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Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis Let’s look at the difference!

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Presentation on theme: "Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis Let’s look at the difference!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis Let’s look at the difference!

2 What is metamorphosis? Metamorphosis refers to the way that certain organisms develop, grow, and change form. Metamorphosis actually means "change".

3 Two Types of Metamorphosis INCOMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS - has THREE stages COMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS - usually has FOUR stages.

4 INCOMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS Let’s take a closer look at each stage!

5 3 STAGES OF INCOMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS Egg Nymph Adult

6 EGG A female insect lays eggs. These eggs are often covered by an egg case which protects the eggs and holds them together.

7 NYMPH The eggs hatch into nymphs. Nymphs looks like small adults, but usually don't have wings. Insect nymphs eat the same food that the adult insect eats. Nymphs shed or molt their exoskeletons (outer casings made up of a hard substance called chitin) and replace them with larger ones several times as they grow. Most nymphs molt 4-8 times.

8 ADULT The insects stop molting when they reach their adult size. By this time, they have also grown wings.

9 COMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS Let’s take a closer look at each stage!

10 4 STAGES OF COMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS Egg Larva Pupa Adult

11 EGG The female lays eggs.

12 LARVA Larva hatch from the eggs. They do not look like adult insects. They usually have a worm-like shape. Caterpillars, maggots, and grubs are all just the larval stages of insects. Larvae molt their skin several times and they grow slightly larger.

13 PUPA Larva make cocoons around themselves. Larva don't eat while they're inside their cocoons. Their bodies develop into an adult shape with wings, legs, internal organs, etc. This change takes anywhere from 4 days to many months.

14 ADULT Inside the cocoon, the larvae change into adults. After a period of time, the adult breaks out of the cocoon.

15 WHAT ABOUT FROGS? Frogs undergo a different type of METAMORPHOSIS. From the egg emerges a tadpole, which lives in the water, breathes with gills, and has a tail. As the tadpole grows, lungs and legs form, and the gills and tail are absorbed into the body. Finally, the animal leaves the water and lives mainly on land, as a frog.

16 Let’s see what we know! Let’s take Professor Know-It-All’s Quiz and see what we have learned!

17 QUESTION #1 What are the two types of metamorphosis? 1. Complete 2. Incomplete

18 QUESTION #2 What are the stages in incomplete metamorphosis? Egg Nymph Adult

19 QUESTION #3 What happens to the nymph as it grows? 1. It molts or sheds its exoskeleton.

20 QUESTION #4 How many stages are there in complete metamorphosis? Answer: 4

21 QUESTION #5 - Name the stages in complete metamorphosis. 1. Egg 2. Larva 3. Pupa 4. Adult

22 QUESTION #6 Identify the cycle as complete or incomplete metamorphosis. complete

23 QUESTION #7 Identify the cycle as complete or incomplete metamorphosis. Explain your decision. Incomplete The newly hatched nymph looks similar to the adult.

24 QUESTION #8 Identify each stage of the complete metamorphosis of the butterfly. A B C D E F A – egg B – larva C – larva D – larva E – pupa F - adult

25 QUESTION #9 Why is the lifecycle of the frog considered metamorphosis? The newly hatched tadpole does not look like the adult.

26 Complete or Incomplete? You Decide. CompleteIncomplete Complete Incomplete Complete

27 YOU’VE JUST COMPLETED PROFESSOR KNOW-IT- ALL’S QUIZ How did you do?


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