creek Bomb Squad Industry Resources County HazMat is the County Health Officer Designee for HazMat Incidents

8 Operates 24/7 Regular duty is a 40-hr work week 3 teams of 6 people
Respond from Martinez, centrally located Inspections and Complaint response when not on call 3 teams of 6 people Add more people when needed Every person is assigned the lead role -rotation On duty every 3rd day, if on duty Friday, you’re on duty for the weekend On Call for Weekends & after hours

9 Staffing the County HazMat Team
County HazMat staff includes: 16 HazMat Specialists Almost all on the Incident Response Team 1 HazMat Technician Keeps track of vehicle/equipment etc. 4 Cal. Accidental Release Program Engineers Provide technical info about facilities/processes 3 Management & 3 Administrative Support 3 On-Call Doctors

10 Training – HazMat Response
All CSTI State Certified Technicians / Specialists – recognized by the State Fire Marshall 4 CSTI Certified HazMat Instructors 2 Emergency Medical Technicians Personnel have specialization in - Drug Lab Response - Technical Reference - Rail Cars/Tank Cars - Field Chemical Identification - Radiological - WMD/Terrorism - Asbestos Lead

11 Resources We Bring Personnel & Equipment
2 Primary Vehicles, Flat bed Truck, Box Truck (supply vehicle), and one Pick-Up truck Field ID Chemical Equipment - Reference Sources - Air Monitoring/Sampling Equip. Clean Up Equipment Personal Protective Equipment

12 Resources Available to Us
Access to funding for Clean-up of HazWaste Abandonments, Disposal of Drug Lab Wastes – special arrangement with the State for storage Community Warning System and TENS Plume Modeling

13 Resources Available to Us
Mutual Aid, State OES Coastal Region California National Guard Civil Support Team (C.S.T.) FBI Federal EPA Coast Guard Pacific Coast Strike Team

14 The Haz Mat Problem Over 16 million chemicals in existence
70,000 potentially classified as “hazardous” 17 BILLION pounds registered in CoCoCo

15 Haz Mat Definitions Depends on the Governmental Entity you ask. EPA
DOT OSHA Substance outside normal safe containment in sufficient concentration to pose serious immediate threat to life, environment and property.

16 Haz Mat Incident A hazardous materials incident is any emergency involving the release or potential release of a hazardous material

17 What we are going to cover:
Traditional HazMat Response Household hazmats Recognition Clues Routes of entry What can you do? SIN Decon

18 Who’s Coming to a Traditional HazMat Incident?
HazMat Team EMS Fire service Additional law enforcement resources Public/environmental health Public Works Private sector reps Other government Etc…

19 FRA vs. FRO Trained to initiate an appropriate response sequence
Isolate and deny entry Take no further action Trained to protect people, environment and property from hazmat May respond defensively May work at a distance to contain release.

20 Other Responders in OSHA Regs
Technicians – responds to release to stop the release Specialists – responds with and provides support to technicians Incident Commanders – manages/controls the incident scene Unified command

21 HM Tactical Acronym S.I.N. C.I.A. P.C.P. D.D.D
This presentation will revolve around the first 3 steps that are addressed in every hazmat incident. S.I.N. C.I.A. P.C.P. D.D.D

22 Recognition & ID Outward Indicators Types of Containers
Common Locations Documentation as information Placards, labels, & markings

23 Outward Indicators – not limited to:
Fire, smoke, vapor clouds Visible leaks or damaged containers Loud roar or increased pitch of an operating relief valve Hissing pinging or knocking sounds from closed containers People running, showing signs of dizziness, nausea, etc, unconscious.

24 Additional Indicators
Location/Occupancy Container Type Special Markings Documentation Witnesses Senses

25 Fixed Facilities:

26 Storage Tanks

W Avoid use of water COR Corrosive OXY Oxidizer CRY Cryogenic

28 Transportation - Railroads
General Chemical, City of Richmond

29 Transportation - Highway
Molten Sulfur Transporter, Highway 4 in Oakley

30 Spills: (intentional & accidental)
Paint discharged into storm drain in Danville.

31 Abandonments:

32 Gas Cylinders

33 Typical Incidents: Drug Labs Pittsburg PD Vehicle Stop

34 Spills: (intentional & accidental)
Paint discharged into storm drain in Danville.

35 HazMats In the Home Kitchen Bathrooms Laundry Garage Backyard

36 at the 9 DOT Hazard Classes
Let’s Take a Look at the 9 DOT Hazard Classes

37 1 - Explosives 1.1 – mass explosion - Trinitrotoluene (TNT)
1.2 – projection hazard – shaped charges 1.3 – fire hazard- nitrocellulose with 25% alcohol or more 1.4 – no significant blast – fireworks (common) 1.5 – very insensitive explosive (blasting agent) ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mix (ANFO) 1.6 – extremely insensitive explosive – none

38 2 - Gases 2.1 – flammable 2.2 – non-flammable, non-toxic 2.3 – oxygen
Acetylene – garage Propane – back yard Butane - garage 2.2 – non-flammable, non-toxic Carbon Dioxide – soda stream? Helium - balloons 2.3 – oxygen Medical Cylinders – living room - bedroom 2.4 – poison/toxic

39 3 – Flammable & Combustible Liquids
Diesel, toluene - garage Gasoline, acetone, alcohol (rubbing) Garage, medicine cabinet

40 4 – Flammable Solids Flammable Solids
Red Phosphorus - matches Spontaneously combustible materials Plastic – nitrocellulose based (movie film) Gun Cotton Dangerous when wet materials Lithium metal – battery drawer

41 5 – Oxidizer / Organic Peroxides
Oxidizers Potassium nitrate Sodium Hypochlorite Pool Shock Organic Peroxide Benzoyl peroxide Zit Cream

42 6 – Poison (toxic) Material/Infectious Substance
Poison Arsenic, Cyanide Rat Poison -garage Pesticides -garage Medicines -bedroom, bathroom Infectious Diseases (botulism) Bodily Fluids

43 7 - Radioactive Radioactives Potassium Nitrate Americium
Salt substitute -kitchen Americium Smoke Detectors -ceilings Fiestaware, coffee pot -kitchen

44 8 - Corrosives Corrosives Sodium hydroxide Sulfuric Acid
Red Devil Lye Bathroom, kitchen Sulfuric Acid Toilet Bowl Cleaner Bathroom Hydrochloric Acid Pool Adjustment Backyard, garage

45 pH JEOpHARDY! The pH of Common Fluids Stomach Acid 1.5 Lemon Juice 2.4
back Stomach Acid 1.5 Lemon Juice 2.4 Vinegar 3.0 Orange Juice 3.5 Urine 6.0 Saliva 6.7 Milk 6.5 Pure water 7.0 Blood 7.4 Bile Milk of Magnesia 10.6 Ammonia

46 9 – Miscellaneous Asbestos Elevated temperature Universal Wastes
Transite piping Popcorn ceiling Elevated temperature Asphalt Universal Wastes Fluorescent light bulbs Computers

47 ORM – D Consumer Commodities
Retail Sale commodities Medicines Spray pesticides Cleaning liquids Cigarette lighter fluid, etc. Not bulk sized, yet they still can pose an extreme hazard.

48 OSHA - Danger, Warning, Caution
DANGER - Red; high probability of death or serious injury WARNING - Orange; some probability, CAUTION - Yellow; may cause minor or moderate injury. EPA uses these terms for pesticides CSPC – Consumer Products use these and other words (see book)


50 Health and Safety Issues

51 Toxicity and Risk Toxicity Risk
the ability of a chemical to cause injury Risk likelihood of injury individual susceptibility length of exposure concentration Toxicity: the ability of a chemical to cause injury once it reaches a susceptible site in the body Risk: likelihood to cause injury, individual susceptibility, length of exposure, concentration Compare Cyanide Salts with Anhydrous Ammonia Toxicity describes a characteristic of a chemical, while Risk describes the likelihood of an unsafe exposure


53 Examples of Inhalation:
Smell something Wind shifted Too close to hot zone

54 Examples of Ingestion:
Chewing gum Smoking Not washing hands before eating

55 Examples of Absorption:
Spills/splashes on you No gloves

56 Examples of Injection:
Something contaminated cuts you High pressure exposure


58 Dose the amount of a chemical received over a certain period of time
Chemical Concentration x Length of time of Exposure

59 Exposure vs. Contamination
Exposure is just being in the general area of a substance which may cause contamination. Contamination is actually coming in contact with the material. We will talk about the “3 ups” under Safety.

60 Decontamination Exposure: you are in the area, you could come in contact Contamination: you did come in contact Before leaving a scene, always address personal decontamination issues and exposure report.

61 Decon: Who, What, When & Why
Who/What: People & equipment Victims - Equipment Responders - Structures When: Anytime you suspect contamination Material is visible Why: Prevent escalation of problem Reduce life & health risk Limit spread of hazmat Protect environment and property Reduce cleanup costs &limit liability

62 First Responder Awareness
Safety Isolate/ Deny entry Notify SIN

63 S N I Safety

64 Safe Approach 3 UP’s Upgrade Upstream Upwind

65 Safe Approach Position vehicles away from event…
For quick departure Stop at a Safe Distance Are there any roads closed? May have to leave in a hurry if wind shifts or if incident takes a turn for the worse.

66 On-scene Safety Guidelines
Do not rush to assist Treat unknowns as hazardous until determined otherwise Safe distance; binoculars, rule of thumb Never eat, drink or smoke in the area Do not inhale, touch or ingest Eliminate all ignition sources – flares Reassess continually

67 Isolate & Deny Entry

68 Perimeters & Control Zones
Purpose of Perimeters & Control Zones Ensure safety and isolation Control the scene Limit spread of contamination Allow for safe working area To ensure safety and isolation, limit contamination spread, control scene & allow for activities such as decontamination. Main operational difference between Perimeter & Zones — FRO’s usually set Perimeters and Tech’s/Specialists set Zones.

69 Perimeters & Control Zones
Main operational difference FROs & FRAs usually set Perimeters Techs/Specialists set Zones How do we determine perimeters? ERG HazRef is based on the ERG

70 Perimeters & Control Zones
What to use? Barricades Banner tape Traffic cones Natural/artificial barriers (rivers, buildings, etc) Vehicles Road flares are generally discouraged

71 Contamination Reduction Zone
Control Zones Warm Contamination Reduction Zone Exclusion Zone Support Zone Hot Cold If there are contaminated victims, establish safe refuge area

72 Notifications

73 RP Notification Requirements
Responsible party must make “Mandatory” notifications To proper authorities Releases with potential adverse impact Health Safety Environment

74 Notification Requirements
Responder — make same notifications as back-up RP must make “mandatory” notifications Possible civil/criminal penalties for non–notification!

75 Notification Requirements
Local dispatch CUPA - Certified Unified Program Agency/ AA - Administering Agency – CoCoCo State Warning Center - (800) National Response Center - (800) If within ½ mile of any school – Superintendent of School Calls to 911 on a cell phone don’t always go to a “local” 911 dispatcher. (e.g cell calls in SF Bay Area go to CHP dispatch in Vallejo.) First responders should make mandatory notifications as a back-up even though they aren’t required to (it’s mandatory for the RP).


77 Questions / Evaluations
HazMat Topics / Issues / Concerns to address in the future.

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