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Pre-Colonial Philippine Literature

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Presentation on theme: "Pre-Colonial Philippine Literature"— Presentation transcript:

1 Pre-Colonial Philippine Literature

2 The literature of a formative past by the various groups of people who inhabited the archipelago
A literature of varying human interest Close to the religious and political organizations of the ancient Filipinos The verses were addressed to the ears rather than the eyes

3 Verses composed and sung were regarded as group property
Versification: Octosyllabic Legendary and religious poems Dodecasyllabic Romance

4 Examples of Ancient Filipino Poetry
Dalawang Balon Hindi Malingon Sa araw ay Bunbong Sa gabi ay dahon

5 Sang dalagang marikit Nakaupo sa tinik Kung bayaa’y nabubuhay Kung himasi’y namamatay

6 Riddle (bugtong) Made up of one or more measured lines with rhymes and may consist of 4 to 12 syllables Showcase the Filipino wit, literary talent, and keen observation of the surroundings Involves reference to one or two images that symbolize the characteristics of an unknown object that is to be guessed

7 Purpose of Bugtong To entertain. Living in remote areas, before the advent of electricity, families would sit around the fire and the elders would quiz the younger generation with riddles. To educate. Riddles serve the function of passing down knowledge from one generation to the next. They require thinking in order to solve them. To titillate. Many old Filipino riddles contain double entendres that were intended to amuse the men and shock the women. To curse, without expressly cursing. A riddle could be made up against an enemy, rival town, or suitor. To preserve the culture. Riddles communicate the old ways from one generation to the next.

8 Example Ate mo, ate ko, Ate ng lahat ng tao.(My sister, your sister, everyone's sister) Atis (Sugar Apple)

9 Salawikain & Sawikain Epigrams/maxims/proverbs
Short poems that have been customarily been used and served as laws or rules on good behavior by our ancestors Allegories or parables that impart lessons for the young Often expressing a single idea, that is usually satirical and had a witty ending Maxims- rhyming couplets (5,6,8 syllables)

10 Ex of salawikain Ang matapat na kaibigan, tunay na maaasahan You will know a true friend in time of need.

11 Ex of Sawikain kumukulo ang dugo "blood is boiling" = is very angry
isulat sa tubig "write on water" = forget about it Ex of Maxims Pag hindi ukol, Hindi bubukol. -means What is not intended for one will not bear fruit.

12 BULONG (chants) Used in witchcraft or enchantments
Sa hinaba-haba ng prusisyon Sa simbahan din pala ang tuloy Hele hele Bago kyeme

13 Halimbawa (for example): Tabi, tabi po, Ingkong  Makikiraan po lamang. 

14 Kasabihan (sayings) Used in teasing or to comment on a persons’ acutations “Catitibay ca tolos Sacaling datnang agos Aco’ I momonting lomot Sa iyo’ I popolopot” Nag-almusal mag-isa Kaning lamig, tinapa; Nahulog ang kutsara Ikaw na sana, sinta

15 Tanaga A quatrain with seven syllables each with the same rhyme at the end of each line No title AABB Ex. “Tahak ng tingin, tulak ng sulyap, yakap, lapat ng titig sa balikat. hatak pa, kindat, hakat”

16 Ambahan traditional poetry of the Hanunoo Mangyans of Oriental Mindoro which is normally inscribed on bamboo using a pre-Colonial syllabic writing system called the Surat Mangyan . seven-syllable metric lines can be composed of more than four lines usually chanted teaches lessons about life recited by parents to educate their children, by the youth to express their love, by the old to impart experiences, or by the community in tribal ceremonies

17 on some occasions like burial rites, the ambahan is used for entertainment
Sugot nga maaw kunman Tangdayan no ma-amban Sabungan no manuywan Impad las yami daywan Hanggan buhok timbangan Hanggan sa balod pangdan Bugkat di way yamungan Bilang dayi bunlagan No kang tinaginduman Kang magpahalimbaw-an Ga bugtong ti bilugan

18 (Isn't this the truth with all: If the wife is good and kind, the husband reasonable, you have always friends around, like long hair drooping so nice. Till the final burial mount, you'll be sleeping on one mat. You don't want to separate Putting down my thoughts like this: An example very clear, being TWO, you're only ONE.)

19 Myths derived from Philippine folk literature, which is the traditional oral literature of the Filipino people. This refers to a wide range of material due to the ethnic mix of the Philippines There are many different creation myths in Philippine mythology, originating from various ethnic groups. Story of Bathala Visayan version The legend of Maria Makiling

20 Presence of different deities
Ex. Bathala Lakambakod Mythical creatures Aswang Dila Diwata Dwende Tikbalang Mankukulam

21 Ancient Metrical Tales
Ifugao – Hudhud hi Aliguyon Ilocos – Biagni Lam-ang Bicol - Ibalon Mindanao – Darangan Panay – Hinilawod Bagobo - Tuwaang Kalinga – Ulaliim Manobo – Agyu or Olahing Subanon - Sandayo

22 Ancient Metrical Tales
Aliguyon the exploits of Aliguyon as he battles his arch-enemy, Pambukhayon Biagni Lam-Ang tells of the adventuresvof Lam-Ang who exhibits extraordinary powers at a very early age. Ibalon the story of three Bicol heroes: Baltog, Handiong, Bantiong Hinilawod oldest and longest epic poem in Panay the exploits of three Sulodnon demigod brothers, LabawDonggon, Humadapnon and Dumalapdap of ancient Panay


24 Folk Songs a form of folk lyric which expresses the people’s hopes, aspirations, and lifestyles repetitive and sonorous, didactic and naive traditional songs and melodies inspired by the reaction of the people to their environment

25 uyayi – lullaby komintang – war song kundiman – melancholic love song harana – serenade tagay – drinking song mambayu – Kalinga rice-pounding song subli – dance-ritual song of courtship /marriage Tagulaylay- songs of the dead


27 vids So you guys please check out these videos that I want to show in the presentation and tell me which one. And if you guys have something to add please do telll and tell the other group members please I expect that some of yall do some research on what was said in the ppt so youll be ready on Wednesday vbqI&feature=related

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