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Virginia Tech 215 Maywood Street Blacksburg VA 24060 L. David Roper

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Presentation on theme: "Virginia Tech 215 Maywood Street Blacksburg VA 24060 L. David Roper"— Presentation transcript:

1 Virginia Tech 215 Maywood Street Blacksburg VA L. David Roper

2 Virginia Tech Community Gardens Maywood Street off North Main Street RSGH House Pond Tank Bee Hives Orchard Cistern Tank

3 Virginia Tech Community Gardens RSGH

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6 April 2010

7 July 2010

8 Virginia Tech Solar Greenhouse Architecture by Colley Architects Conceived in late Colley Architect’s drawings approved in July 2008.

9 Virginia Tech Solar Greenhouse

10 Heat Sink Air flow ~4ft/sec through 4” slotted drain pipes. (395 cfm) Move 5 times the SGH volume per hour. (500 cfm)

11 Traditional Solar Greenhouse Heat Sink Univ. of Missouri

12 Traditional Solar Greenhouse Heat Sink Omega Lane Farm near Rural Retreat VA uses rectangular honey cans. Blue promotes vegetative growth. Red promotes flowering.

13 Planting Beds

14 Excavation Late October 2008 Jeff Ligon Excavation

15 Excavation & Footers

16 Insulated Concrete Forms (ICF) 1.5” insulating foam on each side. 8” of concrete between. November 2009 Doug & Tim Hoback

17 Pouring Concrete into ICF Cold day in middle of November 2008 Conrock Concrete & Jeff Ligon

18 Insulation Inside & Outside Late November 2009 Snyder Waterproofing

19 Heat Sink Insulation 6-mil polyethylene on bottom; 2” insulating board; 6-mil polyethylene on top. Pat Bixler, Comm. Chair Justin Boyle, Contractor Early December 2008

20 Heat Sink Structure Dave Roper, Worker Tim Colley, Architect

21 Heat Sink

22 Installing Rafters

23 North Roof Early January 2009 Hammer Down Construction Richard Reid

24 West End Late January 2009 DiStefano Siding

25 East End

26 Installing Polycarbonate

27 Polycarbonate On 20’ long x10-mm thick double-walled polycarbonate with ribs separated by 1 cm. Middle February 2009

28 Closed-Cell Foam Insulation Wall panels outside and inside are Hardie Board, a cement-fiber composite. Late March 2009 Evergreen Insulation

29 Inside Hardie Board Early April 2009 DiStefano Siding

30 Painting Middle April 2009 Virginia Tech students Abi Convery VTYMCA Gail Billingsley VTYMCA

31 Building Soil & Walkway April 2009 Debbie Wiley Dave Roper

32 Electrical May 2009 Chris Roberts of Baseline Solar

33 2090-Gallons Cistern Late April 2009 David King

34 David Nickerson, Model Builder and Worker Trex & Choice-Dek Composite Boards

35 Heat-Sink Inlet & Shelves Heat-Sink Fan

36 Vent Windows & Openers

37 Water System David King

38 Control Panel Heat-Sink Fan Thermostats Heat-Sink Fan Variable-Speed Switch Window-Openers Thermostats & Switch & 120V AC->24V DC Converter Window Fan Thermostat Chris Roberts Baseline Solar

39 Thermostats Heat-Sink Cooling: fan on at 70 degrees, off at 61 degrees. Heat-Sink Cooling: fan on at 70 degrees, off at 61 degrees. Heat-Sink Heating: fan on at 50 degrees, off at 59 degrees. Heat-Sink Heating: fan on at 50 degrees, off at 59 degrees. Window Opener: Opens at 70 degrees, closes at 50 degrees. Window Opener: Opens at 70 degrees, closes at 50 degrees. Window Fan: On at 85 degrees, off at 65 degrees. Window Fan: On at 85 degrees, off at 65 degrees.

40 Roper Solar Greenhouse at night. 3 lights on left are LEDs. 3 lights on right are CFLs.

41 Payne Shelter

42 Changes I Would Make Do not insulate the inside of the concrete walls; instead double the insulation outside the concrete walls. Gives more thermal mass. Do not insulate the inside of the concrete walls; instead double the insulation outside the concrete walls. Gives more thermal mass. Install much larger vent windows for more cooling. Install much larger vent windows for more cooling. Connect the ends of the 4” slotted drain pipes closer to each other at the 24” end pipes. Connect the ends of the 4” slotted drain pipes closer to each other at the 24” end pipes. Better brace the Hardie-board that separates the rocks under the walkway from the planting soil. Better brace the Hardie-board that separates the rocks under the walkway from the planting soil. Not put the soil in until all inside structure is built. Not put the soil in until all inside structure is built.

43 Winter of Middle school students at Blacksburg New School planted in west half. Tried some plants that are known to not grow well in solar greenhouses, such as tomatoes. Middle school students at Blacksburg New School planted in west half. Tried some plants that are known to not grow well in solar greenhouses, such as tomatoes. John Ogburn organized 8 gardeners to plant in east half on 4’x7’ plots. I was one of them. John Ogburn organized 8 gardeners to plant in east half on 4’x7’ plots. I was one of them. Greens did very well with bumper crops. Greens did very well with bumper crops. Aphids appeared. Eventually controlled with ladybugs. Aphids appeared. Eventually controlled with ladybugs.

44 North-East Quadrant in November

45 South-West Quadrant in November

46 Roper Plot in February

47 Temperatures in February 2010

48 Back Yard Solar Greenhouse

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51 What to Grow in a Solar Greenhouse Mostly greens Mostly greens Lettuces Lettuces Chard Chard Collard Collard Kale Kale Spinach Spinach Nasturtium/Tropaeolum Nasturtium/Tropaeolum Arugula Arugula Endive Endive Mustard Mustard Beet greens Beet greens Radishes Radishes Green Onions Green Onions Broccoli Broccoli Beet root Beet root Cauliflower (takes too much space?) Cauliflower (takes too much space?)

52 Thanks! Gail Billingsly, YMCA Arlean Hale Lambert, land Pat Bixler, producer Tim Colley, architect Travis Rookstool, architect Jordan Truesdell, engineer David Nickerson, model Justin Boyle, Green Valley Builders Jason Boyle, Green Valley Builders Jeff Ligon, excavation

53 Thanks! Doug & Tim Hoback, ICF Naraine Persaud, soil Richard Reid, carpentry Tom Bowden, carpentry John Sullivan, carpentry Alex Lawrence, excavation Chris Roberts, electrical Abigail Convery, YMCA John Ogburn, grower organizer Deborah Wiley, soil

54 Thanks! Holly Scoggins, soil David King, cistern and water system Master Gardeners, landscaping UXB International, parking lot

55 Want More Information about the SGH Project for the NRV? Web page: This slide show is available on the Internet:


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