2 Who was Edward the Confessor and when did he die? Edward the Confessor was the King of England and was one of King Cnut’s sons. He died in January 1066 and had no heirs to the throne.
3 Who did become King in 1066 and how did this happen? William of Normandy was crowned King in 1066 after he won the fight at the Battle of Hastings, defeating Harold Godwineson, Harald Hardrada and Tostig.
4 Why was 1066 such an important year? 1066 was an important year because at the start of the year, it was ruled by Edward the Confessor, and at the end Edward of Normandy was King, after defeating Harold at the Battle of Hastings. Having three Kings in one year, plus having a legendary battle in October,means that its pretty hard to forget!
5 No. 6The place where the Normans landed on the English coast: Pevensey in southern England.A group of advisors to the King – they chose Harold: GodwinesonAn omen of bad things to come, seen in the night sky just after Harold was crowned: Haley’s CometThe half brother of William who had a historical embroidery made: Odo of BayeuxThe archbishop who crowned Harold Godwineson: Archbishop of YorkBattle between Harold and Harald: The Battle at Stamford BridgeThe sister of Harold and wife to Edward: EdithActual place of the final battle between Harold and William: In a field near HastingsCathedral built by Edward: Westminster Cathedral
6 Why these men thought they should be king Why Edgar the Atheling thought he should be king:Edgar thought he should be King because he was Edward The Confessor’s nephew. Although he was only thirteen or fourteen years old, he thought he would be a great king and was the only blood related man in the running.Why Tostig thought he should be king:Tostig thought he should be King as he was simply Harold Godwineson’s brother and was jealous of his brother’s position in the running to the throne.Why Harald Hardradar thought he should be king:Harald Hardradar thought he should be King as he was a direct descendent King Cnut (who was a Viking king). Harald, who was already King of Normandy thought that the Viking’s should retake the throne again.
7 Why these men thought they should be king Why Harold Godwineson thought he should be king:Harold Godwineson thought he should be King because he was Edward’s brother-in-law. Already Earl of Wessex, Harold thought he’d also make a good King because he has already fought against Edward’s army in 1051 for control of England.Why William thought he should be king:William thought he should be King because he believed Edward had already promised him the throne as he helped put down a rebellion in 1051.
8 Where were the two famous battles of 1066? The first famous battle in 1066 was, the battle of Hastings. The battle of Hastings was held near Hastings, it was a battle between William and Harold. William fought Harold for the throne, just 7 miles from Hastings in Senlac hill. Unfortunately Harold didn’t win the battle as his army wasn’t nearly as strong as William’s. William’s army had a huge advantage because: his soldiers were already trained, some were on horse backs and they had better armour. Harold’s army was mainly built up on untrained farmers from the country.
9 Where were the two famous battles of 1066? The second famous battle in 1066 was, the battle of Stamford Bridge. The battle of Stamford bridge was held on the Stamford Bridge, it was when two armies met at the bridge, the Viking's and Harald’s army. Harold’s army put up a great victory and won the Battle.
10 This is the Royal Palace of Westminster Edward Rex means King Edward. So this obviously means he was alive at this time.These are the horses riding to Bosham, In Sussex, for Harold's family estate.This is the Royal Palace of WestminsterThis is King Edward talking to his brother in law, Harold who is Earl of WessexThese are the hunting dogs, leading the horses.These are the animals in the courtyard.
11 1. Edward and HaroldThis Bayeux Tapestry scene, Edward and Harold, shows a moment where King Edward was having a conversation with his brother in law, Harold Godwineson. No one actually knows for sure what the two were talking about but two years later, after King Edward died, Harold had said that King Edward was at that moment, promising him the throne after his death. After King Edward and Harold Godwineson’s conversation, Harold set out for Bosham, Sussex. On Harold’s journey back there were horses and hunting dogs leading them. Harold was travelling To Bosham as this was his family estate.The scene takes place in the Royal palace of Westminster, in 1064.