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Hazardous Materials Programs Maria Duazo Hazardous Materials Specialist II 4585 Pacheco Boulevard Ste 100 Martinez, CA 94553 925-335-3200

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Presentation on theme: "Hazardous Materials Programs Maria Duazo Hazardous Materials Specialist II 4585 Pacheco Boulevard Ste 100 Martinez, CA 94553 925-335-3200"— Presentation transcript:

1 Hazardous Materials Programs Maria Duazo Hazardous Materials Specialist II 4585 Pacheco Boulevard Ste 100 Martinez, CA Lamorinda CERT

2 My Background n Hired as a regulator for HazMat programs –HazMat Storage, UGT’s, HazWaste, Stormwater, etc. n Hazardous Materials Responder 23+ years n State certified Hazardous Materials Instructor –FRA, FRO, Tech/Spec, IC –HAZWOPER –Methamphetamine Drug Lab Waste –Fun With Chemistry –Identification of Unknown Chemicals n Originally started as a U.C.Berkeley Graduate in Environmental Science

3 We are the CUPA n Certified Unified Program Agency –HazMat Storage –Hazardous Wastes –Underground Storage –Above Petroleum Storage –CalARP (large facilities) –Stormwater Contract

4 Award Winning HazMat Team n Won HazMat Olympics at Continuing Challenge Workshop n Won the “Name that Unknown” Contest 3 times. n Co-Won The first Hazmat Instructor of the Year Award n 1 st Place in Urban Shield HazMat Competition n Leaders in the State, advising hazmat curriculum development and teaching Technicians and Specialists State Wide

5 Urban Shield HazMat Competition n Joint Team with RFD – 3 rd n 2012 – CCHS-HazMat took 1 st short staffed n 2013 – CCHS-HazMat took 2 nd and 3 rd n 2014 – CCHS-HazMat took 1 st

6 HazMat Hazards in the County n We are the most industrialized CUPA in the state. (17 billion pounds registered with us.) n 4 Refineries & several chemical companies. n Major transportation routes n Pipelines n 2 Main Railroads n Remote Locations –Drug labs –Abandonments –Agricultural chem.

7 County HazMat Incident Response n Contra Costa Hazardous Materials Incident Response Team (CCHSD-HazMat) –Richmond Fire Department HazMat Team –San Ramon Valley Fire Protection District HazMat Response Team n FRO Decon Teams –All Fire Departments n MAMFF – Mutual Aid Mobile Field Force n Walnut Creek Bomb Squad n Industry Resources n County HazMat is the County Health Officer Designee for HazMat Incidents

8 Operates 24/7 n Regular duty is a 40-hr work week Respond from Martinez, centrally located Inspections and Complaint response when not on call n 3 teams of 6 people Add more people when needed Every person is assigned the lead role -rotation On duty every 3 rd day, if on duty Friday, you’re on duty for the weekend n On Call for Weekends & after hours

9 Staffing the County HazMat Team n County HazMat staff includes: –16 HazMat Specialists Almost all on the Incident Response Team –1 HazMat Technician Keeps track of vehicle/equipment etc. –4 Cal. Accidental Release Program Engineers Provide technical info about facilities/processes –3 Management & 3 Administrative Support –3 On-Call Doctors

10 Training – HazMat Response n All CSTI State Certified Technicians / Specialists – recognized by the State Fire Marshall n 4 CSTI Certified HazMat Instructors n 2 Emergency Medical Technicians n Personnel have specialization in - Drug Lab Response- Technical Reference - Rail Cars/Tank Cars- Field Chemical Identification - Radiological- WMD/Terrorism - Asbestos - Lead

11 Resources We Bring n Personnel & Equipment n 2 Primary Vehicles, Flat bed Truck, Box Truck (supply vehicle), and one Pick-Up truck - Field ID Chemical Equipment - Reference Sources - Air Monitoring/Sampling Equip. - Clean Up Equipment - Personal Protective Equipment

12 Resources Available to Us n Access to funding for Clean-up of HazWaste Abandonments, Disposal of Drug Lab Wastes – special arrangement with the State for storage n Community Warning System and TENS n Plume Modeling

13 Resources Available to Us n Mutual Aid, State OES Coastal Region n California National Guard Civil Support Team (C.S.T.) n FBI n Federal EPA n Coast Guard Pacific Coast Strike Team

14 The Haz Mat Problem n Over 16 million chemicals in existence –70,000 potentially classified as “hazardous” n 17 BILLION pounds registered in CoCoCo

15 Haz Mat Definitions n Depends on the Governmental Entity you ask. n EPA n DOT n OSHA n Substance outside normal safe containment in sufficient concentration to pose serious immediate threat to life, environment and property.

16 Haz Mat Incident n A hazardous materials incident is any emergency involving the release or potential release of a hazardous material

17 What we are going to cover: n Traditional HazMat Response n Household hazmats n Recognition Clues n Routes of entry n What can you do? n SIN n Decon

18 Who’s Coming to a Traditional HazMat Incident? n HazMat Team n EMS n Fire service n Additional law enforcement resources n Public/environmental health n Public Works n Private sector reps n Other government n Etc…

19 FRA vs. FRO n Trained to initiate an appropriate response sequence n Isolate and deny entry n Take no further action n Trained to protect people, environment and property from hazmat n May respond defensively n May work at a distance to contain release.

20 Other Responders in OSHA Regs n Technicians – responds to release to stop the release n Specialists – responds with and provides support to technicians n Incident Commanders – manages/controls the incident scene –Unified command

21 HM Tactical Acronym n S.I.N. n C.I.A. n P.C.P. n D.D.D This presentation will revolve around the first 3 steps that are addressed in every hazmat incident.

22 Recognition & ID Outward Indicators Types of Containers Common Locations Documentation as information Placards, labels, & markings

23 Outward Indicators – not limited to: n Fire, smoke, vapor clouds n Visible leaks or damaged containers n Loud roar or increased pitch of an operating relief valve n Hissing pinging or knocking sounds from closed containers n People running, showing signs of dizziness, nausea, etc, unconscious.

24 Additional Indicators n Location/Occupancy n Container Type n Special Markings n Documentation n Witnesses n Senses

25 Fixed Facilities:

26 Storage Tanks

27 NFPA 704 Warning System HEALTH FLAMMABILITY REACTIVITY SPECIAL HAZARDS WAvoid use of water CORCorrosive OXYOxidizer CRYCryogenic

28 Transportation - Railroads General Chemical, City of Richmond

29 Transportation - Highway Molten Sulfur Transporter, Highway 4 in Oakley

30 Spills: (intentional & accidental) Paint discharged into storm drain in Danville.

31 Abandonments:

32 Gas Cylinders

33 Typical Incidents: Drug Labs Pittsburg PD Vehicle Stop

34 Spills: (intentional & accidental) Paint discharged into storm drain in Danville.

35 HazMats In the Home n Kitchen n Bathrooms n Laundry n Garage n Backyard

36 Let’s Take a Look at the 9 DOT Hazard Classes

37 1 - ExplosivesExplosives n 1.1 – mass explosion - Trinitrotoluene (TNT) n 1.2 – projection hazard – shaped charges n 1.3 – fire hazard- nitrocellulose with 25% alcohol or more n 1.4 – no significant blast – fireworks (common) n 1.5 – very insensitive explosive (blasting agent) ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mix (ANFO) n 1.6 – extremely insensitive explosive – none

38 2 - Gases n 2.1 – flammable Acetylene – garage Propane – back yard Butane - garage n 2.2 – non-flammable, non-toxic Carbon Dioxide – soda stream? Helium - balloons n 2.3 – oxygen Medical Cylinders – living room - bedroom n 2.4 – poison/toxic

39 3 – Flammable & Combustible Liquids n Diesel, toluene - garage n Gasoline, acetone, alcohol (rubbing) –Garage, medicine cabinet

40 4 – Flammable Solids n Flammable Solids –Red Phosphorus - matches n Spontaneously combustible materials –Plastic – nitrocellulose based (movie film) –Gun Cotton n Dangerous when wet materials –Lithium metal – battery drawer

41 5 – Oxidizer / Organic Peroxides n Oxidizers –Potassium nitrate –Sodium Hypochlorite Pool Shock n Organic Peroxide –Benzoyl peroxide Zit Cream

42 6 – Poison (toxic) Material/Infectious Substance n Poison Arsenic, Cyanide Rat Poison -garage Pesticides -garage Medicines -bedroom, bathroom n Infectious Diseases (botulism) Bodily Fluids

43 7 - Radioactive n Radioactives –Potassium Nitrate Salt substitute -kitchen –Americium Smoke Detectors -ceilings –Fiestaware, coffee pot - kitchen

44 8 - Corrosives Corrosives –Sodium hydroxide Red Devil Lye –Bathroom, kitchen –Sulfuric Acid Toilet Bowl Cleaner –Bathroom –Hydrochloric Acid Pool Adjustment –Backyard, garage

45 pH JEOpHARDY! Stomach Acid1.5 Lemon Juice2.4 Vinegar3.0 Orange Juice3.5 Urine6.0 Saliva6.7 Milk 6.5 Pure water 7.0 Blood 7.4 Bile 8.3 Milk of Magnesia 10.6 Ammonia 11.5 back

46 9 – Miscellaneous –Asbestos Transite piping Popcorn ceiling –Elevated temperature Asphalt –Universal Wastes Fluorescent light bulbs Computers

47 ORM – D Consumer Commodities n Retail Sale commodities –Medicines –Spray pesticides –Cleaning liquids –Cigarette lighter fluid, etc. n Not bulk sized, yet they still can pose an extreme hazard.

48 OSHA - Danger, Warning, Caution n DANGER - Red; high probability of death or serious injury n WARNING - Orange; some probability, n CAUTION - Yellow; may cause minor or moderate injury. n EPA uses these terms for pesticides n CSPC – Consumer Products use these and other words (see book)

49

50 Health and Safety Issues

51 n Toxicity –the ability of a chemical to cause injury n Risk –likelihood of injury –individual susceptibility –length of exposure –concentration

52 Entry Routes INHALATION INGESTION ABSORPTION INJECTION

53 Inhalation Examples of Inhalation: M Smell something M Wind shifted M Too close to hot zone

54 Ingestion Examples of Ingestion: M Chewing gum M Smoking M Not washing hands before eating

55 Absorption Examples of Absorption: M Spills/splashes on you M No gloves M

56 Injection Examples of Injection: M Something contaminated cuts you M High pressure exposure M

57 PERSPIRATION EXHALATION EXCRETION URINATION VOMITING

58 n Dose –the amount of a chemical received over a certain period of time Chemical Concentration x Length of time of Exposure

59 n Exposure is just being in the general area of a substance which may cause contamination. n Contamination is actually coming in contact with the material. n We will talk about the “3 ups” under Safety.

60 Decontamination Exposure: you are in the area, you could come in contact Contamination: you did come in contact Before leaving a scene, always address personal decontamination issues and exposure report.

61 Decon: Who, What, When & Why n Who/What: People & equipment –Victims- Equipment –Responders- Structures n When: Anytime you suspect contamination –Material is visible n Why: Prevent escalation of problem –Reduce life & health risk –Limit spread of hazmat –Protect environment and property –Reduce cleanup costs &limit liability

62 First Responder Awareness n Safety n Isolate/ Deny entry n Notify

63 Safety S N I S I N

64 Upwind Upstream Upgrade Safe Approach 3 UP’s

65 Safe Approach n Position vehicles away from event… –For quick departure n Stop at a Safe Distance n Are there any roads closed?

66 On-scene Safety Guidelines n Do not rush to assist n Treat unknowns as hazardous until determined otherwise n Safe distance; binoculars, rule of thumb n Never eat, drink or smoke in the area n Do not inhale, touch or ingest n Eliminate all ignition sources – flares n Reassess continually

67 Isolate & Deny Entry

68 Perimeters & Control Zones n Purpose of Perimeters & Control Zones –Ensure safety and isolation –Control the scene –Limit spread of contamination –Allow for safe working area

69 Perimeters & Control Zones n Main operational difference –FROs & FRAs usually set Perimeters –Techs/Specialists set Zones n How do we determine perimeters? ERG HazRef is based on the ERG

70 Perimeters & Control Zones n What to use? –Barricades –Banner tape –Traffic cones –Natural/artificial barriers (rivers, buildings, etc) –Vehicles n Road flares are generally discouraged

71 Exclusion Zone Contamination Reduction Zone Support Zone Control Zones Hot Cold Warm If there are contaminated victims, establish safe refuge area

72 Notifications

73 RP Notification Requirements n Responsible party must make “Mandatory” notifications –To proper authorities –Releases with potential adverse impact Health Safety Environment

74 Notification Requirements n Responder — make same notifications as back-up n RP must make “mandatory” notifications –Possible civil/criminal penalties for non–notification!

75 Notification Requirements n Local dispatch n CUPA - Certified Unified Program Agency/ AA - Administering Agency – –CoCoCo n State Warning Center - (800) n National Response Center - (800) n If within ½ mile of any school – Superintendent of School

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77 Questions / Evaluations HazMat Topics / Issues / Concerns to address in the future.


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