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1 Hazardous Materials Section One: Overview Analyze Plan Implement Evaluate.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Hazardous Materials Section One: Overview Analyze Plan Implement Evaluate."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Hazardous Materials Section One: Overview Analyze Plan Implement Evaluate

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3 3 Course Objectives  Provide information to develop street smart hazardous material incident problem solving skills  Assist those preparing for the Haz Mat Operations Level Responder Certification Process

4 4 What Is a Hazardous Material?  Any material that poses an unreasonable risk of damage or injury to persons, property, or the environment  An estimated 2,000 new chemicals are introduced annually; mostly in 3 categories:  Industrial chemicals  Household cleaners  Lawn care products

5 5 What Is Hazardous Waste?  What remains after a process has used some of the material and it is no longer pure  Can be just as dangerous as pure chemicals  Can be mixtures of several chemicals, resulting in a hybrid substance

6 6 DOT Hazard Classes (Department of Transportation)  Class 1 – Explosives  Class 2 – Gases  Class 3 – Flammable combustible liquids  Class 4 – Flammable solids  Class 5 – Oxidizers  Class 6 – Poisons  Class 7 – Radioactive materials  Class 8 – Corrosives  Class 9 – Other Regulated Materials (ORM)

7 7 Regulations  Regulations are issued and enforced by governmental bodies such as:  Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) HazWoper is codified at 29 CFR  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Non OSHA states fall under 40 CFR 311

8 8 OSHA Levels of Training  OSHA identifies five levels of training:  Awareness  Operations Defensive  Technician  Specialist  Incident Commander

9 9 Standards  Issued by nongovernmental entities and are generally consensus-based  The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) is a body that issues consensus- based standards

10 10 NFPA Standards  Two NFPA standards address hazardous materials response:  NFPA 472- Competence of Responders to HM/WMD  NFPA 473- Competence of EMS Personnel Responding to HM/WMD WMD= Weapon of Mass Destruction

11 11 NFPA 472 Levels of Training  NFPA identifies nine levels of training:  Awareness  Operations (Defensive)  Operations (Mission Specific Roles)  Technician  Incident Commanders  Specialists Employee  Hazardous Materials Officer  Hazardous Materials Safety Officer  Technicians with Specialty Tank Car, Cargo Tank, Intermodal, Marine Tank Vessels

12 12 Operations Level Responders  Operations-level responders can:  Recognize a potential hazardous materials/WMD incident  Isolate the area  Take defensive actions without touching the product  Operations-level responders can take defensive actions

13 13 Technician Level  Hazardous materials technicians can:  Enter heavily contaminated areas using the highest levels of protection  Hazardous materials technicians take offensive actions

14 14 Other Hazardous Materials Laws, Regulations, and Regulatory Agencies  The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) regulates the transportation of goods by highways, rail, air, and, in some cases, marine transport  The U.S. EPA regulates worker safety as well as environmental aspects of hazardous materials

15 15 Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA)  Original driver for HAZWOPER regulations  Indicated that workers handling hazardous waste should have a minimum amount of training

16 16 Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act  EPCRA requires a business that handles chemicals to report storage type, quantity, and storage methods to the fire department and the local emergency planning committee

17 17 Why Are Hazardous Materials Incidents Different?

18 18 Summary  Hazardous materials are found everywhere  Homes  Businesses  Manufacturing processes  Transportation  Illegal activities (e.g., drug labs)

19 19 Summary  It is imperative that firefighters recognize the presence of a hazardous materials incident and understand what actions can be taken  Hazardous materials incidents require slowing down and taking actions based on the properties of the hazardous materials involved

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