Presentation on theme: "Hazardous Materials Programs Maria Duazo Hazardous Materials Specialist II 4585 Pacheco Boulevard Ste 100 Martinez, CA 94553 925-335-3200"— Presentation transcript:
Hazardous Materials Programs Maria Duazo Hazardous Materials Specialist II 4585 Pacheco Boulevard Ste 100 Martinez, CA Lamorinda CERT
My Background n Hired as a regulator for HazMat programs –HazMat Storage, UGT’s, HazWaste, Stormwater, etc. n Hazardous Materials Responder 23+ years n State certified Hazardous Materials Instructor –FRA, FRO, Tech/Spec, IC –HAZWOPER –Methamphetamine Drug Lab Waste –Fun With Chemistry –Identification of Unknown Chemicals n Originally started as a U.C.Berkeley Graduate in Environmental Science
We are the CUPA n Certified Unified Program Agency –HazMat Storage –Hazardous Wastes –Underground Storage –Above Petroleum Storage –CalARP (large facilities) –Stormwater Contract
Award Winning HazMat Team n Won HazMat Olympics at Continuing Challenge Workshop n Won the “Name that Unknown” Contest 3 times. n Co-Won The first Hazmat Instructor of the Year Award n 1 st Place in Urban Shield HazMat Competition n Leaders in the State, advising hazmat curriculum development and teaching Technicians and Specialists State Wide
Urban Shield HazMat Competition n Joint Team with RFD – 3 rd n 2012 – CCHS-HazMat took 1 st short staffed n 2013 – CCHS-HazMat took 2 nd and 3 rd n 2014 – CCHS-HazMat took 1 st
HazMat Hazards in the County n We are the most industrialized CUPA in the state. (17 billion pounds registered with us.) n 4 Refineries & several chemical companies. n Major transportation routes n Pipelines n 2 Main Railroads n Remote Locations –Drug labs –Abandonments –Agricultural chem.
County HazMat Incident Response n Contra Costa Hazardous Materials Incident Response Team (CCHSD-HazMat) –Richmond Fire Department HazMat Team –San Ramon Valley Fire Protection District HazMat Response Team n FRO Decon Teams –All Fire Departments n MAMFF – Mutual Aid Mobile Field Force n Walnut Creek Bomb Squad n Industry Resources n County HazMat is the County Health Officer Designee for HazMat Incidents
Operates 24/7 n Regular duty is a 40-hr work week Respond from Martinez, centrally located Inspections and Complaint response when not on call n 3 teams of 6 people Add more people when needed Every person is assigned the lead role -rotation On duty every 3 rd day, if on duty Friday, you’re on duty for the weekend n On Call for Weekends & after hours
Staffing the County HazMat Team n County HazMat staff includes: –16 HazMat Specialists Almost all on the Incident Response Team –1 HazMat Technician Keeps track of vehicle/equipment etc. –4 Cal. Accidental Release Program Engineers Provide technical info about facilities/processes –3 Management & 3 Administrative Support –3 On-Call Doctors
Training – HazMat Response n All CSTI State Certified Technicians / Specialists – recognized by the State Fire Marshall n 4 CSTI Certified HazMat Instructors n 2 Emergency Medical Technicians n Personnel have specialization in - Drug Lab Response- Technical Reference - Rail Cars/Tank Cars- Field Chemical Identification - Radiological- WMD/Terrorism - Asbestos - Lead
Resources We Bring n Personnel & Equipment n 2 Primary Vehicles, Flat bed Truck, Box Truck (supply vehicle), and one Pick-Up truck - Field ID Chemical Equipment - Reference Sources - Air Monitoring/Sampling Equip. - Clean Up Equipment - Personal Protective Equipment
Resources Available to Us n Access to funding for Clean-up of HazWaste Abandonments, Disposal of Drug Lab Wastes – special arrangement with the State for storage n Community Warning System and TENS n Plume Modeling
Resources Available to Us n Mutual Aid, State OES Coastal Region n California National Guard Civil Support Team (C.S.T.) n FBI n Federal EPA n Coast Guard Pacific Coast Strike Team
The Haz Mat Problem n Over 16 million chemicals in existence –70,000 potentially classified as “hazardous” n 17 BILLION pounds registered in CoCoCo
Haz Mat Definitions n Depends on the Governmental Entity you ask. n EPA n DOT n OSHA n Substance outside normal safe containment in sufficient concentration to pose serious immediate threat to life, environment and property.
Haz Mat Incident n A hazardous materials incident is any emergency involving the release or potential release of a hazardous material
What we are going to cover: n Traditional HazMat Response n Household hazmats n Recognition Clues n Routes of entry n What can you do? n SIN n Decon
Who’s Coming to a Traditional HazMat Incident? n HazMat Team n EMS n Fire service n Additional law enforcement resources n Public/environmental health n Public Works n Private sector reps n Other government n Etc…
FRA vs. FRO n Trained to initiate an appropriate response sequence n Isolate and deny entry n Take no further action n Trained to protect people, environment and property from hazmat n May respond defensively n May work at a distance to contain release.
Other Responders in OSHA Regs n Technicians – responds to release to stop the release n Specialists – responds with and provides support to technicians n Incident Commanders – manages/controls the incident scene –Unified command
HM Tactical Acronym n S.I.N. n C.I.A. n P.C.P. n D.D.D This presentation will revolve around the first 3 steps that are addressed in every hazmat incident.
Recognition & ID Outward Indicators Types of Containers Common Locations Documentation as information Placards, labels, & markings
Outward Indicators – not limited to: n Fire, smoke, vapor clouds n Visible leaks or damaged containers n Loud roar or increased pitch of an operating relief valve n Hissing pinging or knocking sounds from closed containers n People running, showing signs of dizziness, nausea, etc, unconscious.
Additional Indicators n Location/Occupancy n Container Type n Special Markings n Documentation n Witnesses n Senses
NFPA 704 Warning System HEALTH FLAMMABILITY REACTIVITY SPECIAL HAZARDS WAvoid use of water CORCorrosive OXYOxidizer CRYCryogenic
Transportation - Railroads General Chemical, City of Richmond
Spills: (intentional & accidental) Paint discharged into storm drain in Danville.
Typical Incidents: Drug Labs Pittsburg PD Vehicle Stop
Spills: (intentional & accidental) Paint discharged into storm drain in Danville.
HazMats In the Home n Kitchen n Bathrooms n Laundry n Garage n Backyard
Let’s Take a Look at the 9 DOT Hazard Classes
1 - ExplosivesExplosives n 1.1 – mass explosion - Trinitrotoluene (TNT) n 1.2 – projection hazard – shaped charges n 1.3 – fire hazard- nitrocellulose with 25% alcohol or more n 1.4 – no significant blast – fireworks (common) n 1.5 – very insensitive explosive (blasting agent) ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mix (ANFO) n 1.6 – extremely insensitive explosive – none
2 - Gases n 2.1 – flammable Acetylene – garage Propane – back yard Butane - garage n 2.2 – non-flammable, non-toxic Carbon Dioxide – soda stream? Helium - balloons n 2.3 – oxygen Medical Cylinders – living room - bedroom n 2.4 – poison/toxic
3 – Flammable & Combustible Liquids n Diesel, toluene - garage n Gasoline, acetone, alcohol (rubbing) –Garage, medicine cabinet
4 – Flammable Solids n Flammable Solids –Red Phosphorus - matches n Spontaneously combustible materials –Plastic – nitrocellulose based (movie film) –Gun Cotton n Dangerous when wet materials –Lithium metal – battery drawer
5 – Oxidizer / Organic Peroxides n Oxidizers –Potassium nitrate –Sodium Hypochlorite Pool Shock n Organic Peroxide –Benzoyl peroxide Zit Cream
6 – Poison (toxic) Material/Infectious Substance n Poison Arsenic, Cyanide Rat Poison -garage Pesticides -garage Medicines -bedroom, bathroom n Infectious Diseases (botulism) Bodily Fluids
7 - Radioactive n Radioactives –Potassium Nitrate Salt substitute -kitchen –Americium Smoke Detectors -ceilings –Fiestaware, coffee pot - kitchen
ORM – D Consumer Commodities n Retail Sale commodities –Medicines –Spray pesticides –Cleaning liquids –Cigarette lighter fluid, etc. n Not bulk sized, yet they still can pose an extreme hazard.
OSHA - Danger, Warning, Caution n DANGER - Red; high probability of death or serious injury n WARNING - Orange; some probability, n CAUTION - Yellow; may cause minor or moderate injury. n EPA uses these terms for pesticides n CSPC – Consumer Products use these and other words (see book)
Health and Safety Issues
n Toxicity –the ability of a chemical to cause injury n Risk –likelihood of injury –individual susceptibility –length of exposure –concentration
n Dose –the amount of a chemical received over a certain period of time Chemical Concentration x Length of time of Exposure
n Exposure is just being in the general area of a substance which may cause contamination. n Contamination is actually coming in contact with the material. n We will talk about the “3 ups” under Safety.
Decontamination Exposure: you are in the area, you could come in contact Contamination: you did come in contact Before leaving a scene, always address personal decontamination issues and exposure report.
Decon: Who, What, When & Why n Who/What: People & equipment –Victims- Equipment –Responders- Structures n When: Anytime you suspect contamination –Material is visible n Why: Prevent escalation of problem –Reduce life & health risk –Limit spread of hazmat –Protect environment and property –Reduce cleanup costs &limit liability
First Responder Awareness n Safety n Isolate/ Deny entry n Notify
Safety S N I S I N
Upwind Upstream Upgrade Safe Approach 3 UP’s
Safe Approach n Position vehicles away from event… –For quick departure n Stop at a Safe Distance n Are there any roads closed?
On-scene Safety Guidelines n Do not rush to assist n Treat unknowns as hazardous until determined otherwise n Safe distance; binoculars, rule of thumb n Never eat, drink or smoke in the area n Do not inhale, touch or ingest n Eliminate all ignition sources – flares n Reassess continually
Isolate & Deny Entry
Perimeters & Control Zones n Purpose of Perimeters & Control Zones –Ensure safety and isolation –Control the scene –Limit spread of contamination –Allow for safe working area
Perimeters & Control Zones n Main operational difference –FROs & FRAs usually set Perimeters –Techs/Specialists set Zones n How do we determine perimeters? ERG HazRef is based on the ERG
Perimeters & Control Zones n What to use? –Barricades –Banner tape –Traffic cones –Natural/artificial barriers (rivers, buildings, etc) –Vehicles n Road flares are generally discouraged
Exclusion Zone Contamination Reduction Zone Support Zone Control Zones Hot Cold Warm If there are contaminated victims, establish safe refuge area
RP Notification Requirements n Responsible party must make “Mandatory” notifications –To proper authorities –Releases with potential adverse impact Health Safety Environment
Notification Requirements n Responder — make same notifications as back-up n RP must make “mandatory” notifications –Possible civil/criminal penalties for non–notification!
Notification Requirements n Local dispatch n CUPA - Certified Unified Program Agency/ AA - Administering Agency – –CoCoCo n State Warning Center - (800) n National Response Center - (800) n If within ½ mile of any school – Superintendent of School
Questions / Evaluations HazMat Topics / Issues / Concerns to address in the future.