Presentation on theme: "“Even as this broken bread was scattered over the hills, and was gathered together and became one, so let Your Church be gathered together from the ends."— Presentation transcript:
“Even as this broken bread was scattered over the hills, and was gathered together and became one, so let Your Church be gathered together from the ends of the earth into Your kingdom” (Didache 9)
This passage take place after the multiplication of 5 loaves and 2 fish. Many from the same crowd witnessed Jesus say the words you are about to read. After reading, answer the following questions: What do you think Jesus’ words mean in this passage? Why do you think it was difficult for the followers to accept what he told them?
The Eucharist is “the source and summit of the Christian life.” (Lumen Gentium 11) What does this mean to you?
Melchizedek (Genesis 14:18-20) Paschal Lamb and Passover (Exodus 12:1-10) Passover meal at Last Supper (Lamb, Bread, Wine) “Behold the Lamb of God…” (John 1:29) Manna in the desert (Exodus 16:4) Jesus multiplies loaves and fish to feed multitudes (John 6:5-15) The Feeding of the 5,000 is only miracle present in all four Gospels Jesus turns water into wine (John 2:1-11) Wedding at Cana => Wedding feast of the Lamb
Last Supper Mt 26:26-29; Mk 14:22-25; Lk 22:14-20; 1 Cor 11:23-30 “Do this in remembrance of me” - anamnesis Not in Gospel of John’s Last Supper, but… Bread of Life discourse (John 6:22-59) “I am the Bread of Life; whoever comes to me will never hunger, and whoever believes in me will never thirst.” “I am the living bread that came down from heaven whoever eats this bread will live forever; and the bread that I will give is my flesh for the life of the world.” “Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him.” John’s Gospel does have Jesus gather with his disciples around the time of the Passover, but it is here that he washes their feet, announces Judas’ betrayal, predicts Peter’s denial, and promises to send the Holy Spirit. "Do this in memory of me" (Ancient Greek: "το ῦ το ποιε ῖ τε ε ἰ ς τ ὴ ν ἐ μ ὴ ν ἀ νάμνησιν", Ancient Greek
Transubstantiation – the unique change of the substance of the Eucharistic bread and wine into the Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity of Christ, while retaining the accidental appearances of bread and wine. Continues to look like bread and wine (shape, color, weight, taste, etc), but IS the Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity of Jesus We see this through the eyes of faith, trusting in the words and teachings of Jesus passed down through his apostles and the Church. This takes place at the words of consecration. “Take and eat…this is my body…do this in memory of me.”
Recipient – Baptized Catholic in the state of grace (free from grave sin) Sufficient knowledge and belief of the teachings of the Eucharist Fast from food and drink except water or medicine for one hours before receiving Communion Approach the Eucharist with reverence and devotion Matter Wheat bread (unleavened in West) Grape Wine Form Institution Narrative (“Take this, all of you, and eat of it…this is my body…”) Epiclesis holds some importance, especially in East Minister Ordinary: Bishop or Priest Extraordinary: none
More intimate union with Christ Nourishes spiritual life received in Baptism and strengthened by Confirmation Increase of theological virtues of faith, hope, and love, and strengthening of gifts and fruits of Holy Spirit United more with Mystical Body of Christ, the Church “Be what you see; receive what you are.” – St. Augustine Increases Grace and Virtue within the soul. Commits us to service of the poor and unity with all people
Forgives us from sin Wiping away venial sins and (not mortal sin, because that makes someone unworthy to receive the Eucharist) Preserve us from sin Actual grace received in the Sacrament strengthens us against temptation and reducing our tendency toward sin. Helps us to remain humble and helps us against pride and self-centeredness Decreases temporal punishment – “time” in Purgatory Helps to purify our souls here on Earth before we die
Offertory Gloria Epiclesis Opening Prayer Homily Second Reading Communion Rite Alleluia / Acclamation Our Father/Sign of Peace Responsorial Psalm First Reading Institution Narrative Penitential Rite Sanctus (Holy, Holy, Holy) Entrance and Greeting Gospel The Creed Great Amen General Intercessions Concluding Rite
Entrance and Greeting Penitential Rite Gloria Opening Prayer First Reading Responsorial Psalm Second Reading Alleluia / Acclamation Gospel Homily The Creed General Intercessions Offertory Sanctus (Holy, Holy, Holy) Epiclesis Institution Narrative Great Amen Our Father / Sign of Peace Communion Rite Concluding Rite 1) Introductory Rite Entrance and Greeting Penitential Rite Gloria Opening Prayer 2) Liturgy of the Word First Reading Responsorial Psalm Second Reading Alleluia / Acclamation Gospel Homily The Creed General Intercessions 3) Liturgy of the Eucharist Offertory Sanctus (Holy, Holy, Holy) Epiclesis Institution Narrative Great Amen Our Father / Sign of Peace Communion Rite 4) Concluding Rite
Purpose of the Introductory Rites is to bring the people into communion with one another as they prepare to worship God in both Word and Eucharist. Entrance & Greeting – Gathering Song or Chant, Open Mass with the Sign of the Cross, and a greeting “The Lord be with you” – “And with your spirit.” Penitential Rite – Ask forgiveness for sins from God and each other “I confess to almighty God, and to you my brothers and sisters, that I have greatly sinned…” Gloria – song of praise to God for saving us from sin & death Opening Prayer (Collect) – prayer addresses the specific character of the particular liturgy for the day
Focuses on active listening to the Scripture that leads us to prayer for community and prepares us for the liturgy of the Eucharist. First Reading– Usually from the Old Testament, occasionally from the Acts of the Apostles Reminder that our faith predates the time of Jesus Responsorial Psalm– Poetic musical collection of prayers from the time of King David Express a wide variety of emotions – thanksgiving, praise, lamentation (sadness & complaint), etc. Second Reading – Usually a New Testament reading from the epistles or Revelation – offer instruction for the Christian community
Gospel Acclamation – Alleluia “Praise the Lord” Lent – “Praise to you Lord…” Gospel– life and teachings of Jesus Homily– sermon to teach about the Scriptures or teachings of the Church Creed– Profession of Faith – proclaim our core beliefs Prayer of the Faithful (General Intercessions) – offer prayers to God for The Church Government and World Leaders Those suffering Particular needs of the community Those who have died and/or special occasion intentions
Gospel Acclamation – Lent – “Praise to you Lord…” Gospel– life and teachings of Jesus Homily– sermon to teach about the Scriptures or teachings of the Church Creed– Profession of Faith – proclaim our core beliefs Prayer of the Faithful (General Intercessions) – offer prayers to God for The Church Government and World Leaders Those suffering Particular needs of the community Those who have died and/or special occasion intentions