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ICT STANDARDIZATION IN THE PACIFIC PAPUA NEW GUINEA CASE Felix Rupokei, National ICT Authority, Papua New Guinea ITU Regional Standardization Forum for.

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Presentation on theme: "ICT STANDARDIZATION IN THE PACIFIC PAPUA NEW GUINEA CASE Felix Rupokei, National ICT Authority, Papua New Guinea ITU Regional Standardization Forum for."— Presentation transcript:

1 ICT STANDARDIZATION IN THE PACIFIC PAPUA NEW GUINEA CASE Felix Rupokei, National ICT Authority, Papua New Guinea ITU Regional Standardization Forum for Asia-Pacific Region (Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August 2014)

2 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August Presentation Outline Background PNG Setting ICT Industry in PNG Standardization Bodies NICTA Institutional Arrangement Standardization Development Ladder Standardization Challenges Current Status International Assistance Way Forward Conclusion

3 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August PNG Setting  Land Mass sq km  Population - 7 million  Languages -English, Pidgin & 800 local  Geography - Rugged terrain with high mountain ranges and very steep and deep valleys and over 600 associated islands.  Economy – Agriculture & cash crops (cocoa, coffee, copra, palm oil), forestry, fisheries and mining (Gold, copper, oil,, Gas and Nickel)  Land Mass sq km  Population - 7 million  Languages -English, Pidgin & 800 local  Geography - Rugged terrain with high mountain ranges and very steep and deep valleys and over 600 associated islands.  Economy – Agriculture & cash crops (cocoa, coffee, copra, palm oil), forestry, fisheries and mining (Gold, copper, oil,, Gas and Nickel)

4 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August ICT Industry in PNG Mobile ISP TV BC 3ABN Kundu TV RADIO MMDS CATV Unlicensed VSATs Fixed (x1) (x3) (x36) (x3)

5 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August Standardization Bodies  Government Agency responsible for spear heading standardization and quality assurance related activities in PNG  Its functions cover technical standards, metrology, conformity assessment schemes, productivity and technical barriers to trade in Papua New Guinea  Member of ISO National Information and Communications Technology Authority  Converged ICT Regulator. In charge to regulate, radio, Telecom, Broadcasting etc.

6 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August National ICT Authority -NICTA Government regulatory body established by an Act of Parliament to regulate ICT industry in PNG. Main agency that oversees ICT Standards in PNG. Conducts type approval of ICT equipment MINISTER BOARD CEO CDS ERP ECIA LE Government Ministry of ICT Department NICTA Board NICTA Chief Executive Officer Organizational Departments

7 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August Legislation The main legislation that provides powers, functions, obligations and responsibilities of NICTA is the : National ICT Act, 2009  National ICT (Operator Regulation) 2010, and  National ICT (Radio Spectrum Regulation),2010. Objectives Regulatory Principles To ensure that the ICT industry contributes to the greatest extent possible to the long-term economic and social development of PNG, taking account of the constitutional National Goals and Directive Principles Regulate ICT in a manner that recognises; Effectiveness of market forces to promote consumer welfare That regulatory measures be: proportional, principled, technology neutral, transparent; timely,and non-discriminatory Regulate ICT in a manner that recognises; Effectiveness of market forces to promote consumer welfare That regulatory measures be: proportional, principled, technology neutral, transparent; timely,and non-discriminatory

8 Standardization in Developing Countries ITU categorized developing countries into four national categories of standards readiness. *ITU-T Research project: Measuring and Reducing the Standards Gap: December 2009*. Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August

9 National Standards Capability Scale Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August ITU categorize developing countries into four levels; Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Advanced Standards Capability Basic Standards Capability Intermediate Standards Capability Low Standards Capability PNG is at Level 1 Figure: ITU-T Research project: Measuring and Reducing the Standards Gap. December 2009

10 PNG ICT Standardization Challenges Government Within Organization Industry International Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August

11 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August Lack of policy that encourage national standards formulation and capacity building Lack of Collaboration between ministry, industry, academia, etc Lack of funding for testing equipment Low Priority to ICT Standardization activities ICT Standardization Challenges-Government Lack of government understanding about the critical role of standards in promoting national economic competitiveness and innovation

12 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August Staff consistency Staff deficiency Human Resource Interpreting ITU-T and ITU-R recommendations in Standard making Process Identification of suitable international standards applicable to PNG Keep up to date with technological changes Lack of expertise in Standardization No clear standardization framework Guideline/Framework Nicta priority in economic regulation and administration aspect Regulatory-Priority ICT Standardization Challenges-NICTA

13 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August Low feedback/comments to draft standards documents Lack of compliance to technical standards Limited knowledge in ICT Standardization and ITU recommendations Lack of Industry Participation ICT Standardization Challenges-ICT Industries

14 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August Involvement in International Standard Development Process Identification of international standards applicable to PNG Keep up date with technological Changes ICT Standardization Challenges-International

15 Current Status

16 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August PNG - ICT Standardization Development Ladder Growing usage of ITU Recommendation National training and capacity-building in use of ITU-Recommendation ITU Sector or Associate Membership Going to Study Groups and Related Meetings Attracting ITU meetings and/or regional groups Giving contribution at study Groups and related meetings Nominating representatives as study groups chairs, rapp etc Entering proposals at WTSA Is it necessary to cover all rungs for the case of Level 1 (ICT product end users) countries like PNG? Which rung is more relevant to the PNG case (level 1 countries) for more participation Learning by doing Engaging with ITU standardization development by getting more involved Factors determining standardizations levels Economic development Local manufacturing capability Local R&D capability

17 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August International Assistance - Korea Gain insight into the standardization process for Korea Process for standard roadmap and/or research project for standards Study Visit to TTA-Korea-November 2013

18 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August Way Forward Develop Standardization Policy with clear goals Effective participation in APT/ITU standardization activities. National Training and capacity building in use of ITU recommendations Need to strengthen domestic standards institutions Need for wider industry participation in standardization Sufficient Staffing Build domestic alliance & Partnership Identify issues and/or potential agenda in advance

19 Conclusion Standardization is important for PNG and it need urgent attention to the issues. Strengthened domestic institutions; Promote use of TIES to access ITU Recommendations ; Active participation in APT activities; Bring issues to APT preparatory meetings; 19 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August 2014

20 20 END THANK YOU

21 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August

22 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August

23 Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August

24 Need Establish ICT standardization capacity building program Establish public-private partnerships for ICT standardization activities at the national level. How to attract private sector and academia involvement in standardization activities Develop human resource to undertake standardization work. Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August Guideline for setting up national standards Participation in global standardization Provision of training on development of ICT standards Sponsor experts to participate in international standardization activities


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