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A FEW SELECTED BREEDS OF SWINE (PIGS) Stephen R Schafer, EdD 2008 University of Nevada-Reno.

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Presentation on theme: "A FEW SELECTED BREEDS OF SWINE (PIGS) Stephen R Schafer, EdD 2008 University of Nevada-Reno."— Presentation transcript:

1 A FEW SELECTED BREEDS OF SWINE (PIGS) Stephen R Schafer, EdD 2008 University of Nevada-Reno

2 Partially Funded By Ag Council of Nevada 4 Hall Lane Yerington, NV This presentation was developed for use as an educational resource and is provided as an educational service. User/purchase fees are not associated with this presentation.

3 Information Development Much effort and time was devoted to: developing accurate/current information incorporating appropriate pictures/graphics providing proper credit of pictures/graphics obtaining copyright/educational permission Any and/or all errors, omissions, etc. are purely unintentional/accidental.

4 Information Sources Auburn University (Swine Identification) Cyberspaceag {internet site} (Types of Swine) Minnesota Pork Board (Swine Breeds) National 4-H/4HCCS (4-H Swine Manuals) Ohio State University (Swine Resource Handbook) Oklahoma State University (Swine Breed Ident) The National Swine Registry (Breed Ident) Thepigsite {internet site} (Breeds of Swine) University of Kentucky (Agripedia) University of Wyoming (4-H Swine Manuals) Wikipedia {internet site} (Internet Encyclopedia)

5 TYPICAL OR COMMON BREEDS OF SWINE (PIGS) Author Dr. Steve Schafer, University of Nevada-Reno Reviewers Mr. Milt Green, University of Wyoming Mr. Keith Fontenot, Louisiana State University Dr. Tim Page, Louisiana State University

6 Berkshire Originated in England Black in Color Six White Points…snout, tail, & four legs Ears are Erect Excellent Carcass Quality Photo: Unknown Source

7 Chester White Originated in Pennsylvania (Chester County), USA White (all white) in Color Ears are Drooping Has acquired the nickname of “the white duroc” Good Carcass Quality Photo: National Swine Registry

8 Duroc Originated in the USA from three different locations; Iowa, New York, & New Jersey Yellowish to Red in Color No Markings, Solid Color Ears are Drooping Good Carcass Quality Photo: National Swine Registry

9 Hampshire Originated in England Black in Color Distinctive White Belt, around/over shoulders Ears are Erect A Larger Breed of Swine Excellent Carcass Quality Photo: National Swine Registry

10 Hereford Originated in La Plata, Missouri (USA) Red & White in Color The face & at least two feet must be white Swirls not Registrable Ears are Drooping Prolific & Good Mothers Photo: Unknown Source

11 Landrace Originated in Denmark White (all white) in Color Ears are Large & Drooping Very Long Bodied, some even have an extra pair or set of ribs Very Prolific Sows Excellent Milkers Photo: National Swine Registry

12 Pietrain Originated in the village of Pietrain, Belgium White with Black Spots Spots have rings of light pigmentation Medium Sized Breed Shorter Legged, Erect Ears Large & Bulging Hams Photo: Oklahoma State University

13 Poland China Originated in the USA Black in Color Six White Points…snout, tail, & four legs Ears are Drooping Excellent Rate of Gain Sound Feet & Legs Photo: Unknown Source

14 Red Wattle Originated in New Caledonia Red in Color Possess pair of Wattles A slightly smaller breed Ears are Erect Very Lean Carcasses Gentle & Good Natured Photo: Cecil Edgar/Oklahoma State University

15 Spot Originated from the Poland China Breed of Swine, so it originated in the USA Black & White in Color Ears are Drooping Excellent Rate of Gain Excellent Feed Efficiency Productive, Gentle, Durable Photo: National Swine Registry

16 Tamworth Originated in England Red in Color Ears are Erect Very Deep-Sided Pig, due to being bacon-type pig Longer Legged/Necked and more narrow, again due to being bacon-type pig Photo: Unknown Source

17 Yorkshire Originated in England White (all white) in Color Ears are Erect Good Carcass Quality Prolific Excellent Milkers Has become known as “The Mother Breed” Photo: Unknown Source

18 Identify… Berkshire Photo: National Swine Registry

19 Identify… Chester White Photo: Unknown Source

20 Identify… Pietrain Photo: Oklahoma State University

21 Identify… Hereford Photo: Unknown Source

22 Identify… Duroc Photo: National Swine Registry

23 Identify… Hampshire Originated in England Black in Color Distinctive White Belt Ears are Erect A Larger Breed of Swine Excellent Carcass Quality

24 Identify… Poland China Photo: Unknown Source

25 Identify… Landrace Photo: National Swine Registry

26 Identify… Red Wattle Photo: Cecil Edgar/Oklahoma State University

27 Identify… Spot Originated from the Poland China Breed of Swine, so it originated in the USA Black & White in Color Ears are Drooping Excellent Rate of Gain Excellent Feed Efficiency Productive, Gentle, Durable

28 Identify… Hereford Originated in USA Red & White in Color The face & at least two feet must be white Swirls not Registrable Ears are Drooping Prolific Good Mothers

29 Identify… Tamworth Photo: Unknown Source

30 Identify… Chester White Originated in Pennsylvania (Chester County), USA White (all white) in Color Ears are Drooping Has acquired the nickname of “the white duroc” Good Carcass Quality

31 Identify… Hampshire Photo: Unknown Source

32 Identify… Duroc Photo: National Swine Registry

33 Identify… Yorkshire Photo: Unknown Source

34 Identify… Berkshire

35 Identify… Red Wattle Photo: Cecil Edgar/Oklahoma State University

36 Identify… Landrace Originated in Denmark White (all white) in Color Ears are Large & Drooping Very Long Bodied, some even have an extra pair or set of ribs Very Prolific Sows Excellent Milkers

37 Identify… Poland China Originated in the USA Black in Color Six White Points…snout, tail, & four legs Ears are Drooping Excellent Rate of Gain Sound Feet & Legs

38 Identify… Tamworth Photo: Michael VonLuttwitz

39 Identify… Hereford Photo: Unknown Source

40 Identify… Spot Photo: National Swine Registry

41 Identify… Red Wattle Originated in New Caledonia Red in Color Must possess pair of Wattles A slightly smaller breed Ears are Erect Very Lean Carcasses Gentle & Good Natured

42 Identify… Hampshire Photo: Unknown Source

43 Identify… Chester White Photo: National Swine Registry

44 Identify… Pietrain Photo: Oklahoma State University

45 Identify… Berkshire Originated in England Black in Color Six White Points…snout, tail, & four legs Ears are Erect Excellent Carcass Quality

46 Identify… Poland China Photo: Unknown Source

47 Identify… Yorkshire

48 Identify… Landrace

49 Identify… Duroc

50 Identify… Hampshire Photo: National Swine Registry

51 Identify… Spot Photo: Unknown Source

52 Identify… Tamworth Originated in England Red in Color, with Erect Ears A Very Deep-Sided Pig, due to being a bacon-type pig Longer Legged/Necked and more narrow, again due to being a bacon-type pig

53 Identify… Red Wattle Photo: Cecil Edgar/Oklahoma State University

54 Identify… Yorkshire Photo: Unknown Source

55 Identify… Poland China Photo: National Swine Registry

56 Identify… Berkshire Photo: Unknown Source

57 Identify… Pietrain Originated in Belgium White with Black Spots Spots, with Pigment Rings Medium Sized Breed Shorter Legged, Erect Ears Large & Bulging Hams

58 Identify… Duroc Originated in the USA from three different locations; Yellowish to Red in Color No Markings, Solid Color Ears are Drooping Good Carcass Quality

59 Identify… Spot Photo: Unknown Source

60 Identify… Chester White Photo: Unknown Source

61 Identify… Hereford

62 Identify… Yorkshire Originated in England White (all white) in Color Ears are Erect Good Carcass Quality Prolific & Excellent Milkers “The Mother Breed”

63 Identify… Tamworth Photo: Unknown Source

64 Identify… Pietrain Photo: Oklahoma State University

65 Identify… Landrace Photo: Unknown Source

66 Other Breeds There are many other breeds that could have been included in this presentation; and maybe some of them should have been included, and maybe some of those that were included should have been excluded. Regardless of your thoughts and opinions concerning the inclusion/exclusion of the various breeds, it can be agreed that it would be very difficult to reach agreement.

67 Other Breeds Given the thoughts stated in the previous slide, the following breeds are listed as breeds for additional review and study. WelshOxford PotbellyMeishan LacombeFengjing Large WhiteSwabian-Hall Conducting an internet search for swine breeds is an excellent starting point.


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