Presentation on theme: "Sacraments of Initiation: The Eucharist"— Presentation transcript:
1Sacraments of Initiation: The Eucharist CHAPTER 13
2Eucharist: giving Thanks OLD TESTAMENT ROOTSThe Passover LambManna in the wildernessTodah – thank offeringInstituted by ChristThe Last SupperA pledge of his loveThe New Covenant
3The Real PresenceGospel writers use “to be” –this is a literal connotation, not a metaphorical one“Do this in memory of me” gives Apostles authority to transform bread and wine into his body and bloodSubstance is changed by Holy Spirit acting through Christ. The Eucharist is Christ, under the appearance of bread and wine.
4The Real PresenceOur human senses perceive bread and wine, but we know through faith that Christ is truly present.The change of bread and wine is referred to as transubstantiation (CCC#1376)Really, truly, substantially presentSts. Ignatius of Antioch and Iranaeus of Lyons
5The Real PresenceLet’s watch a summary from a Youth Minister to recap:Gdw
6Miracles of the Eucharist Lanciano, Italy: 8th centuryBread and wine changed to flesh and bloodFlesh has been tested; 1981 determined to be heart tissueBolsena, Italy: 13th centuryBlood seeped from the hostHost and linen enshrined in Cathedral
7Miracles of the Eucharist Amsterdam, Holland: 14th centuryViaticum- Communion given on deathbedUnburned and cold to touch after being placed in fireSiena, Italy: 18th centuryCiborium with hosts stolenReturned and un-deteriorated 300 years laterThese miracles are private revelations, and not added to the Deposit of Faith
8Celebration of Eucharist A Holy SacrificeThe Holy Sacrifice of the Mass re-presents Christ’s sacrifice on the CrossChrist’s sacrifice was perfect, only needing to be offered onceEucharist is a “memorial” and a re-presentationWe are able to participate in Christ’s Sacrifice in the Mass
9Celebration of Eucharist Celebrated as part of Mass.Outside of Mass, adoration, Benediction, and Eucharistic processions allow Catholics to worship the Real Presence of JesusMay be received outside of Mass by the sick, hospitalized, homebound, or incarcerated.
10Who can Receive? One must: Be a baptized CatholicBe in a state of graceBe free of any awareness of mortal sinBe prepared to understand Church teachingApproach sacrament with reverenceFast from food/drink for 1 hourFirst Communicants need instruction and to have received Sacrament of Reconciliation
11Who can Receive?Since the Eucharist is a sign of union (communion), the Church does not permit reception by non-Christians and separated brethrenWould represent union that does not existThis is the same reason Catholics shouldn’t receive communion in Protestant churchesIntercommunion between Catholics and Orthodox is not permitted
12Matter, Form, MinisterMatter: Bread made from wheat flour, wine from grapesIn the Latin rite, bread must be UNLEAVENEDForm: the words of Consecration pronounced by priest acting in persona ChristiMinister: priests, bishops, deacons (distribution), extraordinary ministers (lay people)
13Structure of Mass Two Parts Liturgy of the Word: 1st half of Mass, including all prayers and scripture readings until the intercessions/petitions.Liturgy of the Eucharist: 2nd half of Mass, preparation of the altar/gifts, prayers, Consecration, peace, Holy Communion, and Concluding Rite.
14Liturgical Tour through the Bible The Liturgical Year directs our scripture passages used during Mass; cover most of the Bible in a year just by attending Mass regularlyAdvent-ChristmasOrdinary TimeLent-EasterThe Proper of Saints (Feast Days)
15Rite of Holy Communion Christ becomes present in the Eucharist Frequent Communion is encouraged, but only required once a year.Latin rite receives Communion just as we do at Mass on Tuesdays.The Eastern Rite does it a little differently.
16Eastern Reception of Holy Communion Use leavened bread instead of unleavenedUnleavened hosts offer both species through intinction, dipping the host into the chalice before consumptionWith leavened bread, the procedure is a little different. A soaked cube of the consecrated bread is placed in the communicant’s mouth along with the priest’s statement.
17Undistributed HostsThose not consumed during Mass are reserved in the tabernacleCan be used for communion rites outside of MassChrist is present there (in the Tabernacle)Adoration; Time in the Presence of Christ
18An Ending or Beginning?Conclusion is a Commission: the Mass sends us forth to bring the mystery of Christ into the worldServe others and bring them to faith
19Effects of the Eucharist The spiritual food converts us into ChristGraces received in the EucharistStrengthens and increases our union with ChristReinforces unity in the ChurchIncreases graces and virtues in the soulPardons venial sinsHelps preserve us from sin, strengthening us against temptation through graceDecreases temporal punishment due for sins committed (reducing our time in Purgatory)
20Spiritual CommunionA prayer in which we ask Christ to make himself present in our souls in a spiritual mannerSpiritual communion may be received as often as we say the prayerAn example of this prayer is found on p. 301
21Transformed by the Mass Called to fully conscious, active participationThe Sunday ObligationA precept of the ChurchMortal sin without serious reasonHDO’s (10/6)Place of worship: The building becomes a visible sign of the Church and therefore of Christ himselfA symbolic passing from sinful world to new world of heaven
22Preparing for Mass How to develop proper dispositions Be free from mortal sinReceive the Sacrament of ReconciliationRead the readings in advanceArrive early –prayer and sacramentalsPARTICIPATE!!!
23Adoration Silent adoration before the tabernacle Exposition/BenedictionPerpetual adoration (chapels)Spiritual communionEucharistic processions (Corpus Christi)
24Pope Pius X and the Eucharist Many devout Catholics considered themselves unworthy and received the Sacrament infrequently.He encouraged frequent, even daily, reception of Holy CommunionHe lowered the age of First CommunionHe was canonized in 1954 and celebrates his feast day on August 21.