Presentation on theme: "Maddy & Mathew. What Is Bipolar Disorder? Bipolar is a brain disorder that affects mood, energy, activity levels and day-to- day functions. Bipolar."— Presentation transcript:
What Is Bipolar Disorder? Bipolar is a brain disorder that affects mood, energy, activity levels and day-to- day functions. Bipolar disorder can affect every aspect of a person’s life, as well as other people in their lives.
Mania vs. Depression ManiaDepression There may be a long period of feeling high or overly happy Irritable mood, feeling jumpy or wired Talking fast and having racing ideas Restlessness, little sleep Long period of feeling worried or empty Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed Tired and slow Problems concentrating or remembering Frequent thoughts of death or suicide
Normal Mood Swings or Bipolar? Regular Mood SwingsBipolar Disorder Everyone gets ups and downs You get over it in a few days Doesn’t interfere with daily life Ups and downs last longer Higher highs and lower lows Lose or gain energy during highs and lows Loss of sleep Irritable mood
Diagnosis The first step is to talk to a doctor The doctor may refer you to a psychiatrist They will then do a psychological exam People are more likely to seek help when depressed than manic A psychiatrist will then prescribe treatment Most people don’t show symptoms until their late teens or early twenties
Different Types of Bipolar Bipolar I Disorder is the most drastic type, with extreme highs and extreme lows Bipolar II Disorder is characterized by depressive episodes mixed with hypomania (less intense mania) Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified is when some one has the symptoms, but may not meet diagnostic criteria for the DSM
Treatment Options There is no cure for bipolar disorder as of yet Mood stabilizing medications are usually the first choice of treatment Atypical antipsychotic medications are used to treat other symptoms, in combination with other medications Antidepressant medications are frequently used to help lessen depression
Therapy Options Psychotherapy (“talk” therapy) can be very helpful Electroconvulsive therapy shocks and relaxes the patient Sleep medication is often given The end give us an A