Presentation on theme: "Greek and Roman Mythology"— Presentation transcript:
1 Greek and Roman Mythology A ReviewofThe Principal Gods and Goddesses
2 What is a myth?A traditional story rooted in primitive folk beliefs of culturesUses the supernatural to interpret natural eventsExplains the culture’s view of the universe and the nature of humanity
3 In the beginning... …was Chaos (shapeless nothingness) Chaos had two children:Night (darkness)Erebus (death)“All was black, empty, silent, endless.”Mysteriously, Love was born of darkness and death.
4 And then... When Love was born, order and beauty began to flourish. Love created Light and Day.Earth was created.She was the solid ground, but also a personality.The Earth bore Heaven to cover her and be a home for the gods.
5 The First Parents Mother Earth = Gaea (Gaia) Father Heaven = Ouranos (Uranus)They had three kinds of children:Three monsters with 100 hands and 50 headsThree cyclopesThe titansThese were the first characters that had the appearance of life, although it was unlike any life known to man.
6 The Titans (The Elder Gods) There were many of them.Enormous size, incredible strengthCronos (Saturn): Ruler of the titansRhea: Wife of CronosOcean: River that encircled the worldIapetus: Father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Atlas (also titans)
7 The Principal Gods Cronos and Rhea were parents of Zeus (Jupiter, Jove)Poseidon (Neptune)Hades (Pluto)Hera (Juno)Hestia (Vesta)Demeter (Ceres)Other Olympians includeAthena (Minerva)Ares (Mars)Hebe (Juventas)Hephaestus (Vulcan)Apollo (Apollo)Artemis (Diana)Hermes (Mercury)Aphrodite (Venus)Dionysus (Bacchus)Persephone
11 Hera Roman Name: Juno Zeus’s sister and wife Jealous protector of marriagePunished the women Zeus fell in love with
12 Poseidon Roman Name: Neptune God of the Seas and Waters “The Earthshaker”
13 Hades Roman Name: Pluto God of the Underworld/ Dead Kidnapped Persephone
14 HestiaRoman Name: VestaGoddess of HomePowerful Protector
15 Demeter Roman Name: Ceres Goddess of the Harvest A Goddess of the Earth
16 Athena Roman Name: Minerva Goddess of Wisdom and War Sprang from Zeus’s head
17 Ares Roman Name: Mars God of War Son of Zeus and Hera Bloodthirsty and merciless
18 Hephaestus Roman Name: Vulcan (Mulciber) God of Fire/Forge Son of Zeus and HeraKind, unlike his brother
19 Apollo Roman Name: Apollo God of Light/Sun and Music Brother of Artemis
20 ArtemisRoman Name: DianaGoddess of the Moon/ HuntSister to Apollo
21 Hermes Roman Name: Mercury Messenger of the Gods Appears in more myths than any other character
22 Aphrodite Roman Name: Venus Goddess of Love and Beauty Sprang from the ocean foam
23 Dionysus Roman Name: Bacchus God of Wine Patron god of the Greek stage A God of the Earth
24 Persephone Roman Name: Proserpina Goddess of the Underworld Daughter of Zeus and DemeterAbducted by Hades
25 Hebe Roman Name: Juventas Goddess of Youth Cupbearer to the Gods Restored youth to the aged
26 Eros Roman Name: Cupid Young God of Love Son of Aphrodite and Hephaestus
27 Iris Goddess of the Rainbow Messenger for Zeus and Hera Daughter of the titan Thaumus and the nymph Electra
28 The Muses Goddesses who presided over the arts and sciences “He is happy whom the muses love.”Nine daughters of Zeus and MnemosyneInspired artists of all kindsClio, Urania, Thalia, Melpomene, Erato, Calliope, Euterpe, Terpsichore, Polyhymnia
29 The Graces Three Goddesses of Grace and Beauty “They give life its bloom.”Aglaia (Splendor)Euphrosyne (Mirth)Thalia (Good Cheer)
30 The Erinnyes (The Furies) Roman Name: Furiae or Dirae (The Furies)Three Goddesses of VengeanceTisiphoneAlectoMegaeraThey punish evildoers.
31 The Fates Roman Name: Parcae, Moirae Three sisters Clotho (“The Spinner”)Lachesis (“The disposer of lots”)Atropos (“The cutter”)They weave, measure, and cut the thread of life for humans.
32 The Satyrs Gods of the woods and mountains “Shepherd gods” Goat men (like Pan)Companions of DionysusThey like to drink, dance, and chase nymphs.
33 The Gorgons Three snake-haired monsters Medusa is most well-known Their look turns men to stone.
34 The Centaurs Half man, half horse Savage creatures (except Chiron) Followers of Dionysus
36 Vocab words derived from Mythology What ship is pictured below?
37 Vocab words derived from Mythology Why would a company name a cruise ship after the Titans?
38 Vocab words derived from Mythology TITANIC: Applied descriptively to machines of great size and power; e.g. a dredger, crane, etc. (adjective when used descriptively, noun when referring to a thing) Etymology: derived from the Greek Τῑτάν , in plural Τιτᾶνες , the Titans, a race of gods expelled by Zeus out of heaven.