2“Education is the key to the long-term problems of the country “Education is the key to the long-term problems of the country. If we fix basic education, we fix the long-term problems of the country. And if we fix the country’s problems, we will build a truly strong society. . .”-Pres. Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III
310-Point Basic Education Agenda 12-Year Basic Education CycleUniversal KindergartenMadaris EducationTechnical-Vocational EducationEvery Child a Reader by Grade OneScience and Math ProficiencyGASTPE (Gov. Assistance to Student and Teachers to Private Education)Medium of InstructionQuality TextbooksCovenant with LGUs10-Point Basic Education Agenda
4The Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10-year pre- university program.
5The majority who do not go to college are too young to enter the labor force. Thus, they would either be unemployed or be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices.Those who may be interested to set up businesses cannot legally enter into contracts.Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation. . .
6The few, (only 23%) who would proceed to tertiary education, usually have to undergo remedial and high school level classes in colleges and universities.Those who graduate (17%) may not be recognized as professionals abroad.Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation. . .
7The Washington Accord prescribes 12 years of basic education as an entry to recognition of engineering professionals.The Bologna Accord requires 12 years of education for university admission and practice of profession in European countries.Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation. . .
8“We need to add two years to our basic education “We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.”-Pres. Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III
9Senior High School Junior High School Elementary Kindergarten 2 yearsSenior High School4 yearsJunior High School6 yearsElementary1 yearKindergartenK System
10Enhancement of the basic education curriculum is the central focus of K to 12. The enhanced curriculum will offer areas of specialization or electives such as science and technology, arts, sports, journalism, tech-voc, foreign language, entreperneurship, and subjects for advanced placement.Key Features of K to 12
11New Features of the K-12 Basic Education Curriculum Vertical continuum and horizontal articulation of competenciesMother Tongue as a learning area and medium of instructionSpiral progression in Science and MathMAPEH (Music, Arts, Physical Education, and Health) begins in Grade 1New Features of the K-12 Basic Education Curriculum
12Learning Areas for Grades 1 to 1o Grade LevelsMother TongueEnglish (2nd sem)-6FilipinoMathematicsAraling Panlipunan 1-6Edukasyon saPagpapakatao 1-6ScienceMAPEHEPPTLE
13SAMPLE CLASS PROGRAMMING Grade 1 TimeLearning AreasNumber of Minutes7:00-7:157:15-7:25Pambansang AwitHomeroom7:25-7:55Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao307:55-8:45Mother Tongue508:45-9:15Filipino9:15-9:35RECESS9:35-10:15Araling Panlipunan4010:15-10:45English (Oral Fluency)2nd Semester10:45-11:35Mathematics1:00-1:30Remediation, Reinforcement, Enrichment Activities or Optional Religious Instruction1:30-2:10MAPEHTOTAL240/270
14Time Allotment 270 NOMENCLATURE/LEARNING AREA Grades 1 to 6 (No. of Minutes Daily)Grades 7 to 10 (Weekly)G 1G 2G 3G 4G 5G 61st Sem.2nd Sem.Language ArtsMother Tongue50-Filipino304 hrsEnglishScienceMathematicsAraling Panlipunan403 hrsEPP/TLEMAPEHEsP2 hrsTotal24027031036029 hrs
15Core Curriculum and Career Paths Grades 7-12Core Curriculum and Career Paths
16Filipino learners, in order to be globally competitive, need to develop 21st century core skills( digital age literacy, inventive thinking, effective communication, and high productivity) and be functionally literate.Aside from the development of 21st century core skills, the extended high school program should be packaged for the preparation of students for career and higher education. This is because secondary education is designed primarily to provide the transition from school to work and from school to further learning.Premises
17The curriculum shall be designed to provide a blended career and college preparatory program. Putting the two on the same level and blending them will enhance the seamless relationship between career and higher education and give them equal social and economic value.Premises
18MODEL 2 Junior/Senior HS Curriculum Academic Specialization: Engineering/ Journalism/Foreign Language11-12GradesCore Academic Areas (5)Grade10Core Academic Areas(8) include TLE (choice of Agri-Fishery, Industrial Arts, HE or ICT)9Core Academic Areas (8) include TLE (choice of Agri-Fishery, Industrial Arts, HE or ICT)87Tech-Voc SpecializationSports/Arts SpecializationMODEL 2Junior/Senior HS Curriculum
19Implementation of Junior HS SYGrade 10SYGrade 9SYGrade 8SYGrade 7Implementation of Junior HS
20Implementation of Senior HS SYGrade 12SYGrade 11Implementation of Senior HS
21Learning Areas for Grades 11 and 12 Language*EnglishFilipinoLiterature*Philippine Literature (1st Sem)World Literature (2nd Sem)Mathematics*MathScience*Life SciencesPhysical ScienceSocial Sciencesand Philosophy*Contemporary Issues Philosophy (Local)Contemporary Issues (Global)Career Pathways(Track-dependent)Entrepreneurship, Tech- Voc**Others (Arts, Sports, Security, Journalism, Science, etc)OthersNational Service Training ProgramAnchored on the College Readiness Standards of CHED** Based on TESDA Training Regulations
22Senior High School benefits different students in different ways. Students who complete collegeReduction incollege yearsoffsets additionalyears ofschoolingHigherproductivity(about 9%income premium)Higher collegecompletion ratesStudents who finish high school then workBetter incomeopportunities;higher incomestreamsCost due todelayedemploymentoffset by higherincome streamsStudents who complete 2 years of college or post-secondaryReduction incost of schoolingwith additional 2years of “free”education
23A full 12 years of basic education will be required for entry into tertiary level education by SYCompletion of K to 12 education shall be compulsory for those who will go to college/university.
24Graduates of K to 12 Basic Education Program are envisaged to be better prepared for life as they are expected topossess sufficient mastery of 21st century core skills;be emotionally developed and competent to live a meaningful life;be socially aware, pro-active and involved in public and civic affairs;Vision
25be adequately prepared for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education; be legally employable; andbe globally competitive.Vision
26Benefits of K to 12 to Individuals and Families An enhanced curriculum will decongest academic workload, giving students more time to master competencies and time for extra-curricular activities, thus, allowing for their more holistic development.Graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market.Graduates will be better prepared for higher education.Benefits of K to 12 to Individuals and Families
27Benefits of K to 12 to Individuals and Families Graduates will be able to earn higher wages and/or better prepared to start their own business. Studies in the Philippines have shown that an additional year of schooling increases earnings by 7.5%.Filipino graduates could be recognized abroad.Benefits of K to 12 to Individuals and Families
28Benefits of K to 12 to Society and the Economy K to 12 will contribute to economic growth. Several studies have shown that the improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by as much as 2%.A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio- economic development.Benefits of K to 12 to Society and the Economy
29Who will cover the cost of the additional two years in high school? Free for those in public schoolsSubsidized by the Government for those in the ESC programWho will cover the cost of the additional two years in high school?