2 Why is diarrhea a concern for parents? Dehydration, poor nutrition, and poor health200,000 hospitalizations per year in U.S.300 deaths per year in U.S.
3 How can I tell if my child has diarrhea? Change in the normal frequency and looseness of the stools (poop)↑ frequency↑ loosenessColor changeBad odorMucusBlood
4 What are some causes of diarrhea in children? GermsFood allergy or food intoleranceMedicationsToo much juice, fruit, or sugarToo much fluidVery low-fat diets
5 How long does diarrhea last? Acute diarrhea1 to several daysChronic diarrheaMore than 2 weeksBoth can be dangerous if fluid loss is largeWe will talk about acute diarrhea
6 Children with diarrhea should drink an oral rehydration solution like Pedialyte Replaces lost water and minerals like sodium and potassium
7 What should I do if my child has acute diarrhea? Immediately give your child PedialyteWatch for signs of dehydrationContact your doctor if your child is dehydratedTalk to your doctor if you have any other question or concernIf your child is not dehydrated, continue to give your child Pedialyte, other fluids, and food
8 1. Immediately give your child Pedialyte to drink Always have a supply of Pedialyte in the homeWhen diarrhea beginsOffer Pedialyte immediatelyFor children < 22 pounds¼ cup to ½ cup (2-4 ounces) per diarrhea stoolFor children > 22 pounds½ cup to 1 cup (4-8 ounces) per diarrhea stool
9 How can we offer Pedialyte to our children? Offer Pedialyte byBottleCupTeaspoonSyringeMedicine dropperFreezer popsSmaller amounts at first usually work bestLarger amounts may increase vomiting
10 2. Watch for signs of dehydration Contact your doctor if your child shows any signs of dehydration.What are some signs of dehydration?
11 Signs of dehydration Increased thirst ↓ urine Weight loss Dry mouth and tongue↓ tears or no tears when cryingSunken eyesSunken soft spot on infant’s headTired, restless, or irritableRapid and deep breathingPinched skin stays folded
12 3. Contact your doctor if your child is dehydrated.
13 4. Talk to your doctor if you have any other question or concern. Young infantBlood in stool (poop)Persistent vomitingFever
14 Offer usual fluids and foods 5. If your child is not dehydrated, continue to give him/her Pedialyte, other fluids, and food.Give PedialyteOffer usual fluids and foodsBreast milk, formula, water, milkUsual foodsAvoid sugary fluids and foodsSoda pop, Kool-Aid, juice, Jello-water, or GatoradePre-sweetened cereals, popsicles, or other sugary foods
15 What is the BRAT diet? Bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast All four foods are okayToo restrictive
16 Summary What do you do if your child has diarrhea? Immediately give your child PedialyteWatch for signs of dehydrationContact your doctor if your child is dehydratedTalk to your doctor if you have any other question or concernIf your child is not dehydrated, continue to give your child Pedialyte, other fluids, and food