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Normative data of the Finnish version of Hypomanic Personality Scale Jouko Miettunen, MPhil, MSc Department of Psychiatry University of Oulu Finland Kuopio,

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Presentation on theme: "Normative data of the Finnish version of Hypomanic Personality Scale Jouko Miettunen, MPhil, MSc Department of Psychiatry University of Oulu Finland Kuopio,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Normative data of the Finnish version of Hypomanic Personality Scale Jouko Miettunen, MPhil, MSc Department of Psychiatry University of Oulu Finland Kuopio, June 17th 2004

2 Hypomania §episodic, speeded state resembling mania, but lacking its intensity or duration Hypomanic personality §Individuals with hypomanic personality are l cheerful, exuberant, optimistic, extraverted, tireless and self-confident §but they are also l irritable, overbearing, reckless and irresponsible §Hypomanic personality is thought to be a risk factor for manic and major depressive episodes

3 Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) §48 items (true/false), for example There are often times when I am so restless that it is impossible for me to sit still. There have often been times when I had such an excess of energy that I felt little need to sleep at night. There are so many fields I could succeed in that it seems a shame to have to pick one. I seem to be a person whose mood goes up and down easily. I can't imagine that anyone would ever write a book about my life. (keyed false) Eckblad & Chapman (1986) Development and validation of a scale for hypomanic personality. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95,

4 Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort §12058 children born in regions of Oulu and Lapland §the 31-year follow-up survey l subjects living in regions of Oulu and Lapland, and in Helsinki area were invited to clinical examination (N=8465) l postal questionnaire including HPS filled in at home (N=5999) l HPS was filled in without missing items by 4661 subjects §Representative sample, most previous samples have included only students

5 Females 30-39y Females 25-29y Males 30-39y Males 25-29y Hypomanic Personality Scale normative studies on adults (1) Rawlings et al U.K. (1)... 0 score Females 31y Males 31y t test, p < Finland (2), (2) Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort mean

6 Education and hypomania N = Educational level 1997 TertiarySecondaryPrimary Hypomanic Personality Scale score

7 Conclusions §Preliminary results in this Finnish data set show low scores on the HPS scale compared to previous studies §There is a comparable finding of low incidence of mania in Finland §Females scored higher in the HPS §People with lower level of education scored higher in the HPS

8 Study group §Department of Psychiatry, University of Oulu (Matti Isohanni, Liisa Kantojärvi, Juha T Karvonen, Kristian Läksy, Jouko Miettunen, Juha Veijola) §Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere (Matti Joukamaa) §National Public Health Institute, Helsinki (Leena Palotie) §Imperial College London, UK & Dept of Public Health, University of Oulu (Marjo-Riitta Järvelin) §UCLA, Los Angeles, USA (Nelson Freimer) §Columbia University, New York, USA (Jesper Ekelund) §University of Bonn, Germany (Dirk Lichtermann)

9 References §Claridge et al. (1996) The factor structure of ‘schizotypal’ traits: A large replication study. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 35, §Eckblad & Chapman (1986) Development and validation of a scale for hypomanic personality. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95, §Meyer & Hautzinger (2003) Screening for bipolar disorders using the Hypomanic Personality Scale. Journal of Affective Disorders, 75, §Rawlings et al. (2000) A factor analytic study of the Hypomanic Personality Scale in British, Spanish and Australian samples. Pers Individ Dif, 28,


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