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William Carey (1761 – 1834) Expect great things from God, attempt great things for God.” The 1800’s - “The Great Century” CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 28.

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Presentation on theme: "William Carey (1761 – 1834) Expect great things from God, attempt great things for God.” The 1800’s - “The Great Century” CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 28."— Presentation transcript:

1 William Carey (1761 – 1834) Expect great things from God, attempt great things for God.” The 1800’s - “The Great Century” CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 28

2 Apostolic Church Apostolic Fathers Church Councils Church History Ca. 30AD590 AD1517 AD Golden Age of Church Fathers Reformation & Counter Reformation Rationalism, Revivalism, & Denominationalism Revivalism, Missions, & Modernism ? Ancient Church HistoryMedieval Church HistoryModern Church History The Pre-Reformers The First Medieval Pope The Rise of the Holy Rom Emp The Crusades The Papacy in Decline

3 The 1800’s - “The Great Century” Great in its results Great in its reach - missionary zeal & social reform - into all the world

4 Great Spiritual Revivals German Pietistic Revival – Moravians early to mid 1700’s English Methodist Revivals – late 1730 – 1790’s 1 st Great Awakening – 1720’s – 1760’s 2 nd Great Awakening – 1790’s – 1840’s The Context of the Great Century

5 Great growth in scientific knowledge Great growth in technology Great growth in transportation Great growth in prosperity The Context of the Great Century Great growth in worldwide peace (1815 - 1914) Germs/fighting disease Surgery-antisepsis & anethesia Chemicals to fight pests Genetics – seed selection/breeding Telegraph & telephone Electricity Refrigeration – industrial uses Steam powered factories/farm equip Steam – ships/trains Industrial Revolution (few - very wealthy, large minority – middle class, many - very poor) Great Modernization

6 The Context of the Great Century Christianity Assaulted Sciences Societal Organization Prosperity & Urbanization Charles Darwin Nietzsche Comte Huxley Karl Marx Materialism & Sin

7 Colonialism is the extension of a nation’s sovereignty over territory beyond its borders by the establishment of either settler or exploitation colonies in which indigenous populations are directly ruled, displaced, or exterminated. Colonizing nations generally dominate the resources, labor, and markets of the colonial territory, and may also imposse socio-cultural, religious and linguistic structures on the indigenous population. Colonization The Context of the Great Century

8 1900

9 Religious Awakening & Modern Technology Social Reforms Missionary Endeavors Christianity Challenged by Outside Threats & Unprecedented Opportunity

10 America Prohitibion against dueling Abolition of debtor prison & general prison reform Prohibition movements began in late 1700’s Methodist, Presbyterian, & Congregationalist 1895 – Anti-Saloon League 18 th Amendment adopted in 1919; 1933 Abolition of Slavery 1769 – Congregational churches began to preach against slavery 1833 – Lane Seminary in Cincinnati became the center of an anti-slavery movement led by students. When the admin. Prohibited the students participation, the students left for Oberlin College. 1833 – The American Anti-Slavery Society Many denominations split – Wesleyan Methodist Church; Southern Baptist Church; Presbyterian Church.

11 America (cont.) Urbanization Industrialization & immigration caused cities to grow rapidly City Rescue Missions – The Water Street Mission of New York – 1872 Chicago’s Pacific Garden Mission, 1877 Young Men’s Christian Association – Boston in 1851 Young Women’s Christian Association – 1855 The Goodwill Industries – 1900 The Salvation Army – Late 1880’s

12 England William Wilberforce (1759-1833) – outlaw of the slave trade Lord Shaftesbury (1801-1885) – in 1840 worked for laws against unfair child labor – chimney sweeps, mine work; reform of insane asylums & lodging houses. John Howard & Elizabeth Fry worked to reform prisons YMCA & YWCA – youth living in cities

13 Background New England Experiment John Elliot (1631) Missionary to Algonkian Indians; published a catechism in their language and translated the Bible, the first Bible to be printed in North America. David Brainerd (1718- 1747) Missionary to Senecca & Delaware Indians. His legacy was not his strategy, but his heart for God and a intense desire for Indians to know Christ. Moravians – Caribbean, Far East, Africa, Greenland French Huguenots – missionary attempts to Brazil Dutch Colonists – church planting in Indonesia

14 Church Efforts 1792 – The Baptist Missionary Society – Sent William Carey & the Serampore Trio to India, Carey, Joshua Marshman, & William Ward 1799 – Church Missionary Society – Evangelical Anglican Church sent Henry Martyn to India & Persia – translation work 1810 – American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions – formed by Congregationalists and Presbyterians, Haystack Revival 1814 – Baptist Missionary Board – Adoniram Judson, Burma England American Scotland 1824 – Thomas Chalmers – St Andrews 7 1847 – Reformed Church of Scotland – John G. Paton, New Hebrides 1861 – Southern Presb. Church – John Latin Wilson – Congo/Zaire 1795 – London Missionary Society – David Livingstone (1813-1873), Smoke of a 1000 villages, 3 C’s: Christianity, Commerce, & Civilization, Explorer & Abolitionists

15 Faith Missions 1865 - China Inland Mission, Hudson Taylor 1867 – 1951 – Amy Carmichael - India

16 Born in England, was a shoemaker who was converted around 17 years old Later becomes a pastor and serves in 2 churches Carey developed a deep sense of duty to take the gospel overseas 5 Common Objections Carey had to refute about Missions Obj. #1 – No Duty to Go Obj. #2 – Too Far to Go Obj. #3 – What Are We Going to Eat Obj. #4 – Savages Will Kill Us Obj. #5 – Language Barrier Too Great Carey joined with 12 other pastors to form a Missionary Society. Carey will leave with his wife for India. Dorothy Carey does not want to go, she will have a nervous break down and go insane before dying. She will die in India Baptist Deacon- “Sit down, young man. When it pleases the Lord to convert the heathen, he will do it without your help or mine.” Enquiry into the Obligation of Christians to Use Means for the Conversion of the Heathen (1792)

17 1.To set an infinite value on men’s souls. 2.To acquaint ourselves with the snares which hold the minds of the people. 3.To abstain from whatever deepens India’s prejudice against the gospel. 4.To watch for every chance of doing the people good. 5.To preach “Christ crucified” as the grand means of conversions. 6.To esteem and treat Indians always as our equals. 7.To guard and build up “the hosts that may be gathered.” 8.To cultivate their spiritual gifts, ever pressing upon them their missionary obligation, since Indians only can win India for Christ. 9.To labor unceasingly in biblical translation. 10.To be instant in the nurture of personal religion. 11.To give ourselves without reserve to the Cause, “not counting even the clothes we wear our own.”

18  Don’t Despise Youth.  Study one’s culture and be attuned for opportunity to serve Christ. Observations  Euro-American Christianity transitions to a World Christianity.

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