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TYPICAL OR COMMON LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT Stephen R Schafer, EdD 2008 University of Nevada-Reno.

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Presentation on theme: "TYPICAL OR COMMON LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT Stephen R Schafer, EdD 2008 University of Nevada-Reno."— Presentation transcript:

1 TYPICAL OR COMMON LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT Stephen R Schafer, EdD 2008 University of Nevada-Reno

2 Partially Funded By Ag Council of Nevada 4 Hall Lane Yerington, NV This presentation was developed for use as an educational resource and is provided as an educational service. User/purchase fees are not associated with this presentation.

3 Information Development Much effort and time was devoted to: developing accurate/current information incorporating appropriate pictures/graphics providing proper credit of pictures/graphics obtaining copyright/educational permission Any and/or all errors, omissions, etc. are purely unintentional/accidental.

4 Information Sources Colorado State University (4-H Livestock Manuals) National 4-H/4HCCS (Livestock Manuals) University of Kentucky (Agripedia) University of Wyoming (4-H Livestock Manuals) Wikipedia {internet site} (Internet Encyclopedia)

5 TYPICAL OR COMMON LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT Author Dr. Steve Schafer, University of Nevada-Reno Reviewers Mr. Keith Fontenot, Louisiana State University Ms. Tammie Jensen, University of Wyoming Dr. Tim Page, Louisiana State University

6 Animal Clippers Used for Hair Removal Hair Removal for: Showing /Grooming Medical Branding Tattooing Large & Small Clippers Photo: University of Kentucky

7 Animal Clippers: Comb & Cutter Top Picture; Comb Bottom Picture; Cutter Comb; separates hair and limits dirt entrance Cutter; gives clean, even, and smooth cut Both pieces have smooth surfaces to keep sharp Photos: University of Kentucky

8 Sheep Shears/Clippers Used for Wool Wool Removal for: Showing /Grooming Medical Manual Shears/Clippers & Electric Shears/Clippers Photo: University of Kentucky

9 Balling Gun/Tool Used for giving pills Insert pill into end of tube, with plunger pulled out Insert gun/tool into mouth, get it to back of mouth Push plunger, this the deposits pill into throat Photo: University of Kentucky

10 Branding Irons Used for Identification Top Lt…Freeze Branding Top Rt…Paint Branding Bottom…Hot Branding Paint…typically has shorter handle and may be wooden Hot…numbers are narrower, promotes faster heat transfer Freeze…numbers are a metal that quickly transfers cold and are thicker than hot irons Photo: Unknown Source Photos: University of Kentucky

11 Nose Lead Used for Leading Cattle Used for Unruly Cattle Typically used with Bulls Inserted into each nostril Lead rope is attached to chain and gives pressure The more the rope pull, the more the pressure that is exerted on the nose Photo: Unknown Source

12 Burdizzo Used for Castration Typically used on cattle and sheep, is also used by some goat producers Also has been used in tail docking of lambs Works by crushing/cutting tissue and blood vessels Photo: Unknown Source Photo: University of Kentucky

13 Dehorners Used for horn removal Typically used on cattle, but can be used on other animals (sheep/goats) Top…Electric Dehorners Bottom…Scoop or Barnes Dehorners (manual use) Photos: Unknown Sources

14 Drenchers Used to give nutrition and/or medication directly down the throat and into the stomach of the animal Top….Drenching Syringe Bottom….Drenching Gun Photos: Unknown Sources

15 Ear Notchers Can be used with most any animal species, however is typically used with pigs Insert ear into the cutter end and then squeeze handle end together (like a pliers) Removes a “v” shaped section of the ear Photo: Unknown Source Photo: University of Kentucky

16 Ear Tagger Can be used with most any animal species Used to insert identification or medication tag into ear Many types and styles of ear taggers exist, but they all have the basic design Photo: University of Kentucky

17 Elastrator Can be used with most any animal species; especially cattle, sheep, and goats Used for placing some sort of band (rubber or something else that is stretchy) over the tail or scrotum Works by stopping the blood flow to issue, causing it to die and fall off Photo: Unknown Source Photo: University of Kentucky

18 Electric Tail Docker Can be used with most any animal species; especially designed for sheep use It is used for removing part of the tail It works by removing part of the tail and leaves a clean cut that is sealed due to cauterizing when the cut is made due to heat of cutter Photo: Unknown Source Photo: University of Kentucky

19 Hog Snare Some people refer to this as a Hog Holder It is used to catch (“snare”) and control (“hold”) the hog while a task/work is preformed on the animal The cable is inserted into the mouth and over the snout of the pig, the handle is held/pulled by worker, the more the pig pulls back, the tighter it is held Photo: University of Kentucky

20 Hoof Knife Used to remove stones and other items, that is why the end is curved Used to remove damaged or infected hoof material Used to shape and trim hoof Left Photo: Single-Edged Right Photo: Double-Edged Photos: Unknown Sources

21 Hoof Trimmers Used to remove damaged or infected hoof material Used to shape and trim hoof They work like any other scissor-type instrument, simply place the cutting edge in desired location on the hoof and squeeze handles together Photo: Known Source Photo: University of Kentucky

22 Marking Harness Used to “mark” females, when mounted by male Harness is strapped on male, it locates the “marking” block on his chest floor When he mounts a female, the “marking” block leaves a “mark” on her back Photo: University of Kentucky

23 Milk/Milking Nipples Different size nipples for the various species of animals Used to provide milk or milk replacer to newborns or young animals Typically, the nipples are designed for bottle use or for use with a bucket Photos: Unknown Sources

24 Pig Nippers/Pliers Also called “needle teeth” nippers or pliers, sometimes also called “teeth and tail” nippers or pliers Given the name, it is easy to determine they are used in pig production They are used to remove the needle teeth and about 2/3 s of the tail of newborn pigs Photo: University of Kentucky

25 Nipple Waterer Most commonly used in pig production, but also works for other species such as sheep and goats Connect directly to water line Provide continuous source of clean, clear, and cool water Also prevents back-flow, which helps control and prevent the spread of disease Photo: University of Kentucky

26 OB (obstetrics) OB (obstetrics) deals with the pregnancy and birthing Top Photo… OB Chain, this is used to wrapped around leg or some other part of the unborn animal and then work with mother to pull it out Bottom Photo… OB Puller, it has a different design, but the purpose is same as chain Photos: University of Kentucky

27 Prolapse Retainer Probably, this is mostly used in sheep, especially producers producing club lambs It is used by being harnessed or tied to the animal with the paddle positioned so that it is tight against the rear of the animal, making the prolapse less likely to occur and/or retaining an existing prolapse Photo: Unknown Source Photo: University of Kentucky

28 Scalpel & Blades (scalpel blades) Scalpel is the item that holds the blades for cutting, this is also known as Scalpel Handle Blade is the item that actually does the cutting, this is also known as Scalpel Blade and they come in different shapes and different sizes. Some people refer to the whole or assembled item as scalpel, but it is better to be specific Photo: Unknown Source

29 Scotch Comb A very common tool used when grooming cattle It is used to comb and shape the hair of the calf It is used with a combing motion that is combined with a kind of “picking” motion, this is for the clippers to get all the hair and make an even cut Photo: University of Kentucky

30 Sorting Paddle The item in this picture about three feet long and the paddle end (bottom) is about eight inches wide. The paddle contains items that make it rattle (like a baby’s toy), this item is replacing the “hot shot” as a gentler tool to use when sorting animals Photo: Unknown Source

31 Syringes & Needles The needle and syringe are used for giving injections, they come in various sizes Top Photo… Pistol Grip Syringe, it is used for giving multiple injections without having to reload, but it is important to clean needle after each shot Lt Photo… Disposable Syringe, use once and properly discard Rt Photo… Disposable Needle, use once and properly discard Photos: Unknown Sources

32 Tattoo Items Tattooing is one of the forms or types of animal identification The photo shows a pliers-type tattoo, another type of tattooing is called slap tattooing Either process involves making small holes in the skin and filling them in with ink Of course the holes are usually in the shape of numbers and letters or recognized symbol Photo: University of Kentucky

33 Wool Card A very common tool used when grooming/blocking sheep It is used to “comb” and shape the wool of the sheep It is used with a “picking” and lifting or rolling motion, this is for the clippers to get all the wool and make an even cut This motion is also used to give a uniform shape to wool, thus a uniform shape to the sheep Photo: University of Kentucky

34 Identify… Balling Gun/Tool Photo: University of Kentucky

35 Identify… Branding Irons (paint brand) Photo: University of Kentucky

36 Identify… Dehorner (scoop or barnes) Photo: University of Kentucky

37 Identify… Pistol Syringe/Pistol Grip Syringe Photo: University of Kentucky

38 Identify… Animal Clippers Used for Hair Removal Hair Removal for: Showing /Grooming Medical Branding Tattooing Large & Small Sizes

39 Identify… Disposable Hypodermic Needles Photo: Unknown Source

40 Identify… Sheep Shears/Clippers (electric/manual or hand) Photo: University of Kentucky

41 Identify… Hoof Trimmer Photo: Unknown Source

42 Identify… Nose Lead Photo: Unknown Source

43 Identify… Burdizzo Photo: University of Kentucky

44 Identify… Dehorner (electric) Photo: Unknown Source

45 Identify… Animal Clippers Comb Photo: University of Kentucky

46 Identify… Branding Irons Used for Identification There are three types: Paint…typically has shorter handle and may be wooden Hot…numbers are narrower, promotes faster heat transfer Freeze…numbers are a metal that quickly transfers cold and are thicker than the hot type

47 Identify… Hoof Knife (double-sided) Photo: Unknown Source

48 Identify… Wool Card Photo: University of Kentucky

49 Identify… Nose Lead Used for Leading Cattle Used for Unruly Cattle Typically used with Bulls Inserted into each nostril Lead rope is attached to chain and gives pressure

50 Identify… Drenching Gun/Tool Photo: Unknown Source

51 Identify… Ear Notcher Photo: University of Kentucky

52 Identify… OB Chain (chain puller) Photo: University of Kentucky

53 Identify… Sheep Shears/Clippers Used for Wool Removal Wool Removal for: Showing /Grooming Medical Manual or Electric

54 Identify… Branding Irons (freeze brand) Photo: University of Kentucky

55 Identify… Dehorner (scoop or barnes) Photo: Unknown Source

56 Identify… Ear Tagger Photo: University of Kentucky

57 Identify… Animal Clippers (large/small) Photo: University of Kentucky

58 Identify… Burdizzo Used for Castration Typically used on cattle and sheep, is also used by some goat producers Also has been used in tail docking of lambs Works by crushing/cutting tissue and blood vessels

59 Identify… Prolapse Retainer Photo: Unknown Source

60 Identify… Elastrator Photo: University of Kentucky

61 Identify… Electric Tail Docker Photo: Unknown Source

62 Identify… Branding Irons (hot/fire brands) Photo: Unknown Source

63 Identify… Nipple Waterer Photo: University of Kentucky

64 Identify… Drencher Used to give nutrition and/or medication directly down the throat and into the stomach of the animal There are two types: Gun Syringe

65 Identify… Hog Snare/Holder Photo: University of Kentucky

66 Identify… Hoof Knife (single-sided) Photo: Unknown Source

67 Identify… Hoof Trimmer Photo: University of Kentucky

68 Identify… Marking Harness (aka…breeding harness) Photo: University of Kentucky

69 Identify… Sheep Shears (hand shears or blocking shears) Photo: Unknown Source

70 Identify… Milk Nipples Photo: Unknown Source

71 Identify… Elastrator Can be used with most any animal species; especially cattle, sheep, and goats Used for placing some sort of band (rubber or something else that is stretchy/elastic) over the tail or scrotum Works by stopping the blood flow to issue, causing it to die and fall off

72 Identify… Animal Clippers (large) Photo: Unknown Source

73 Identify… Electric Tail Docker Photo: University of Kentucky

74 Identify… Ear Notcher Can be used with most any animal species, however is typically used with pigs Insert ear into the cutter end and then squeeze handle end together (like a pliers) Removes a “v” shaped part or section of the ear

75 Identify… Pig Nippers/Pliers (needle teeth pliers) Photo: University of Kentucky

76 Identify… Hog Snare Some people refer to this as a Hog Holder It is used to catch (“snare”) and control (“hold”) the hog while a task/work is preformed on the animal The cable is inserted into the mouth and over the snout of the pig, the handle is held/pulled by worker, the more the pig pulls back, the tighter it is held

77 Identify… OB Puller (lamb puller) Photo: University of Kentucky

78 Identify… Pistol Syringe/Pistol Grip Syringe Photo: Unknown Source

79 Identify… Prolapse Retainer Photo: University of Kentucky

80 Identify… Marking Harness Used to “mark” females, when mounted by male Harness is strapped on male, it locates the “marking” block on his chest floor When he mounts a female, the “marking” block leaves a “mark” on her back

81 Identify… Scalpel (handle and blades) Photo: Unknown Source

82 Identify… Balling Gun/Tool Used for giving pills Insert pill into end of tube, with plunger pulled out Insert gun/tool into mouth, get it to back of mouth Push plunger, this the deposits pill into throat

83 Identify… Scotch Comb Photo: University of Kentucky

84 Identify… Examine Gloves Photo: Unknown Source

85 Identify… Nipple Waterer Most commonly used in pig production, but also works for other species such as sheep and goats Connect directly to water line Provide continuous source of clean, clear, and cool water Also prevents back-flow, which helps control and prevent the spread of disease

86 Identify… Sorting Paddle (small picture, is about 3’ long) Photo: Unknown Source

87 Identify… Drenching Gun/Tool Photo: Unknown Source

88 Identify… Animal Clippers Cutter Photo: University of Kentucky

89 Identify… Scotch Comb A very common tool used when grooming cattle It is used to comb and shape the hair of the calf It is used with a combing motion that is combined with a kind of “picking” motion, this is for the clippers to get all the hair and make an even cut

90 Identify… Disposable Syringes (various sizes) Photo: University of Kentucky

91 Identify… Tattoo Pliers Photo: University of Kentucky

92 Identify… Wool Card A very common tool used when grooming and/or blocking sheep It is used to “comb” and shape the wool of the sheep It is used with a “picking” and lifting or rolling motion, this is for the clippers to get all the wool and make an even cut This motion is also used to give a uniform shape to wool, thus a uniform shape to the sheep

93 Identify… Sheep Shears (electric) Photo: Unknown Source

94 Identify… Burdizzo

95 Identify… Tattoo Equipment One of the forms or types of animal identification Can be done with a pliers-type or a slap-type Either process involves making small holes in the skin and filling them in with ink Of course the holes are usually in the shape of numbers and letters or recognized symbol

96 Identify… Dehorner (electric) Photo: University of Kentucky

97 Other Items There are many other items that could have been included in this presentation; and maybe some of them should have been included, and maybe some of those that were included should have been excluded. Regardless of your thoughts and opinions concerning the inclusion/exclusion of the various items, it can be agreed that consensus would be difficult to achieve.

98 Other Items Given the thoughts stated on the previous slide, it is recommended that additional items be identified for additional review and study. Conducting an internet search for livestock feeding, livestock equipment, livestock supplies, livestock grooming, veterinary equipment, or related subject areas is an excellent starting point.


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