HMMMMMMMMM….. Where is the Executive Branch found in the Constitution? What are the major roles of the president? What are the qualifications to become president? How many years can one serve? Describe the process that is used to elect a president.
How do we view our President? What do we want from him? What is our strongest motivator in forming opinions about presidents? What must they promise to win? Can presidents deliver all they promise? What determines the success of a president?
Short History of the Executive Office… Founding Fathers wanted 1 of 2 executives: – a multi-executive branch where everybody checked everybody or…. – one executive doing multiple tasks with significant power Compromise: – One executive with some power Can be checked by other branches
HIS HIGHNESS? In 1789 – VP John Adams suggested that the newly elected president be addressed as – “His Highness, the President of the United States and Protector of their Liberties”. – After lengthy debate the Senate settled on the “President”.
1 st POTUS GEORGE WASHINGTON Military commander of the Revolutionary Army First President – Served from 1789-1796 Refused third term – Walked away from office to retire to Mount Vernon
CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY of Executive Office Article II, Sections 1-4 – Section 1 Establishes offices for President Vice President Elected by the Electoral College – 4 year terms – Qualifications – Succession – Salary and Oath. » What is the oath of office?
Oath of Office “I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of the President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”
CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY of Executive Office Section 2 – POTUS is the Commander and Chief of the military » Commands all military personnel – Heads Cabinet – Awards Reprieves and Pardons – Negotiates treaties and confers federal appointments.
CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY of Executive Office Section 3 – Presents the State of the Union » Sets forth the programs POTUS wants to introduce in the next year. – Can call Congress into service in emergencies
CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY of Executive Office Section 4 – Allows for POTUS to be Impeached – Andrew Johnson – Bill Clinton – Neither forced to resign – can be charged with » Treason » Bribery » Other high crimes and misdemeanors.
ROLES of POTUS Commander in Chief – Leader of the armed services Chief Legislator – Recommends and acts on legislation Chief Diplomat – Signs treaties, executive agreements Chief Administrator – Leader of the bureaucracy, implements policy, appointments, reprieves/pardons Head (Chief) of State – Represents our country overseas – Head of diplomacy Art of conducting negotiations with foreign countries. Head of his/her political party