2 Kingdom: Animalia Subkingdom: Parazoa Phylum: Porifera Cellular level of organization.Phylum: Poriferaa. Body is perforated with 2 types of pores:1.Ostia(inhalant or incurrent siphon):numerous ,small for entering water11.Osculum(exhalant or excurrent siphon):less in number,large in size for getting water out of body
3 b.Body with single cavity(Spongocoel) or (Paragastric cavity)lined with (Choanocytes)or(collar cells).
4 c. With 3 types of sponge structure or canal system: AsconSyconLeucon
5 d. With internal skeleton of: 1. Spicules Calcareous Siliceous 2 d. With internal skeleton of: 1.Spicules Calcareous Siliceous 2.Spongin fibers 3.both
14 Sexual Amphiblastula larva Parenchymula larva Calcerea Demospongia The flagellate larva in which there is a cavity filled with gelatinous connective tissue.a free swimming larva that is a blastula with small flagellated cells in one hemisphere and large nonflagellated cells in the other
15 AsexualGemmuleGemmules are internal buds found in sponges that are the result of asexual reproduction, and are a response to a hostile environment.They are resistant to desiccation (drying out), freezing, and anoxia (lack of oxygen) and can lie around for long periods of time.. Gemmules are made up of amoebocytes surrounded by a layer of spicules and can survive conditions that would kill adult sponges. When the environment becomes less hostile, the gemmule resumes growing