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Key Exam Question Focus – Section 3 Assess the reasons for the succession crisis in 1066. Warm Up Look at the outstanding drawings. They represent what.

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Presentation on theme: "Key Exam Question Focus – Section 3 Assess the reasons for the succession crisis in 1066. Warm Up Look at the outstanding drawings. They represent what."— Presentation transcript:

1 Key Exam Question Focus – Section 3 Assess the reasons for the succession crisis in Warm Up Look at the outstanding drawings. They represent what is possibly the most significant event in understanding the succession crisis. What do you think happened? New thing – deciding the disco Friday genre. If you are to do this, you must tweet or Edmodo a suggestion of a song and how it fits in with our topic. If there is more than one entry, I’ll choose my favourite. Current song – Under Pressure by Queen and David Bowie. This represents the topic today because Harold was undoubtedly put under huge pressure whilst in Normandy. The lyrics state ‘It’s the terror of knowing what this world is about, watching some good friends screaming ‘Let me out!’ – this may refer to Wulfnoth and Hacon, in addition to Harold’s realisation that obtaining the crown was going difficult due to his discovery of William’s determination to be king.

2 Key Exam Question Focus – Section 3 Assess the reasons for the succession crisis in Warm Up 2 What do you know about Hardrada’s claim? What do you know about Edgar’s claim?

3 Objectives 1)All of you will be able to describe the events of )All/Most of you will be able to assess and explain the significance of the events of )All/Most/Some of you will be able to consider the consequences Key Exam Question Focus – Section 3 Assess the reasons for the succession crisis in 1066.

4 Learning About Harold’s Trip In )Video on website from 13mins onwards Key Exam Question Focus – Section 3 Assess the reasons for the succession crisis in Note – the vast majority of what we know about this incident comes from Norman sources, therefore, whilst it is not entirely made up (some other foreign sources confirm things for us) it is likely exaggerated and some occurrences may have been invented.

5 Learning About Harold’s Trip In )Try to make sense of the trip in Put it into some sort of order, or into groupings. Do this in whatever way you wish in small groups. 2)Next, as a class, put yourselves into order of significance in terms of which pieces of information and most important for us to understand the succession crisis of Key Exam Question Focus – Section 3 Assess the reasons for the succession crisis in 1066.

6 Learning About Harold’s Trip In 1064 – The Facts 1)Harold was wrecked at Ponthieu 2)William took Harold from Count Guy 3)Harold fought alongside William, the Bayuex Tapestry (unquestionably Norman) highlights Harold’s bravery and ability. 4)Harold took some sort of oath ‘concerning the crown’ and was probably knighted. 5)William let Harold leave with his nephew Hacon but kept Wulfnoth. These were hostages handed to William during the 1051/52 crisis. Key Exam Question Focus – Section 3 Assess the reasons for the succession crisis in 1066.

7 Plenary – Wear the crown/hat Imagine you are William or Harold, the date is 6 th January 1066, the day after Edward’s death and the day that Harold became king of England. Somebody asks you “So if you/Harold is/are king of England? What actually happened in 1064?” Key Exam Question Focus – Section 3 Assess the reasons for the succession crisis in 1066.

8 William of Poitiers states that Harold was sent by Edward, who knew he was dying, to confirm William as his heir. Harold was blown of course as he sailed for Normandy and ended up mistakenly landing in Ponthieu, where Count Guy took him prisoner. William persuaded Guy to part with Harold and took Harold to Normandy where he treated Harold well. William took Harold and the men with him on a campaign against the count of Brittany and Harold fought well, impressing the Normans. William rewarded Harold for his service in Brittany by knighting him. This would suggest Harold to be beneath William. The Bayeux tapestry states ‘William presenting arms to Harold’ and shows an image that looks like a knighting ceremony. The Bayeux tapestry shows Harold swearing an oath whilst touching religious relics, a very serious oath indeed. The tapestry states ‘where Harold took an oath to Duke William concerning the crown’’. A monk, Eadmer, writing in 1112, write that Harold went to Normandy against the wishes and advice of Edward, in order to secure the release of the hostages Wulfnoth (younger brother) and Hacon (nephew). The monk, Eadmer, suggests that Harold bowed to force majeure (A superior power that he couldn’t resist i.e. he had no choice). The monk, Eadmer, said that William made Harold promise to surrender Dover castle to him (part of Harold’s earldom) and to help him become king, and that if he agreed to take an oath on this then he would release Hacon immediately and Wulfnoth when he became king. Barlow ‘There is no way that Harold could have escaped, except by agreeing to William’s demands.’ ‘…all agree that, whether Harold’s real destination was Normandy or somewhere else, he was wrecked on the coast of Ponthieu.’ 1066 by Frank McLynn.

9 Being Willy/Harold… (Harold) 1064 was a disaster for me, one that William took full advantage of…… (William) I cannot believe that the oath-breaker Harold has the cheek and audacity to wear the English crown after all I did for him in 1064……

10 The monk, Eadmer, said that William made Harold promise to surrender Dover castle to him (part of Harold’s earldom) and to help him become king, and that if he agreed to take an oath on this then he would release Hacon immediately and Wulfnoth when he became king.

11 William took Harold and the men with him on a campaign against the count of Brittany and Harold fought well, impressing the Normans. A monk, Eadmer, writing in 1112, write that Harold went to Normandy against the wishes and advice of Edward, in order to secure the release of the hostages Wulfnoth (younger brother) and Hacon (nephew).

12 William of Poitiers states that Harold was sent by Edward, who knew he was dying, to confirm William as his heir. Barlow ‘There is no way that Harold could have escaped, except by agreeing to William’s demands.’

13 Harold was blown of course as he sailed for Normandy and ended up mistakenly landing in Ponthieu, where Count Guy took him prisoner. William rewarded Harold for his service in Brittany by knighting him. This would suggest Harold to be beneath William. The Bayeux tapestry states ‘William presenting arms to Harold’ and shows an image that looks like a knighting ceremony.

14 William persuaded Guy to part with Harold and took Harold to Normandy where he treated Harold well. The Bayeux tapestry shows Harold swearing an oath whilst touching religious relics, a very serious oath indeed. The tapestry states ‘where Harold took an oath to Duke William concerning the crown’’.

15 ‘…all agree that, whether Harold’s real destination was Normandy or somewhere else, he was wrecked on the coast of Ponthieu.’ 1066 by Frank McLynn. The monk, Eadmer, suggests that Harold bowed to force majeure (A superior power that he couldn’t resist i.e. he had no choice).


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