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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 12 WORLD WAR I Section 1: World War I Breaks Out Section 2: The United.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 12 WORLD WAR I Section 1: World War I Breaks Out Section 2: The United."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 12 WORLD WAR I Section 1: World War I Breaks Out Section 2: The United States Goes to War Section 3: The War at Home Section 4: The War’s End and Aftermath

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 2 Objectives: What were the final events of World War I? What were the final events of World War I? What were the goals of President Wilson’s Fourteen Points? What were the goals of President Wilson’s Fourteen Points? What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles? What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles? Why did the U.S. Senate reject the Treaty of Versailles? Why did the U.S. Senate reject the Treaty of Versailles? What was the global impact of World War I? What was the global impact of World War I? Section 4: The War’s End and Aftermath

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 3 Final events of World War I Germans fail to capture Paris in Germans fail to capture Paris in Allies push forward in the Argonne offensive. Allies push forward in the Argonne offensive. Mutinies break out in the German army and navy, and civilians riot over food. Mutinies break out in the German army and navy, and civilians riot over food. Armistice signed on November 11, Armistice signed on November 11, Section 4: The War’s End and Aftermath

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 4 Goals of the Fourteen Points provide self-determination provide self-determination resolution of territorial disputes resolution of territorial disputes end secret diplomacy and the arms race end secret diplomacy and the arms race stop violations of freedom of the seas stop violations of freedom of the seas end trade barriers end trade barriers Section 4: The War’s End and Aftermath

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 5 Terms of the Treaty of Versailles divided Germany’s colonies and the Ottoman Empire among Allied nations divided Germany’s colonies and the Ottoman Empire among Allied nations established a mandate system established a mandate system created new nations created new nations Section 4: The War’s End and Aftermath

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 6 Reasons for Senate rejection of Treaty of Versailles Some senators rejected the League of Nations completely. Some senators rejected the League of Nations completely. Some senators rejected Article 10 in the League Covenant because it might force the U.S. into an unwanted war. Some senators rejected Article 10 in the League Covenant because it might force the U.S. into an unwanted war. Section 4: The War’s End and Aftermath

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 7 Global impact of World War I heavy human cost heavy human cost heavy economic cost heavy economic cost growing chaos in Germany growing chaos in Germany territorial disputes in Europe and the Middle East territorial disputes in Europe and the Middle East Section 4: The War’s End and Aftermath


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