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American Government and Politics Today Chapter 11 The President.

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Presentation on theme: "American Government and Politics Today Chapter 11 The President."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Government and Politics Today Chapter 11 The President

2 Who Can Become President? –Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution sets forth the qualifications to be president –The two major limitations are age (a minimum of 35) and natural-born citizenship (thus eliminating naturalized citizens)

3 The Process of Becoming President –Nomination by one of the two major parties –Majority of the votes cast in the Electoral College The electors are decided in most states on a winner- take-all system The electors are decided in most states on a winner- take-all system Thus, it is possible for a candidate to lose the popular vote but still win an election, as was the case in 2000 Thus, it is possible for a candidate to lose the popular vote but still win an election, as was the case in 2000 –If no candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes, the House will elect the president by voting state by state for a candidate

4 The Many Roles of the President –Head of State –Chief Executive The powers of appointment and removal The powers of appointment and removal The powers to grant reprieves and pardons The powers to grant reprieves and pardons

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6 The Many Roles of the President (continued) –Commander-in-Chief Wartime powers Wartime powers The War Powers Resolution The War Powers Resolution –Chief Diplomat Diplomatic recognition Diplomatic recognition Proposal and ratification of treaties Proposal and ratification of treaties Executive agreements Executive agreements

7 The Many Roles of the President (continued) –Chief Legislator Getting legislation passed Getting legislation passed Saying no to legislation Saying no to legislation The line-item veto The line-item veto Power of Congress to override presidential vetoes Power of Congress to override presidential vetoes –Other presidential powers Statutory powers: those that Congress has bestowed on the president by statute Statutory powers: those that Congress has bestowed on the president by statute Inherent powers: those that the head of government needs to fulfill assigned duties, as prescribed vaguely in the Constitution Inherent powers: those that the head of government needs to fulfill assigned duties, as prescribed vaguely in the Constitution

8 The President as Party Chief and Superpolitician –The president as Chief of Party –The presidents power to persuade –Constituencies and public approval Presidential constituencies Presidential constituencies Public approval Public approval George W. Bush and the public opinion polls George W. Bush and the public opinion polls Going public Going public

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10 The Special Uses of Presidential Power –Emergency powers –Executive orders To implement and give administrative effect to Constitutional provisions, treaties, and statutes To implement and give administrative effect to Constitutional provisions, treaties, and statutes Printed, along with rules and regulations, by the Federal Register Printed, along with rules and regulations, by the Federal Register –Executive privilege Limiting executive privilege - United States v. Nixon Limiting executive privilege - United States v. Nixon Clintons attempted use of executive privilege Clintons attempted use of executive privilege

11 Abuses of Executive Power and Impeachment –Article I, Section 2, gives the House the sole power of impeachment If a majority of House members vote to impeach an officer of the United States, the Senate will conduct a trial If a majority of House members vote to impeach an officer of the United States, the Senate will conduct a trial If two-thirds of the Senators vote for conviction, the officer is removed from office If two-thirds of the Senators vote for conviction, the officer is removed from office –Two presidents have been impeached –Neither were convicted

12 The Executive Organization –The Cabinet Members of the cabinet (and the kitchen cabinet) Members of the cabinet (and the kitchen cabinet) Presidential use of cabinets Presidential use of cabinets –The executive office of the president The White House office The White House office The Office of Management and Budget The Office of Management and Budget The National Security Council The National Security Council

13 The Vice Presidency –The vice presidents job Strengthening the ticket Strengthening the ticket Supporting the president Supporting the president –Presidential succession –The Twenty-fifth Amendment –When the vice presidency becomes vacant

14 Line of Succession to the Presidency of the United States

15 Questions for Critical Thinking How has the presidency evolved from the time of George Washington to the time of George W. Bush? How has the presidency evolved from the time of George Washington to the time of George W. Bush? Who develops policy within the executive branch? Who develops policy within the executive branch?

16 Questions for Critical Thinking What has happened to the power of the presidency in this century? How did the New Deal impact the presidency? How has the role of government changed with the role of the president? What has happened to the power of the presidency in this century? How did the New Deal impact the presidency? How has the role of government changed with the role of the president? How has Congress tried to protect the balance of power? How has Congress tried to protect the balance of power?


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