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CRACKING THE CODE Mastering PSAT Sentence Completions “It’s ELEMENTARY!”

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Presentation on theme: "CRACKING THE CODE Mastering PSAT Sentence Completions “It’s ELEMENTARY!”"— Presentation transcript:

1 CRACKING THE CODE Mastering PSAT Sentence Completions “It’s ELEMENTARY!”

2 SYNONYM SENTENCES SIGNAL WORDS AND AND ALSO ALSO ADDITIONALLY ADDITIONALLY SINCE SINCE MOREOVER MOREOVER AS WELL AS AS WELL AS FURTHERMORE FURTHERMORE INDEED INDEED

3 1. Churchill urged an uncompromising and ______ attitude with Hitler, rather than the policy of appeasement advocated by Neville Chamberlain. (A) F LEXIBLE (B) R ESOLUTE (C) D ESPERATE (D) D OCILE (E) O BEDIENT __________ ____ ________

4 2. Outgoing and ________ by nature, Ursula became even more gregarious at the company party. (A) A FFABLE (B) R ECULSIVE (C) S OLITARY (D) B ELLIGERENT (E) D ECEPTIVE ____ ___________

5 Avoid cliché & idiom

6 Free Associate Black and … Up and … Rock and… Each and … Peanut butter and… WHITE! DOWN! ROLL! EVERY! JELLY! ETS knows what you EXPECT… So they DO the UNEXPECTED!!!

7 EASY: 3. Flying in the face of _________, the writer George Sand shocked her contemporaries by taking lovers and by wearing men’s clothes. (A) I MMODESTY (B) R ECONCILIATION (C) E MANCIPATION (D) C ONVENTION (E) M ODERNISM IDIOM: flying in the face of convention (popular opinion)

8 HARD: 4. Like a charlatan, Harry tried to _________ the audience with ________ evidence. (A) c onfuse…cogent (B) p ersuade…incontrovertible (C) d upe…spurious (D) e ducate…devious (E) e nthrall…substantiated IDIOMS: …Incontrovertible evidence …A preponderance of evidence _____

9 MATH TACTICS for Critical Reading: Verbal Values + PLUS - MINUS 0 NEUTRAL o

10 _____. 5. The critic liked nothing about the movie; she called the plot ____ and the acting _____. A. D REARY…INSPIRING B. T RITE…DAZZLING C. E XHILARATING…ENTHRALLING D. S TIRRING…UNPROFESSIONAL E. T EDIOUS…AMATEURISH -,+-,++,++,--,- (-) (-,-) ______________________

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12 6. No one is neutral about Pres. Bush; he inspires either uncritical _____ from his supporters or profound _____ from his opponents. (A) A DULATION…OPPROBRIUM (B) E NTHUSIASM…EXUBERANCE (C) A PATHY…REVULSION (D) C ONDEMNATION…VENERATION (E) D ISGUST…AVERSION +,- +,+ -,- -,+ -,- (+,-)

13 7. In temperament they were radically different: the older man was quiet and ____; the younger was _______ and uninhibited. (A) R ESERVED…RAUCOUS (B) A LOOF…RESTRAINED (C) H ARSH…RESTLESS (D) T ACITURN…LACONIC (E) A GITATED…NOISY +,--,+-,--,--,- (+,-)

14 8. Although the novel was bold and _____, the movie disappointed many viewers who thought it was _________and bland.. (A) O BSOLETE…CAPTIVATING (B) D ISTINCTIVE…UNIQUE (C) R OUTINE…MUNDANE (D) I NNOVATIVE…CONVENTIONAL (E) I NSIPID…SCINTILLATING -,+ +,+ 0,+/- +/0,- -/0,+ (+, 0 /-)

15 Challenging VOCABULARY Complex SENTENCE structure TOUGH NUTS! (Level 5)

16 SENTENCE COMPLETIONS – – EASY…MEDIUM…HARD (A) COGENT…PERFUNCTORY (B) PUISSANT…POIGNANT (C) TRACTABLE…AIMABLE (D) HEGEMONIC…MERCURIAL (E) MUNDANE…TRENCHANT

17 The phenomenon is called viral _____ because the presence of one kind of virus seems to inhibit infection by any other. (A) P ROLIFERATION (B) M UTATION (C) I NTERFERENCE (D) E PIDEMIC (E) C OOPERATION The phenomenon is called viral _____ because the presence of one kind of virus seems to inhibit infection by any other.

18 What happens to J.A.S. on Level 5 questions

19 An apparently gratuitous gesture, whether it is spiteful or solicitous, arouses suspicion, while a gesture recognized to be ____________ gives no reason for surprise. (A) W ARRANTED (B) D UBIOUS (C) A FFECTED (D) B ENEVOLENT (E) R ANCOROUS ______ ___________

20 The novelist brings out the _______________ of human beings time and time again by __________________their lives to the permanence of the vast landscape. (A) A BSURDITY…RELATING (B) T RANSIENCE…LIKENING (C) E VANESCENCE…CONTRASTING (D) C OMPLEXITY…COMPARING (E) U NIQUENESS…OPPOSING ______ __________

21 Ruskin’s vitriolic attack was the climax of the _____ he heaped upon paintings that today seem amazingly _______ (A) C RITICISM…UNPOPULAR (B) R IDICULE…INOFFENSIVE (C) P RAISE…AMATEURISH (D) I NDIFFERENCE…SCANDALOUS (E) A CCLAIM…CREDITABLE -,- -,0 +,- 0/-,- +,+ (-, 0 /+)

22 The history of science is replete with examples of bold new theories that were _____ when they first appeared but were subsequently ____ by future researchers. (A) C ORROBORATED…VERIFIED (B) A SSAILED…DERIDED (C) B OYCOTTED…REPUDIATED (D) V ILIFIED…SUBSTANTIATED (E) L AUDED…REVERED +,+ -,- -,+ +,+ (-, +) or (+,-)

23 Like a true iconoclast, Ann was a/an _____ who _____ conventional styles of management. (A) N ONCONFORMIST…SPURNED (B) M ISCREANT…EMBRACED (C) A N AESTHETE..ENCOURAGED (D) A LOAFER…ENFORCED (E) D ISSENTER…ADVOCATED ________ _______ KEY ?: Synonyms or antonyms?

24 Always know where you are! MIDDLE = MEDIUM difficulty

25 Rule #2: EASY QUESTIONS Have EASY ANSWERS! HARD QUESTIONS Have HARD ANSWERS! Rule #1:

26 Pace Yourself! Remember:

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28 S.C.’s = easiest points on the PSAT, so… NAIL THEM ALL!


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