Presentation on theme: "Understanding the K-12 Basic Education Program. “Education is the key to the long-term problems of the country. If we fix basic education, we fix the."— Presentation transcript:
“Education is the key to the long-term problems of the country. If we fix basic education, we fix the long-term problems of the country. And if we fix the country’s problems, we will build a truly strong society...” -Pres. Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III
10-Point Basic Education Agenda 1. 12-Year Basic Education Cycle 2. Universal Kindergarten 3. Madaris Education 4. Technical-Vocational Education 5. Every Child a Reader by Grade One 6. Science and Math Proficiency 7. GASTPE (Gov. Assistance to Student and Teachers to Private Education) 8. Medium of Instruction 9. Quality Textbooks 10. Covenant with LGUs
The Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10-year pre- university program.
Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation... The majority who do not go to college are too young to enter the labor force. Thus, they would either be unemployed or be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices. Those who may be interested to set up businesses cannot legally enter into contracts.
Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation... The few, (only 23%) who would proceed to tertiary education, usually have to undergo remedial and high school level classes in colleges and universities. Those who graduate (17%) may not be recognized as professionals abroad.
Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation... The Washington Accord prescribes 12 years of basic education as an entry to recognition of engineering professionals. The Bologna Accord requires 12 years of education for university admission and practice of profession in European countries.
“We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.” -Pres. Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III
K-6-4-2 System 2 years 4 years 6 years 1 year Senior High School Junior High School Elementary Kindergarten
Key Features of K to 12 Enhancement of the basic education curriculum is the central focus of K to 12. The enhanced curriculum will offer areas of specialization or electives such as science and technology, arts, sports, journalism, tech-voc, foreign language, entreperneurship, and subjects for advanced placement.
New Features of the K-12 Basic Education Curriculum Vertical continuum and horizontal articulation of competencies Mother Tongue as a learning area and medium of instruction Spiral progression in Science and Math MAPEH (Music, Arts, Physical Education, and Health) begins in Grade 1
Learning Areas for Grades 1 to 1o Mother Tongue 1-3 English 1(2 nd sem)-6 Filipino 1-6 Mathematics 1-6 Araling Panlipunan 1-6 Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao 1-6 Science 3-6 MAPEH 1-6 EPP 4-5 TLE 6 Grades 1 to 6Grades 7 -10 Learning AreasGrade Levels
SAMPLE CLASS PROGRAMMING Grade 1 TimeLearning AreasNumber of Minutes 7:00-7:15 7:15-7:25 Pambansang Awit Homeroom 7:25-7:55Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao30 7:55-8:45Mother Tongue50 8:45-9:15Filipino30 9:15-9:35RECESS 9:35-10:15Araling Panlipunan40 10:15-10:45English (Oral Fluency) 2 nd Semester 30 10:45-11:35Mathematics50 1:00-1:30Remediation, Reinforcement, Enrichment Activities or Optional Religious Instruction 1:30-2:10MAPEH40 TOTAL240/270
Time Allotment NOMENCLATURE/ LEARNING AREA Grades 1 to 6 (No. of Minutes Daily) Grades 7 to 10 (Weekly) G 1G 2G 3G 4G 5G 6 1 st Sem. 2 nd Sem. Language Arts Mother Tongue50 - - -- Filipino30 50 4 hrs English- 30 50 4 hrs Science- - -50 4 hrs Mathematics50 4 hrs Araling Panlipunan40 3 hrs EPP/TLE- - --50 4 hrs MAPEH40 4 hrs EsP30 2 hrs Total240 270 310360 29 hrs
Premises Filipino learners, in order to be globally competitive, need to develop 21 st century core skills( digital age literacy, inventive thinking, effective communication, and high productivity) and be functionally literate. Aside from the development of 21 st century core skills, the extended high school program should be packaged for the preparation of students for career and higher education. This is because secondary education is designed primarily to provide the transition from school to work and from school to further learning.
Premises The curriculum shall be designed to provide a blended career and college preparatory program. Putting the two on the same level and blending them will enhance the seamless relationship between career and higher education and give them equal social and economic value.
Academic Specialization: Engineering/ Journalism/Foreign Language Tech-Voc Specialization Sports/Arts Specialization MODEL 2 Junior/Senior HS Curriculum Core Academic Areas (5) Grades 11-12 Core Academic Areas(8) include TLE (choice of Agri- Fishery, Industrial Arts, HE or ICT) Grade 10 Core Academic Areas (8) include TLE (choice of Agri- Fishery, Industrial Arts, HE or ICT) Grade 9 Core Academic Areas (8) include TLE (choice of Agri- Fishery, Industrial Arts, HE or ICT) Grade 8 Core Academic Areas (8) include TLE (choice of Agri- Fishery, Industrial Arts, HE or ICT) Grade 7
Implementation of Junior HS SY 2015- 2016 SY 2014- 2015 SY 2013- 2014 SY 2012- 2013 Grade 10 Grade 9 Grade 8 Grade 7
Implementation of Senior HS SY 2017- 2018 SY 2016- 2017 Grade 12 Grade 11
Learning Areas for Grades 11 and 12 Learning AreasGrade 11Grade 12 Language*English Filipino English Filipino Literature*Philippine Literature (1 st Sem) World Literature (2 nd Sem) Mathematics*Math Science*Life SciencesPhysical Science Social Sciences and Philosophy* Contemporary Issues Philosophy (Local) Contemporary Issues (Global) Career Pathways (Track-dependent) Entrepreneurship, Tech- Voc** Others (Arts, Sports, Security, Journalism, Science, etc) Entrepreneurship, Tech- Voc** Others (Arts, Sports, Security, Journalism, Science, etc) OthersNational Service Training Program Anchored on the College Readiness Standards of CHED ** Based on TESDA Training Regulations
Senior High School benefits different students in different ways. Students who finish high school then work Better income opportunities; higher income streams Cost due to delayed employment offset by higher income streams Students who complete 2 years of college or post-secondary Reduction in cost of schooling with additional 2 years of “free” education Students who complete college Reduction in college years offsets additional years of schooling Higher productivity (about 9% income premium) Higher college completion rates
Completion of K to 12 education shall be compulsory for those who will go to college/university. A full 12 years of basic education will be required for entry into tertiary level education by SY 2018-2019.
Vision Graduates of K to 12 Basic Education Program are envisaged to be better prepared for life as they are expected to possess sufficient mastery of 21st century core skills; be emotionally developed and competent to live a meaningful life; be socially aware, pro-active and involved in public and civic affairs;
Vision be adequately prepared for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education; be legally employable; and be globally competitive.
Benefits of K to 12 to Individuals and Families An enhanced curriculum will decongest academic workload, giving students more time to master competencies and time for extra-curricular activities, thus, allowing for their more holistic development. Graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market. Graduates will be better prepared for higher education.
Benefits of K to 12 to Individuals and Families Graduates will be able to earn higher wages and/or better prepared to start their own business. Studies in the Philippines have shown that an additional year of schooling increases earnings by 7.5%. Filipino graduates could be recognized abroad.
Benefits of K to 12 to Society and the Economy K to 12 will contribute to economic growth. Several studies have shown that the improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by as much as 2%. A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio- economic development.
Who will cover the cost of the additional two years in high school? Free for those in public schools Subsidized by the Government for those in the ESC program