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Chapters 15 and 16 Unit VIII Flashcards. Violence between pro and antislavery forces in Kansas Territory after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapters 15 and 16 Unit VIII Flashcards. Violence between pro and antislavery forces in Kansas Territory after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapters 15 and 16 Unit VIII Flashcards

2 Violence between pro and antislavery forces in Kansas Territory after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in Bleeding Kansas #1 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

3 The four-step compromise that admitted California as a free state, allowed the residents of the New Mexico and Utah territories to decide the slavery issue for themselves, ended the slave trade in the District of Columbia, and passed a new fugitive slave law to enforce the constitutional provision stating that a slave escaping into a free state shall be delivered back to the owner. Compromise of 1850 #2 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

4 Nation proclaimed in Montgomery, Alabama, in February 1861, after the seven states of the Lower South seceded from the United States. Confederate States of America #3 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

5 National party formed in 1860, mainly by former Whigs, that emphasized allegiance to the Union and strict enforcement of all national legislation. Constitutional Union Party #4 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

6 A term Republicans applied to Northern war dissenters and those suspected of aiding the Confederate cause during the Civil War. Copperheads #5 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

7 Supreme Court ruling, in a lawsuit brought by Dred Scott, a slave demanding his freedom based on his residence in a free state, that slaves could not be U.S. citizens and that Congress had no jurisdiction over slavery in the territories. Dred Scott decision #6 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

8 Decree announced by President Abraham Lincoln in September 1862 and formally issued on January 1, 1863, freeing slaves in all Confederate states still in rebellion. Emancipation Proclamation #7 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

9 Part of the Compromise of 1850 that required the authorities in the North to assist Southern slave catchers and return runaway slaves to their owners. Fugitive Slave Law #8 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

10 Law passed by Congress in May 1862 providing homesteads with 160 acres of free land in exchange for improving the land within five years of the grant. Homestead Act #9 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

11 Law passed in 1854 creating the Kansas and Nebraska Territories but leaving the question of slavery open to residents, thereby repealing the Missouri Compromise. Kansas-Nebraska Act #10 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

12 Name given to the antiimmigrant party formed from the wreckage of the Whig Party and some disaffected Northern Democrats in Know-Nothings #11 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

13 Proslavery draft written in 1857 by Kansas territorial delegates elected under questionable circumstances; it was rejected by two governors, supported by President Buchanan, and decisively defeated by Congress. Lecompton constitution #12 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

14 Act creating a national currency in February Legal Tender Act #13 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

15 Series of debates in the 1858 Illinois senatorial campaign during which Douglas and Lincoln staked out their differing opinions on the issue of slavery. Lincoln-Douglas debates #14 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

16 Law passed by Congress in July 1862 awarding proceeds from the sale of public lands to the states for the establishment of agricultural and mechanical colleges. Morrill Land Grant Act #15 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

17 Act that raised tariffs to more than double their prewar rate. Morrill Tariff Act #16 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

18 Act prohibiting state banks from issuing their own notes and forcing them to apply for federal charters. National Bank Act #17 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

19 Banking crisis that caused a credit crunch in the North; it was less severe in the South, where high cotton prices spurred a quick recovery. Panic of 1857 #18 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

20 Union offensive led by McClellan with the objective of capturing Richmond. Peninsular campaign #19 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

21 A solution to the slave crises suggested by Michigan senator Lewis Cass by which territorial residents, not congress, would decide slavery's fate. Popular sovereignty #20 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

22 Party that emerged in the 1850s in the aftermath of the bitter controversy over the Kansas-Nebraska Act, consisting of former Whigs, some Northern Democrats, and many Know-Nothings. Republican Party #21 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

23 Constitutional amendment ratified in 1865 that freed all slaves throughout the United States. 13 th Amendment #22 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

24 Reference Faragher, J. M., Buhle, M. J., Czitrom, D., & Armitage, S. H. (2009). Out of many: A history of the American people, Vol. I (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. REVIEWEND


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