Presentation on theme: "Reliability Standard TPL-007-1 Transmission System Planned Performance for Geomagnetic Disturbance Events Presented to PGDTF February 11, 2015 TPL-007-1."— Presentation transcript:
Reliability Standard TPL Transmission System Planned Performance for Geomagnetic Disturbance Events Presented to PGDTF February 11, 2015 TPL Standard Status Update
TPL developed to address FERC Order 779 directives requiring to conduct initial and on-going assessments of the potential impact of benchmark GMD events on the Bulk-Power System, to identify benchmark GMD events that specify what severity GMD events applicable registered entities must assess for potential impacts on the Bulk-Power System and to develop and implement a plan to mitigate the risk of instability, uncontrolled separation, or Cascading as a result of a benchmark GMD event if the assessments identify potential impacts from benchmark GMD events. A final ballot for TPL concluded December 16, 2014 achieved a quorum and received sufficient affirmative votes for approval. On January 21, 2015, NERC filed a petition seeking FERC approval of Proposed Reliability Standard TPL-007-1, Transmission System Planned Performance for Geomagnetic Disturbance Events. Quorum /Approval
The NERC GMD TF has developed general guidelines for performing GMD Vulnerability Assessments that are described in TPL : – NERC Geomagnetic Disturbance Planning Guide – NERC GIC Application Guide Gaps exist in: – GIC modeling – Power flow studies – Harmonics studies – Transformer thermal analysis (to be completed by TO’s and GO’s) Existing Guidance for Performing GMD Analysis & Modeling Gaps
Implementation Plan Date of Approval 6 Months R1 Identify Responsibilities 18 Months R2 System Models 24 Months R5 GIC Flow Information 48 Months R6 Thermal Assessment 60 Months R3, R4, and R7 GMD Assessment Corrective Action Plan
TPL Summary R1 requires to identify the individual and joint responsibilities of the Planning Coordinator (ERCOT) and Transmission Planners in ERCOT’s area for maintaining models and performing the study or studies needed to complete GMD Vulnerability Assessment. R2 requires to maintain System models and GIC System (DC) models of the responsible entity’s planning area for performing the studies needed to complete GMD Vulnerability Assessment o Guidance for developing the GIC System model is provided in the GIC Application Guide developed by the NERC GMD Task Force and available at: %20GMDTF%202013/GIC%20Application%20Guide%202013_approved.pdf R3 requires to have criteria for acceptable System steady state voltage performance for its System during the benchmark GMD event described in Attachment 1.
R4 requires a GMD Vulnerability Assessment of the system to determine its ability to withstand a Benchmark GMD Event without causing voltage collapse Assessment performed once every five years Applicability: Planning Coordinators, Transmission Planners R5 requires to provide GIC flow information to be used for the transformer thermal impact assessment specified in R6 to each TO and GO that owns an applicable BES power transformer in the planning area. Part 5.1 The maximum effective GIC value for the worst case geoelectric field orientation for the benchmark GMD event Part 5.2 The effective GIC time series, GIC(t), calculated using the benchmark GMD event Additional guidance is available in the Transformer Thermal Impact Assessment white paper: Disturbance-Mitigation.aspx TPL Summary
GMD Assessment Process Overview Assemble model and equipment data Create dc model of the system Calculate GIC for each transformer Calculate transformer reactive losses Investigate mitigation options Standard TPL Planning GMD-specific Planning Steps GIC calculation is now available on most power system analysis software Identify voltage and system issues Run ac power flow w/ reactive losses included Conduct transformer thermal assessment
TPL Summary R6 requires a Transformer Thermal Impact Assessment to ensure high-side, wye grounded BES transformers connected at 200kV or higher will not overheat based on the benchmark event Applies to transformers where effective GIC identified in GIC studies 75 A per phase or greater (not 75 A continuous). Effective 75 A per phase is a conservative screening criterion Approaches for conducting the assessment are presented in the Transformer Thermal Impact Assessment white paper posted on the project page Geomagnetic-Disturbance-Mitigation.aspx Performed once every five years with GMD Vulnerability Assessment Applicability: Generator Owners, Transmission Owners
TPL Summary R7 requires to develop a Corrective Action Plan addressing how the performance requirements will be met if through the GMD Vulnerability Assessment responsible entity determined that System does not meet the performance requirements of Table 1. Assessment performed once every five years with GMD Vulnerability Assessment Applicability: Planning Coordinators, Transmission Planners Corrective Action Plans as defined in the NERC Glossary of Terms: A list of actions and an associated timetable for implementation to remedy a specific problem.
Benchmark GMD Event Description The Benchmark GMD Event is described by: Reference geoelectric field amplitude (8V/km) 1-in-100 year amplitude determined statistically from geomagnetic field measurements for a reference earth model Used for GIC studies and load-flow simulations that account for transformer Reactive Power absorption caused by half-cycle saturation Reference geomagnetic field waveshape March 13-14, 1989 GMD event selected from recorded GMD events Used for time-domain analysis on equipment such as transformer thermal impact assessment and/or to determine local geoelectric field if alternative or multiple earth models are used in GIC studies Scaling factors for geomagnetic latitude and earth conductivity can be used to adjust geoelectric field amplitude
Benchmark GMD Geoelectric Field E peak = E benchmark x α x β (in V/km) E peak = Benchmark geoelectric field magnitude at System location E benchmark = 8 V/km Benchmark geoelectric field magnitude at reference location (60 N geomagnetic latitude, resistive ground model) α =Factor adjustment for geomagnetic latitude β =Factor adjustment for regional earth conductivity model The benchmark GMD event description is available on the project page: hmark_GMD_Event_Dec5_clean.pdf