2Reading Critically Not about finding fault with author Rather engaging author in a discussion by asking questions as you read an article or essayRequiring author to meet certain demands that employ good writing techniques:
3How to read criticallyGood note takingKeep a Reader’s log
4Author’s Name and title of Article Summary: List main ideas, key features, examples, and evidence the author may provideResponse:Log your reaction to each main point, record your comments, and questions
5Purpose of this EssayTo understand an author’s main idea and purpose for workTo recognize the main points that support that main ideaTo be able to summarize(paraphrase) author’s main ideasTo be able to respond or react to what the author has to say (to support or defend your point of view)
6Preparing the Summary Cite the author and the title of the text Indicate the main ideas of the textParaphrase main ideas; quote sparingly, use key words, phrases, and sentencesInclude attributive tagsAvoid summarizing specific examples or dataBe objective
7Response Your opinion of the author’s ideas Do you agree or disagree How well is the essay or article written?
8Structuring Your response Requires your reaction to the text and your interpretation of the textA response of this nature will react to the ideas or the argumentSimply, do you agree with the author?Why or why not?Provide evidence based on your experiences to support your reaction
93 ways to provide evidence to support your response Your response requires that you provide evidence to support your opinion, whether you agree or disagree with the authorConsider what sort of evidence will best support your statements: personal experience, evidence from text, outside sources
101. Personal ExperienceUse personal experience as examples to demonstrate why you interpret the text the way you do, why you react the way you do, why you agree or disagreeI strongly disagree with so and so’s first point based on my own high school experience, especially in my History class.Look at Abramowitz’s essay for examples of her personal experiences.
112. Evidence from the textCite specific phrases or sentences from the text to support your:explanation of the textanalysis of the effectiveness of the textresponse to the text (why you agree or disagree)Look at Abromowitz’s essay for examples of her using evidence from the text
123. Evidence from other texts Acceptable to bring in ideas and information from other textsYour prior knowledgeNo research required for this assignmentCite sources if you do use borrow material from other sourcesLook at Abramowitz’s essay for examples of her using outside texts or sources.
13Introduction Brief introduction that will state these items: Title of the article or essay; Name of author; Place of publicationAny key information you might know about author to help establish author’s credibilityState author’s main ideaThesis: a well thought out statement stating your main point about the article or essay.
14Body Organization: Block Pattern 1I. Introduction with thesisII. Summary of main pointIII. Points You agree withIV. Points you disagree withConclusion
15Body Organization: Point by Point I. Introduction with thesisSummarize point 1; agree or disagreeSummarize point 2; agree or disagreeSummarized point 3; agree or disagreeConclusionNote: you do not need to agree or disagree with all points
16Conclusion End essay with a summary of your response You can add a new perspective about the article, author, or topic
17Important things to remember Make sure to give reasons why you disagreeGive examples, personal experience, facts, any previous experience or knowledge you can draw upon to support your opinionBased on my experience with boys in class in high schoolTry to avoid over using “I agree” and “I disagree”
18The Summary: Discuss the Points that Feagin makes in groups Denying Individual RacismWhite Views on Government Action Against RacismSymbolic and Laissez Faire RacismViews on Affirmative ActionImaging the White SelfFostering and Learning Racist AttitudesRole of ElitesEveryday Racism: Subtle, Covert, and BlatantWho Does the Discriminating?Facing Lifetimes of Racial DiscriminationRacial Discrimination in Public Places
19Denying Individual Racism Slavery ended a long time agoInstitutionalized racism ended after the Civil Rights movementRacism is something that other people are i.e.) grandparents, parents, KKK members
20Symbolic and Laissez Faire Racism Whites have replaced blatant racism with a more subtle formWhites believe blacks are making “illegitimate demands for societal changes” (Feagin 342).Criticized for not acknowledging that blatant racism still existsLaissez FaireWhites have embraced the principle of desegregation but are opposed to government intervention or actual changes that involve living and going to school with black people.Allows whites to feel good about themselves
21Affirmative ActionWhites believe affirmative action is not needed b/c racism is dead.Whites believe that if blacks aren’t successful, it’s b/c they don’t work hard enough.White elites shape views on this issue:For example, media attention of this issue goes up in the years preceding presidential elections
22Imaging the white self Whites see white culture as superior. Whites don’t see financial benefits from slavery and segregation“My family didn’t own slaves.”
23Role of Elites in Fostering Racist Attitudes Without realizing it, many white people harbor negative attitudes towards blacksThese ideas are fostered by an elite few through the media, schools, and even churches
24Everyday Racism White people may not be aware of their racism May grab purse or lock door when a black man walks byWhite employer might hire a white man over an equally qualified black man b/c he feels more comfortable with his own kind
25Who Does the Discriminating? 3 types of racist whitesBlatant-KKKLess subtle formsDon’t directly participate but don’t stop itWhite upper/middle class Americans affect housing and jobsLower classes are more violent
26Facing Lifetimes of Racial Discrimination No way to tell impact of racismLittle researchBlack people don’t want to appear weakBlack people don’t count small examples of racism
27Racial Discrimination in Public Whites assume blacks are going to stealWhites charge more for carsWhite medical professionals less likely to use expensive procedures on black patients
28Respond to major points: Points you agree with(Students will list)123Experiences or knowledge that support your agreement
29Respond to major points: Points you disagree with123Experiences or knowledge that support your agreement