2The literature of a formative past by the various groups of people who inhabited the archipelago A literature of varying human interestClose to the religious and political organizations of the ancient FilipinosThe verses were addressed to the ears rather than the eyes
3Verses composed and sung were regarded as group property Versification:OctosyllabicLegendary and religious poemsDodecasyllabicRomance
4Examples of Ancient Filipino Poetry Dalawang Balon Hindi Malingon Sa araw ay Bunbong Sa gabi ay dahon
5Sang dalagang marikit Nakaupo sa tinik Kung bayaa’y nabubuhay Kung himasi’y namamatay
6Riddle (bugtong)Made up of one or more measured lines with rhymes and may consist of 4 to 12 syllablesShowcase the Filipino wit, literary talent, and keen observation of the surroundingsInvolves reference to one or two images that symbolize the characteristics of an unknown object that is to be guessed
7Purpose of BugtongTo entertain. Living in remote areas, before the advent of electricity, families would sit around the fire and the elders would quiz the younger generation with riddles.To educate. Riddles serve the function of passing down knowledge from one generation to the next. They require thinking in order to solve them.To titillate. Many old Filipino riddles contain double entendres that were intended to amuse the men and shock the women.To curse, without expressly cursing. A riddle could be made up against an enemy, rival town, or suitor.To preserve the culture. Riddles communicate the old ways from one generation to the next.
8ExampleAte mo, ate ko, Ate ng lahat ng tao.(My sister, your sister, everyone's sister)Atis (Sugar Apple)
9Salawikain & Sawikain Epigrams/maxims/proverbs Short poems that have been customarily been used and served as laws or rules on good behavior by our ancestorsAllegories or parables that impart lessons for the youngOften expressing a single idea, that is usually satirical and had a witty endingMaxims- rhyming couplets (5,6,8 syllables)
10Ex of salawikainAng matapat na kaibigan, tunay na maaasahan You will know a true friend in time of need.
11Ex of Sawikain kumukulo ang dugo "blood is boiling" = is very angry isulat sa tubig "write on water" = forget about itEx of MaximsPag hindi ukol, Hindi bubukol. -means What is not intended for one will not bear fruit.
12BULONG (chants) Used in witchcraft or enchantments Sa hinaba-haba ng prusisyonSa simbahan din pala ang tuloyHele heleBago kyeme
13Halimbawa (for example): Tabi, tabi po, Ingkong Makikiraan po lamang.
14Kasabihan (sayings)Used in teasing or to comment on a persons’ acutations“Catitibay ca tolosSacaling datnang agosAco’ I momonting lomotSa iyo’ I popolopot”Nag-almusal mag-isaKaning lamig, tinapa;Nahulog ang kutsaraIkaw na sana, sinta
15TanagaA quatrain with seven syllables each with the same rhyme at the end of each lineNo titleAABBEx. “Tahak ng tingin, tulakng sulyap, yakap, lapatng titig sa balikat.hatak pa, kindat, hakat”
16Ambahantraditional poetry of the Hanunoo Mangyans of Oriental Mindoro which is normally inscribed on bamboo using a pre-Colonial syllabic writing system called the Surat Mangyan .seven-syllable metric linescan be composed of more than four linesusually chantedteaches lessons about liferecited by parents to educate their children, by the youth to express their love, by the old to impart experiences, or by the community in tribal ceremonies
17on some occasions like burial rites, the ambahan is used for entertainment Sugot nga maaw kunman Tangdayan no ma-amban Sabungan no manuywan Impad las yami daywan Hanggan buhok timbangan Hanggan sa balod pangdan Bugkat di way yamungan Bilang dayi bunlagan No kang tinaginduman Kang magpahalimbaw-an Ga bugtong ti bilugan
18(Isn't this the truth with all: If the wife is good and kind, the husband reasonable, you have always friends around, like long hair drooping so nice. Till the final burial mount, you'll be sleeping on one mat. You don't want to separate Putting down my thoughts like this: An example very clear, being TWO, you're only ONE.)
19Mythsderived from Philippine folk literature, which is the traditional oral literature of the Filipino people. This refers to a wide range of material due to the ethnic mix of the PhilippinesThere are many different creation myths in Philippine mythology, originating from various ethnic groups.Story of BathalaVisayan versionThe legend of Maria Makiling
20Presence of different deities Ex. BathalaLakambakodMythical creaturesAswangDilaDiwataDwendeTikbalangMankukulam
22Ancient Metrical Tales Aliguyonthe exploits of Aliguyon as he battles his arch-enemy, PambukhayonBiagni Lam-Angtells of the adventuresvof Lam-Ang who exhibits extraordinary powers at a very early age.Ibalonthe story of three Bicol heroes: Baltog, Handiong, BantiongHinilawodoldest and longest epic poem in Panaythe exploits of three Sulodnon demigod brothers, LabawDonggon, Humadapnon and Dumalapdap of ancient Panay
24Folk Songsa form of folk lyric which expresses the people’s hopes, aspirations, and lifestylesrepetitive and sonorous, didactic and naivetraditional songs and melodiesinspired by the reaction of the people to their environment
25uyayi – lullabykomintang – war songkundiman – melancholic love songharana – serenadetagay – drinking songmambayu – Kalinga rice-pounding songsubli – dance-ritual song of courtship /marriageTagulaylay- songs of the dead
27vidsSo you guys please check out these videos that I want to show in the presentation and tell me which one.And if you guys have something to add please do telll and tell the other group members pleaseI expect that some of yall do some research on what was said in the ppt so youll be ready on WednesdayvbqI&feature=related