Research- Location Plan the best location Items to consider Sun Shade Water Air
Research- Type Raised beds Flat beds Containers Roof top Vertical gardens
Raised beds Typically made of wood at least twelve inches in height Convenient for watering and harvesting The gardener can create a good quality soil mix Allow the gardener to grow more crops in a given area
Raised beds Less soil compaction than flatbed plantings Can be set up on any surface such as concrete or porches Can be built to make it accessible to elderly or handicapped individuals
Flat Beds Flat bed is the most tradition way to plant vegetables is in rows Usually a two foot gap is left between each row for easy watering and harvesting One disadvantage of flatbed planting is it consumes a lot of space.
Container Container gardens are easy to make, manage and add beauty to any area. Examples of containers Whiskey barrels Washtubs Plastic or clay pots Wooden crates Baskets
Container Make sure your containers have holes in the bottom for water drainage Container garden takes up a small amount of space.
Roof Top Roof top gardens make good use of unused or wasted space They are expensive to establish. Check local ordinances before you begin for rules and regulations.
Roof Top Enlist the assistance of an architect or landscape contractor Use as little weight as possible Incorporate windbreaks into the garden design Consider ease of watering and harvesting plants from your roof top garden
Vertical Gardens Saves valuable garden space Vertical structures have a tendency to cast shadow. Watch the suns movement for several days before planting. Examples of vertical gardening structures: Trellis Arbors String poles Teepees Cages
Transplanting Spring vegetable plants Tomatoes Peppers Squash Cucumbers Summer vegetable plants Okra Cauliflower Cucumbers Kale
Maintaining a Garden 1. Stake plants as needed 2. Control pest Keep clean Remover debris and dead plants Check pest problems and maintain non chemical methods of control 3. Harvest plants as they mature 4. Do not let plants over ripen pr decal