Presentation on theme: "Hazardous Materials Programs Maria Duazo"— Presentation transcript:
1Hazardous Materials Programs Maria Duazo Lamorinda CERTHazardous Materials ProgramsMaria DuazoHazardous Materials Specialist II4585 Pacheco Boulevard Ste 100Martinez, CA
2My Background Hired as a regulator for HazMat programs HazMat Storage, UGT’s, HazWaste, Stormwater, etc.Hazardous Materials Responder 23+ yearsState certified Hazardous Materials InstructorFRA, FRO, Tech/Spec, ICHAZWOPERMethamphetamine Drug Lab WasteFun With ChemistryIdentification of Unknown ChemicalsOriginally started as a U.C.Berkeley Graduate in Environmental Science
3We are the CUPA Certified Unified Program Agency HazMat Storage Hazardous WastesUnderground StorageAbove Petroleum StorageCalARP (large facilities)Stormwater Contract
4Award Winning HazMat Team Won HazMat Olympics at Continuing Challenge WorkshopWon the “Name that Unknown” Contest 3 times.Co-Won The first Hazmat Instructor of the Year Award1st Place in Urban Shield HazMat CompetitionLeaders in the State, advising hazmat curriculum development and teaching Technicians and Specialists State Wide
5Urban Shield HazMat Competition 2011- Joint Team with RFD – 3rd2012 – CCHS-HazMat took 1st short staffed2013 – CCHS-HazMat took 2nd and 3rd2014 – CCHS-HazMat took 1st
6HazMat Hazards in the County We are the most industrialized CUPA in the state. (17 billion pounds registered with us.)4 Refineries & several chemical companies.Major transportationroutesPipelines2 Main RailroadsRemote LocationsDrug labsAbandonmentsAgricultural chem.
7County HazMat Incident Response Contra Costa Hazardous Materials Incident Response Team (CCHSD-HazMat)Richmond Fire Department HazMat TeamSan Ramon Valley Fire Protection District HazMat Response TeamFRO Decon TeamsAll Fire DepartmentsMAMFF – Mutual Aid Mobile Field ForceWalnut Creek Bomb SquadIndustry ResourcesCounty HazMat is the County Health Officer Designee for HazMat Incidents
8Operates 24/7 Regular duty is a 40-hr work week 3 teams of 6 people Respond from Martinez, centrally locatedInspections and Complaint response when not on call3 teams of 6 peopleAdd more people when neededEvery person is assigned the lead role -rotationOn duty every 3rd day, if on duty Friday, you’re on duty for the weekendOn Call for Weekends & after hours
9Staffing the County HazMat Team County HazMat staff includes:16 HazMat SpecialistsAlmost all on the Incident Response Team1 HazMat TechnicianKeeps track of vehicle/equipment etc.4 Cal. Accidental Release Program EngineersProvide technical info about facilities/processes3 Management & 3 Administrative Support3 On-Call Doctors
10Training – HazMat Response All CSTI State Certified Technicians / Specialists – recognized by the State Fire Marshall4 CSTI Certified HazMat Instructors2 Emergency Medical TechniciansPersonnel have specialization in- Drug Lab Response - Technical Reference- Rail Cars/Tank Cars - Field Chemical Identification- Radiological - WMD/Terrorism- Asbestos Lead
11Resources We Bring Personnel & Equipment 2 Primary Vehicles, Flat bed Truck,Box Truck (supply vehicle), and one Pick-Up truckField ID Chemical Equipment- Reference Sources- Air Monitoring/Sampling Equip.Clean Up EquipmentPersonal Protective Equipment
12Resources Available to Us Access to funding for Clean-up of HazWaste Abandonments, Disposal of Drug Lab Wastes – special arrangement with the State for storageCommunity Warning System and TENSPlume Modeling
13Resources Available to Us Mutual Aid, State OES Coastal RegionCalifornia National Guard Civil Support Team (C.S.T.)FBIFederal EPACoast Guard Pacific Coast Strike Team
14The Haz Mat Problem Over 16 million chemicals in existence 70,000 potentially classified as “hazardous”17 BILLION pounds registered in CoCoCo
15Haz Mat Definitions Depends on the Governmental Entity you ask. EPA DOTOSHASubstance outside normal safe containment in sufficient concentration to pose serious immediate threat to life, environment and property.
16Haz Mat IncidentA hazardous materials incident is any emergency involving the release or potential release of a hazardous material
17What we are going to cover: Traditional HazMat ResponseHousehold hazmatsRecognition CluesRoutes of entryWhat can you do?SINDecon
18Who’s Coming to a Traditional HazMat Incident? HazMat TeamEMSFire serviceAdditional law enforcement resourcesPublic/environmental healthPublic WorksPrivate sector repsOther governmentEtc…
19FRA vs. FRO Trained to initiate an appropriate response sequence Isolate and deny entryTake no further actionTrained to protect people, environment and property from hazmatMay respond defensivelyMay work at a distance to contain release.
20Other Responders in OSHA Regs Technicians – responds to release to stop the releaseSpecialists – responds with and provides support to techniciansIncident Commanders – manages/controls the incident sceneUnified command
21HM Tactical Acronym S.I.N. C.I.A. P.C.P. D.D.D This presentation will revolve around the first 3 steps that are addressed in every hazmat incident.S.I.N.C.I.A.P.C.P.D.D.D
22Recognition & ID Outward Indicators Types of Containers Common LocationsDocumentation as informationPlacards, labels, & markings
23Outward Indicators – not limited to: Fire, smoke, vapor cloudsVisible leaks or damaged containersLoud roar or increased pitch of an operating relief valveHissing pinging or knocking sounds from closed containersPeople running, showing signs of dizziness, nausea, etc, unconscious.
45pH JEOpHARDY! The pH of Common Fluids Stomach Acid 1.5 Lemon Juice 2.4 backStomach Acid 1.5Lemon Juice 2.4Vinegar 3.0Orange Juice 3.5Urine 6.0Saliva 6.7Milk 6.5Pure water 7.0Blood 7.4BileMilk of Magnesia 10.6Ammonia
47ORM – D Consumer Commodities Retail Sale commoditiesMedicinesSpray pesticidesCleaning liquidsCigarette lighter fluid, etc.Not bulk sized, yet they still can pose an extreme hazard.
48OSHA - Danger, Warning, Caution DANGER - Red; high probability of death or serious injuryWARNING - Orange; some probability,CAUTION - Yellow; may cause minor or moderate injury.EPA uses these terms for pesticidesCSPC – Consumer Products use these and other words (see book)
51Toxicity and Risk Toxicity Risk the ability of a chemical to cause injuryRisklikelihood of injuryindividual susceptibilitylength of exposureconcentrationToxicity: the ability of a chemical to cause injury once it reaches a susceptible site in the bodyRisk: likelihood to cause injury, individual susceptibility, length of exposure, concentrationCompare Cyanide Salts with Anhydrous AmmoniaToxicity describes a characteristic of a chemical, whileRisk describes the likelihood of an unsafe exposure
53Examples of Inhalation: Smell somethingWind shiftedToo close to hot zone
54Examples of Ingestion: Chewing gumSmokingNot washing handsbefore eating
55Examples of Absorption: Spills/splashes on youNo gloves
56Examples of Injection: Something contaminated cuts youHigh pressure exposure
57PERSPIRATION EXHALATION EXCRETION URINATION VOMITING ROUTES OF ELIMINATIONPERSPIRATIONEXHALATIONEXCRETIONURINATIONVOMITING
58Dose the amount of a chemical received over a certain period of time Chemical ConcentrationxLength of time of Exposure
59Exposure vs. Contamination Exposure is just being in the general area of a substance which may cause contamination.Contamination is actually coming in contact with the material.We will talk about the “3 ups” under Safety.
60DecontaminationExposure: you are in the area, you could come in contactContamination: you did come in contactBefore leaving a scene, always address personal decontamination issues and exposure report.
61Decon: Who, What, When & Why Who/What: People & equipmentVictims - EquipmentResponders - StructuresWhen: Anytime you suspect contaminationMaterial is visibleWhy: Prevent escalation of problemReduce life & health riskLimit spread of hazmatProtect environment and propertyReduce cleanup costs &limit liability
65Safe Approach Position vehicles away from event… For quick departureStop at a Safe DistanceAre there any roads closed?May have to leave in a hurry if wind shifts or if incident takes a turn for the worse.
66On-scene Safety Guidelines Do not rush to assistTreat unknowns as hazardous until determined otherwiseSafe distance; binoculars, rule of thumbNever eat, drink or smoke in the areaDo not inhale, touch or ingestEliminate all ignition sources – flaresReassess continually
68Perimeters & Control Zones Purpose of Perimeters & Control ZonesEnsure safety and isolationControl the sceneLimit spread of contaminationAllow for safe working areaTo ensure safety and isolation, limit contamination spread, control scene & allow for activities such as decontamination. Main operational difference between Perimeter & Zones — FRO’s usually set Perimeters and Tech’s/Specialists set Zones.
69Perimeters & Control Zones Main operational differenceFROs & FRAs usually set PerimetersTechs/Specialists set ZonesHow do we determineperimeters?ERGHazRef is basedon the ERG
70Perimeters & Control Zones What to use?BarricadesBanner tapeTraffic conesNatural/artificial barriers (rivers, buildings, etc)VehiclesRoad flares are generally discouraged
71Contamination Reduction Zone Control ZonesWarmContamination Reduction ZoneExclusion ZoneSupport ZoneHotColdIf there are contaminated victims, establish safe refuge area
73RP Notification Requirements Responsible party must make “Mandatory” notificationsTo proper authoritiesReleases with potential adverse impactHealthSafetyEnvironment
74Notification Requirements Responder — make same notifications as back-upRP must make “mandatory” notificationsPossible civil/criminal penalties for non–notification!
75Notification Requirements Local dispatchCUPA - Certified Unified Program Agency/ AA - Administering Agency –CoCoCoState Warning Center - (800)National Response Center - (800)If within ½ mile of any school – Superintendent of SchoolCalls to 911 on a cell phone don’t always go to a “local” 911 dispatcher. (e.g cell calls in SF Bay Area go to CHP dispatch in Vallejo.)First responders should make mandatory notifications as a back-up even though they aren’t required to (it’s mandatory for the RP).