Presentation on theme: "THE BEATLES The Beatles are looking back at all the revolutions that have occurred from the 18 th through the 20 th Century. What do they think is universal."— Presentation transcript:
THE BEATLES The Beatles are looking back at all the revolutions that have occurred from the 18 th through the 20 th Century. What do they think is universal about revolutions? What warnings do they seem to suggest?
DEFINITION OF REVOLUTION: a sudden or complete change in something a radical and pervasive change in society and the social structure an overthrow and replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed “Every revolution was first a thought in one man’s mind.” - Ralph Waldo Emerson
REVOLUTIONS OCCUR WHEN : People from all social classes are discontented People feel restless and held down People are hopeful but forced to accept less Bitterness between social classes Social classes become more hostile Scholars and thinkers give up on present situation Government cannot respond to society’s needs Leaders of government begin to defect Government cannot get support Governments bankrupt or trying to tax too heavily or unjustly
DOCUMENT ACTIVITY Based on the documents, complete the chart on conditions that lead to revolution Write a thesis statement to answer the question: What were the main causes of the French Revolution (think about AP Themes)
Crane Brinton’s Anatomy of Revolution Compares a revolution to a fever or a disease: The revolutionary “fever” begins with the appearance of certain “symptoms.” It proceeds by advances and retreats to a crisis stage, or “delirium.” The crisis ends when the “fever” breaks. A period of recuperation follows, interrupted by a relapse or two before the recovery is complete.
WARM-UP What were conditions like on the sugar plantations in the Americas? Imagine that you are a black slave on the French colonial island of Haiti and you have just heard that France has issued a Declaration of the Rights of Man that says “all men are created equal and with rights.” What might this lead you to think?
Finishing up on French Revolution. We have just met the guillotine…………
CRISIS=BREAKDOWN OF GOVERNMENT CONTROL Estates General called Third Estate demands reform National Assembly declared Storming the Bastille Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen March of the Women National Assembly reforms
DELIRIUM=CONTROL OF EXTREMISTS/REIGN OF TERROR Prussia and Austria invade France French Republic established King put on trial and executed Reign of Terror
CONVALESCENCE=RECUPERATION AND RELAPSE Robespierre arrested and executed Napoleon stages a coup; eventually crowns himself emperor; tries to take over Europe and Russia After, France becomes a constitutional as opposed to an absolute monarchy
RETURN TO NORMALCY Look at list of consequences: Put an S by short-term and an L by long-term Which was most important in each category?
HAITIAN REVOLUTION With your table group, read about Haitian Revolution and complete chart that compares it with French Revolution. With your group, identify three differences between the two revolutions. If time, do you see any similarities?