Presentation on theme: "Safety in and out of the Home Pat Simcox PC392VW Crime Prevention Design Advisor Merton Borough 020 8649 3245 This is usually given out as a talk to."— Presentation transcript:
1Safety in and out of the Home Pat Simcox PC392VW Crime Prevention Design Advisor Merton BoroughThis is usually given out as a talk to NHWs, SN reassurance meetings etc. but covers the basics re home security, so you may want to delete or change some of the slides.
235% of all burglaries are crimes of opportunity, where entry is gained through unlocked doors or windowsA person is ten times more likely to be burgled if they don’t have basic security - even something as simple as putting strong locks on the doors and windows will keep a house much saferBurglary has fallen by nearly 60% since 1995, but criminals are opportunists who will take advantage of any chance to steal, so people should remain aware
3Most burglaries are carried out by opportunist thieves Most burglaries are carried out by opportunist thieves. It is a crime of opportunity
4The Occupiers Liability Act 1984 Householders have a responsibility to ensure the safety of ‘any visitors’ to their homeIf any person injures themselves on measures taken to secure a property, they can sue the occupier for damages - this does not include injuries from plants.
5Points to consider:-Nothing that may be harmful should be placed less than 2m from ground level (barbed wire)Security products used to protect a home should not be hidden (e.g. Plants being allowed to grow around it)Well displayed notices drawing attention to the hazards, while not a complete defence, helps to show that the occupier has done all that is possible to prevent injuryAnti climb paint, barbed/razor wire, rotary spikes etc.
6Consider fitting trellis to the top of the fence in order to deter people from using the road sign to climb over.A few examples of what can be done to secure properties.
7A secure gate but entry can still be gained via the neighbours side A secure gate but entry can still be gained via the neighbours side. The neighbour should take similar precautions or place fencing along the top of the wall.
8The hedging should be cut back in order to prevent people from hiding along the path. The public are then more likely to use it, which in turn would give more informal/natural surveillance to the premises that are adjacent to it.The hedging should be cut back in order to prevent people from hiding along the path. The public are then more likely to use it, in which case there would give more ‘informal/natural surveillance’ to the premises that are adjacent to it.A good hiding place. With the path overgrown are people likely to use it?8
9The ladders should either be secured to the wall or locked away. If you have nowhere to store a long ladder secure it to the ground or wall at both ends.9
10Never leave keys in or under pots, mats, rocks etc Never leave keys in or under pots, mats, rocks etc. This is the first place a potential burglar will look.Never leave keys in or under pots, mats, rocks etc. This is the first place a potential burglar will look.Never hide keys outside. They will be found. It’s the first place potential thieves will look. If you think it’s a good hiding place then someone else will think so too.10
11No hedges or fencing allows for good informal/natural surveillance from neighbours, passing motorists and members of the public. A clearly defined border between private and public property.You would easily be spotted if you tried to break in at the front by passers-by, local residents and people driving by. Think - Natural Surveillance11
12Trees and BushesBushes should be cut back to a maximum height of 3ft, and the tree canopy should be no lower than 8ft. This allows for a clear view of an area and deters people from hiding.
13Garages and shedsGarages and sheds are often full of expensive tools, which are ideal for breaking into the the house. Burglars do not need to carry the tools of their trade if there is an insecure shed around. Unfortunately, the garden shed tends to be forgotten where home security is concerned.
14The hasp is not secured to the door. Entry to the shed is easily gained. 14
15This shed is insecure, there is likely to be tools in it that may be used to break into the house. 15
16Some things to consider! The HomeSome things to consider!
17Reducing your chances of becoming a victim of crime Lock doors and windows (fit window locks)Don’t leave cash / credit cards / car keys lying around.Keep items out of view / put garden tools awayMark PropertyUse timer switchesClose/Padlock garden gates to restrict accessFit an alarm
18DOORSA Five lever mortice deadlock should be fitted to front doors a 3rd of the way up the door. (BS 3621/1998)In many cases, ‘home insurance polices’ will insist on this type of lock being fitted as a minimum standard!An automatic dead-latch cylinder rim lock should be fitted a 3rd of the way down the door. (BS 3621)Is there a ‘spy hole’ and/or a robust door chain.Back doors should have the same level of security as front doors.BS - British Standard
19Letter boxes (at least 16 inches from the locking points) Solid door Door viewerSturdy hingesLetter boxes (at least 16 inchesfrom the locking points)Solid doorAutomatic dead lockDoor chain5 lever mortice dead lockFront door security, although I wouldn’t be too concerned as to whether a persons front door has two or three hinges.
20UPVC doorsIf your house is fitted with uPVC doors make sure you always lock the door with a key.Simply closing the door and pushing the handle up will not prevent someone entering.Ensure that you engage the multi-locking mechanism and that the door is securely locked.
21PATIO DOOR LOCKSThese doors should have a minimum of three locking points, with an anti-lift device to prevent them from being lifted from their runners.Always remember to lock your patio doors with a key and remove the key from the lock.These are just a few, there are loads of variations out there.
22WINDOW LOCKS Casement window lock Sash window lock UPVC window locks Again remember to lock the window and remove the key
23ensure that all the occupants are aware of their location. Fire SafetyImproving the security of your home neednot mean that escape in the event of a fire will prove more difficult.Early warning is essential, fit a detector.Keep the house keys at your bedside atnight and somewhere near the front doorduring the day, but not on show andensure that all the occupants are aware of their location.
24OUTSIDE LIGHTINGFit some form of security lighting to the front and rear of your home.Low level ‘Dawn to Dusk’ lighting or PIR (Passive Infra-Red) are inexpensive and effective.Good lighting can put off or draw attention to a thief.Dusk to Dawn lighting has been proved to be more effective as a deterrent as than PIR lighting as its already lit as opposed to lighting up when a person is already in the garden/area. PIR lighting can be set of by cats, dogs, foxes, the wind etc so in recent years may have lost its impact. Any lighting is better than none. Only if someone it there to react.
25Low level ‘Dawn to Dusk’ lighting is preferable to PIR (Passive Infra-Red) 25
26PROPERTY MARKING Why mark or register property? Marked or registered property is:-easy to identifydifficult to sellcan be returned to itsrightful owner when recovered
27Engraving Or Etching Ceramic Marking Engraving or etching is suitable for many hard surfaces. This method leaves a visible and permanent mark.Ceramic MarkingCeramic marking pens have been developed to mark china, glass or any glazed surface.Don't always use this slide
28Ultra Violet Or 'Invisible' Marking An ultra-violet (UV) pen can put an invisible mark on property which can only be seen by using a UV lamp. The mark can fade in time and can be washed off so it needs to renewed regularly.
29Keep A Record Of Your Property Marking things like jewelery or antiques is difficult and could reduce their value.Always ask your insurer first.Photograph each item, preferably in colour, paying special attention to any distinguishing marks.Take the photograph against a plain background and include a ruler to give an idea of size.
30Property Registration Property can be registered for free on line at:-
31What is distraction Burglary? Distraction burglary is the type of burglary where the ‘method of entry’ is by trick rather than by a ‘forced’ entry.Most people who call at your home will be genuine, but sometimes people turn up unannounced, with the intention of tricking their way into peoples homes.
32There are around 12,000 reported incidents of 'distraction burglary' every year – between Sept 10 and Sept 11 Merton Police had 40 allegations of this type reported.
33They use a number of guises to gain entry to the victims home: - Water Board officials – Flooding/leaksBogus BuildersBogus Police OfficersAge ConcernSocial Services -VS, Care Workers,Home helpVarious people asking for money
34How do they do it?One example would be that, having identified some roadwork's in an area the offenders will visit selected homes professing to work for these companies.A panic situation is created, linked to the works, and entry to the home is urgently requested. Often there will be two people - whilst one of them keeps the victim occupied in the kitchen the other, unbeknown to the victim, enters their home and searches it.
35What precautions can you take if you have an unexpected caller? Lock your back doorUse a door chain/door viewer, look out a windowCheck their ID, close the door while you do this!Write down your ‘customer reference’ numbers – utility workers etc. should know themOrganise a ‘password’ with the utilitiesIf they want to sell something, tell them ‘you don’t do business on the door step’If you have a locking porch door – use it!If in doubt, keep them out, ring 999
36Only let them in if you are sure they are genuine. Genuine callers will always be happy to make an appointment to call and will carry an identity card with a photograph.They won’t mind waiting if you want to phone to confirm their identity or want to rearrange the appointment.Make a list of the ‘enquiry’ phone numbers that are shown on your bills – Gas, electric, water etc so that you have them to hand.
37Staying safe when you’re out and about Never leave your bags or other valuables unattendedCarry your bag close to you with the clasp facing inwards and cover up expensive looking jewelleryIf a wheelchair user keep bags containing money in front of youIn restaurants never hang your bag on the back of the chairCarry your house keys, purse/wallet and money in different pocketsThink ahead and plan your journey, avoid deserted areasIf you think someone is following you, check by crossing the street. If you are still worried, get to the nearest place where there are other peopleStick to well-lit roads with pavementsTry to vary your route and timeDon’t look like a victim – walk with a purpose
38If the worst happens!If someone threatens you, shout and scream and set off your personal attack alarm if you have one. This may unnerve the attacker and frighten him offYou have every right to defend yourself, with reasonable force, with items that you may have with you i.e. an umbrella, hairspray or keys can be used against the attacker. The law however does not allow the carrying of anything that can be described as an offensive weapon
39Staying safe in TaxisAlways ensure that you travel in a licensed taxi or Private Hire Vehicle by checking the vehicle's signage or plate and the driver's badgeCheck that the taxi or PHV that arrives is the one you ordered and ask for the drivers nameMake a note of the company you are using, and the telephone number, and if possible leave it with a friendIf you feel uneasy, ask to be let out in a well-lit area where there are plenty of peopleWhen you get to your destination, ask the driver to wait until you are insideIf travelling alone, always sit behind the driver, in the back seat
40Staying safe on public transport Try to stay away from isolated bus stops, especially after darkSit near the driver or conductorOn a train, sit in a compartment where there are several other people - check to see where the emergency chain is
42Staying safe when driving Plan how to get to your destination before leaving, and stay on main roads if you canMake sure you have enough petrol and moneyAlways lock the doors, never leave keys in the carPark in a well-lit, busy place close to CCTV or in a Safer Car ParkLook around before you get outHave your key ready when you go to your carKeep bags, mobile phone’s and other valuables out of sightDon’t wind your window down far enough so as to allow someone to reach in while you are stopped in traffic.
43DON'T BE TAKEN IN BY SCAMS Put simply, a scam is a scheme designed to con you out of your money. Ultimately though, it's up to you how you spend your money…..Stop, think and be sceptical. Are you being offered something for nothing? If so, why?Fake lotteries Prize drawsIncredible schemes to make money quickly Fake inheritance Fake investment plans Work from home schemes
44Remember, if you win something you shouldn't have to pay for it, not even the cost of a call. Don't dial 090 numbers unless you are sure how much you will be charged and are willing to pay for it.For practical advice contact Consumer Direct or
45When using a ATM During the day rather then at night Within the bank rather then the streetStand as close to the machine as possibleCover the keyboard with your free hand so nobody can see your pin numberIf anyone stands too close or tries to distract you cancel the transaction and walk awayAlways put your money away immediatelyUse a cashier – nicer to talk to someone
46Never give your bank details to anyone you don't know. Forward suspect s from banks/building soc etc. to
47Identity TheftIt's illegally using another person’s personal information or documents to obtain credit, money, goods, services, employment or anything else of value or benefit.Destroy items such as bills, receipts, bank or credit card statements and any documents that show your name and address or other personal details and account numbers.
48To reduce unwanted mail - register free with the Mailing Preference Service at or callTo reduce unwanted sales calls register your phone number for free with the Telephone Preference Service (TPS) or
49When should I call Police? 999 should only be used in emergencies: If a crime is occurring now or someone is in immediate danger call 999.If it is not an emergency, but a crime has happened: 101If you are deaf or have hearing difficulties, use a text phone:-Dial in an emergency.Dial if it is not an emergency.
50Crime Reduction Officer Pat Simcox PC392VW Crime Prevention Design AdvisorMitcham Police Station 58 Cricket Green Mitcham SurreyCR4 4LAChange or delete this to suit.